Besides gaining reputation with your questions and answers, you receive badges for being especially helpful. Badges appear on your profile page, flair, and your posts.

Question Badges

First bounty you manually awarded on another person's question
14 awarded
First bounty you manually awarded on your own question
26 awarded
Asked a well-received question on 5 separate days, and maintained a positive question record
72 awarded
First bounty you offered on another person's question
19 awarded
Question score of 10 or more
632 awarded
Asked a question with 1,000 views
382 awarded
First bounty you offered on your own question
50 awarded
Asked a question and accepted an answer
580 awarded
Asked first question with score of 1 or more
978 awarded
Asked a question with no votes, no answers, no comments, and low views for a week
9 awarded

Answer Badges

Answer score of 10 or more
705 awarded
Answered more than 30 days later as first answer scoring 2 or more
202 awarded
Answered your own question with score of 3 or more
36 awarded
Answered first question with score of 1 or more
778 awarded

Participation Badges

Completed all user profile fields
1.2k awarded
Visited an election during any phase of an active election and had enough reputation to cast a vote
Left 10 comments
278 awarded
Earned at least 200 reputation (the daily maximum) in a single day
21 awarded
Followed the Area 51 proposal for this site before it entered the commitment phase
31 awarded
One post with score of 2 on meta
135 awarded
Posted 10 messages, with 1 or more starred, in chat
14 awarded

Tag Badges

You must have a total score of 100 in at least 20 non-community wiki answers to achieve this badge.
19 awarded

Moderation Badges

First flagged post
245 awarded
First rollback
34 awarded
First down vote
332 awarded
Completed at least one review task. This badge is awarded once per review type
419 awarded
Deleted own post with score of 3 or higher
20 awarded
First edit
735 awarded
Edited first post that was inactive for 6 months
62 awarded
First retag
107 awarded
Deleted own post with score of -3 or lower
26 awarded
Approved or rejected 100 suggested edits
6 awarded
Used 30 votes in a day
45 awarded
First up vote
1.6k awarded
First approved tag synonym
7 awarded
First tag wiki edit
39 awarded
Used the maximum 40 votes in a day
29 awarded

Other Badges

Visited every section of the FAQ (retired)
70 awarded
Shared a link to a question that was visited by 25 unique IP addresses
8 awarded
Read the entire about page
192 awarded