- World War II was in progress - most of the men were busy elsewhere.
While most of the workers were women (see above), there was no requirement to be a woman.
See Rosie the Riveter
Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon of the United States,
representing the American women who worked in factories during World
War II, many of whom produced munitions and war supplies. These
women sometimes took entirely new jobs replacing the male workers who
were in the military.
The term "Rosie the Riveter" was first used in 1942 in a song of the
same name written by Redd Evans and John Jacob Loeb. The song was
recorded by numerous artists, including the popular big band leader
Kay Kyser, and it became a national hit. The song portrays "Rosie"
as a tireless assembly line worker, who is doing her part to help the
American war effort.
Norman Rockwell's image of "Rosie the Riveter" received mass
distribution on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post on Memorial
Day, May 29, 1943. Rockwell's illustration features a brawny woman
taking her lunch break with a rivet gun on her lap and beneath her
Penny loafer a copy of Hitler's manifesto, Mein Kampf. Her lunch pail
reads "Rosie"; viewers quickly recognized this to be "Rosie the
Riveter" from the familiar song.