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Is it possible to estimate the distribution of Jews in the variety of cities they settled in the aftermath of expulsion from Palestine by Adrian in 135 AD and in the following few centuries of the late antiquity? In particular, are there any source on what were the numbers of Jewish communities in Alexandria, Carthage, Rome, and other large cities of the Empire? I would like to learn how the numbers in these communities changed between 2nd and 5th centuries AD, including their percentage within population, were there any large scale migrations not immediately after 135 AD, etc.

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Best source would tax records if Jews were taxed differently, or B/M/D records if the Rabbis kept this information back then. –  LateralFractal Oct 18 '13 at 0:00
Interesting question; upvoted because I like the emphasis on method over answer. The question would be improved by inserting some citations to kickstart the research and allow others to learn more about the diaspora. –  Mark C. Wallace Oct 18 '13 at 11:59
This is a great question and @LateralFractal's suggestion is good - but it's not likely that tax records have survived, except for Egypt, perhaps. –  Felix Goldberg Oct 18 '13 at 13:41

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