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The modern translation by BING is Swedish ski jump or Swedish hill, depending on whether or not I insert a space, but this seems very unlikely in that time period. The structure is clearly man-made, and about the size of a small football stadium, but seems to be much simpler in structure.

The object can be found 3 or 4 km north-east of Landshut (and 1 km south-east of Ergolding) on this map and appears like this at 1:50000 scale: enter image description here

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up vote 12 down vote accepted

There is a German Wikipedia entry for it, but I found no entry for this specific 'Schwedenschanze'.

It is a military Sconce (fortification) (German: Schanze) or Hill fort, the name is based on the Thirty Years' War. Sweden (German: Schweden) was a participant during the war.

It is not necessary, that the Schwedenschanze you found is a real Swedish sconce. It may be a any sconce and the name is only vernacular.


I try to identify your specific Schwedenschanze.

There is a Schwedenschanze on Googlemaps,robably this one: http://alleburgen.de/dispF.php?i=96&t=nb&id=299:

erhalten: Wall- und Grabenreste

frühgeschichtliche Wallanlage

Translation:

Still conserved: Rest of wall and fosse.

early history wall construction

But looking at the map, I have the impression your 'Schwedenschanze' is located at the Stausee Altheim (artificial lake).

There is another website, saying the 'Schwedenschanze' in Ergolding is disappeared.


I found a book Repertorium des topographischen Atlasblattes

enter image description here

Rough Translation:

Ergolding Swedish camp during the 30 year war

Schwedenschanze seems to be form the war of Charlemagne against the Huns, perhaps from the Bavarian wars of succession for Duke Georgs of Bavaria-Landshut (death in 1503). This fortification is located in Moesern, has strong and high walls. Probably a refuge of the inhabitants of the town.

have been cast by the Austrians on 15 April and by the French after the retreat of the former, on 21 April 1809

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That was fast! As I am unfortunately unilingual English, could you possibly indicate which link from that article refers to this particular fort? –  Pieter Geerkens Nov 3 '13 at 15:24
    
Not quite in the Stausee Altheim but undoubtedly levelled for the bordering berms. I didn't even think to translate 'Stausee', thinking it just a name, but your translation note makes much else on the old map easier to understand also. –  Pieter Geerkens Nov 3 '13 at 20:55
    
Comparing the map with google maps, I don't think it's in the lake. Assuming the old map was accurate, the Schwedemschanze should be the almost circular bit of wood that I hope I made a green arrow on: goo.gl/maps/w4PAB –  Lennart Regebro Nov 3 '13 at 21:04
    
@PieterGeerkens Just to be a bit more concrete: There are more barrier lakes along the river Isar. One is the Stausee Altheim. –  knut Nov 3 '13 at 21:24
    
@LennartRegebro I think you are right. I compared it with Openstreetmap.org. There you have some houses called Duniwang - the same as in the original card. –  knut Nov 3 '13 at 21:39
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