I'm looking for information about the Barysaw Massacre of 20 October 1941. Who performed it and who was in charge of this operation?
On October, 20-21 1941, the German occupation authority of Borisov (headed by Stanislav Stankevich with the participation of obersturmfuerer Kraffe) performed liquidation of the Jewish ghetto. At the day were killed 7 245 Jews. The upcoming action was announced on a banquet by the city administration.
The performers were mostly Russian auxiliary police headed by a Volga German David Egof. Other involved forces were the units of Wehrmacht as well as a Latvian SD company under command of obersturmfuerer Kraffe who arrived from Minsk for the event.
According the Egof's words, the next day they also killed about 1000 people in the course of cleaning up the ghetto's territory.
In 1943 Germans ordered Russian POWs to open the ditch and burn the bodies of the victims so to cover up the massacre. All the POWs who participated were executed afterwards.
Before the war Egof was a teacher of German language near Borisov, who was elevated by the German administration due to his German ancestry. He was tried in 1947 and got 25 years in prison, because death penalty was abolished in the USSR at the time. After he served the term he was released.
Before the occupation started Jews constituted 20% of the city's population, that is 10000 people of 49000 total.