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I'm looking for information about the Barysaw Massacre of 20 October 1941. Who preformed it and who was in charge of this operation?

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Upon researching this, Immediately stumbled over two Khatyn Massacres in 1940 and 1943. Khatyn is about 40KM from Barysaw. What a horrible time in history that was. –  T.E.D. Nov 11 '13 at 17:20
    
a time of exceptional cruelty, no doubt, but not much more different then today Im afraid...the two events you described have no relation to the Barysaw events. –  Bak1139 Nov 11 '13 at 17:27
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@T.E.D. The 1940 Katyn massacre is not the same place as the 1943 Khatyn massacre. –  Lennart Regebro Nov 11 '13 at 19:55
    
@T.E.D. seems you are confusing two places. –  Anixx Nov 11 '13 at 20:00
    
The action that day, as far as I know at least took action against Jews only, but that's about all that I know... –  Bak1139 Nov 11 '13 at 20:19
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1 Answer

up vote 7 down vote accepted

On October, 20-21 1941, the German occupation authority of Borisov (headed by Stanislav Stankevich with the participation of obersturmfuerer Kraffe) performed liquidation of the Jewish ghetto. At the day were killed 7 245 Jews. The upcoming action was announced on a banquet by the city administration.

The performers were mostly Russian auxiliary police headed by a Volga German David Egof. Other involved forces were the units of Wehrmacht as well as a Latvian SD company under command of obersturmfuerer Kraffe who arrived from Minsk for the event.

According the Egof's words, the next day they also killed about 1000 people in the course of cleaning up the ghetto's territory.

In 1943 Germans ordered Russian POWs to open the ditch and burn the bodies of the victims so to cover up the massacre. All the POWs who participated were executed afterwards.

Before the war Egof was a teacher of German language near Borisov, who was elevated by the German administration due to his German ancestry. He was tried in 1947 and got 25 years in prison, because death penalty was abolished in the USSR at the time. After he served the term he was released.

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Before the occupation started Jews constituted 20% of the city's population, that is 10000 people of 49000 total.

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not bad..where did you find the source? –  Bak1139 Nov 11 '13 at 20:28
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@Bak1139 from Russian Wikipedia: ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/… –  Anixx Nov 11 '13 at 20:29
    
Any knowledge about the eventual whereabouts and faith of obersturmbannführer Kraft, obersturmbannführer Kaffe and Egof? –  Bak1139 Nov 11 '13 at 20:40
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@Bak1139 I only found information about David Davidovich Egof. Before the war he was a teacher of German language near Borisov. He was tried after the war and got 25 years in prison, after the term he was released. rpp.nm.ru/teacher/teacher.html –  Anixx Nov 11 '13 at 20:57
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@Bak1139 Jews were re-settled to the ghetto and non-Jews were prohibited to speak with them. Upon spotting a Jew on a street, the non-Jews were required to switch the street side, any greetings were prohibited as well, including nodding the head or raising the hat from the distance. Upon installing their regime, the Germans made teacher Egof a burgomаster of the town Zembin because of his German origin. At 18 August all Jews in Zembin (760 to 900) were totally killed, with assistance of Egof. –  Anixx Nov 12 '13 at 18:01
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