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Chow, Tommy WS, and John Sum. "Guest editorial: special issue on the emerging applications of neural networks." Neural Computing & Applications 20.7 (2011): 923-924. says:

The take off of neural computing research was probably due to the announcement that Japan had resumed the research of neural networks. The US feared that they would be overtaken by the Japanese. This resulted in Ira Skurnick, a program funding manager in the US defense Science Office, decided to fund neural computing research again.

How true is it that the take off of neural computing research in the 80's was due to Japan?

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closed as off-topic by Samuel Russell, Pieter Geerkens, Kobunite, DVK, jwenting Feb 19 at 13:26

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Probably needs to be migrated to a computer science stack exchange. The question relates to why a computer science research programme was commenced. –  Samuel Russell Feb 18 at 4:10
    
Which computer science Stack Exchange do you have in mind? Funding decisions can be pretty political, that's why I posted the question here. –  Franck Dernoncourt Feb 18 at 4:22
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Given the time lag in historiography, "30 years" is a current event in terms of archival opening. Its highly unlikely that historians of science have published specifically on US computing funding in the 1980s. A trivial FUTON search in a major Computing history journal reveals no hits for neural: computer.org/portal/web/search/… –  Samuel Russell Feb 18 at 5:04
    
Seems a legit history question to me, if a bit recent. OTOH, this stack is in Beta, while StackOverflow is the mother of all SE sites, and it would probably be on topic there too. If you want lots of answers, I know which I'd pick.. –  T.E.D. Feb 18 at 5:06
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This is not a programming question and would likely not be on topic on Stackoverflow. –  Lennart Regebro Feb 18 at 7:57

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