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I started wondering about this after watching yet another World War II movie where the European people are freed by Mother Russia and Uncle Sam and also helped in their recovery.

What are the earliest examples in history where anything like that happens, especially where the rescued population is given long term support in economic development, wellbeing, etc. following the war (without necessarily being colonized)?

Also, as a sub-question, are there any similar examples outside the Western world?

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The term is "Amical Protectorate" - where a major power steps in to defend a weaker one without demanding much in return (tho the Baltic states and Karelia may disagree). It's a tough term to search on, tho, as the British Empire was littered with protectorates of other sorts in places where ancient civilizations flourished, and this poisons the search results. – RI Swamp Yankee Feb 22 '14 at 19:13
I would certainly argue that many of the Roman Republic's provinces were Protectorates under the modern meaning. Consider Caesar's repulse of the Helvetii at the beginning of his term as Governor of Gaul, and his subsequent repulse of a Germanic invasion of Gaul a few years later. – Pieter Geerkens Feb 23 '14 at 15:08
@PieterGeerkens Do you have other Roman examples? This seems to me to be a rather singular pair of cases (perhaps Caesar was really good at putting a nice spin on his actions). – Felix Goldberg Dec 2 '14 at 20:53
You have a strange idea about the Soviet's role in post-war Eastern Europe. – Greg Jul 3 '15 at 5:22
@PieterGeerkens: "repulse of the Helvetii"? You mean the pretext of attacking peaceful migr.. oh I mean "barbarian savages" that Caesar used to gain quick power and fame and genociding most of Gaul on the way? – Matthias Schreiber Jun 8 at 18:10

In 661 B.C., the state of Wey was invaded by a nomdaic invasion of Di tribes. Their prince and armies were slaughtered in combat, and reportedly only 5000 refugees made it to their last holdout. The hegemonic state of Qi stepped in at this point, and sent an army to liberate their country from the Di occupiers. It subsequently supplied money, materials and labour to both build a new capital city for Wey survivors, as well as replenish their animal stocks. These actions were considered to have saved the state of Wey, which subsequently survived to 209 B.C. until the Qin Dynasty finally abolished it.

That's the earliest example of economic support after military rescue I can think of.

The above example involved two ancient Chinese states. A much more recent, but still very old, example involving two distinct peoples might be Japan and the Korean state of Baekje. In A.D. 660, the combined forces of the Chinese Tang Dynasty and the Korean state of Silla.

Japan sent an expeditionary army to save the Baekje state; when that failed, it re-settled Baekje's leading citizens without Japan. That's essentially offering long term economic support to the defeated refugees of Baekje. Also, it would have been an liberation in the same style as the question had it worked.

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