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What were the transitions, How long did each transitional period last.

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closed as too broad by knut, Yannis Rizos, Lohoris, Mark C. Wallace, Sardathrion Mar 17 at 12:30

There are either too many possible answers, or good answers would be too long for this format. Please add details to narrow the answer set or to isolate an issue that can be answered in a few paragraphs.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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The question seems very general and vague. Could you narrow the focus a bit? Which cities are you most interested in, what time frame exactly, and what transitions you're referring to? –  Avner Shahar-Kashtan Mar 17 at 9:09
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1 Answer 1

The western Empire was totally overrun, and very little Roman culture was left. Many families fled abandoning estates, especially the aristocracy. It was quite a sudden transition, but many buildings survived and were used by the occupiers. The technology and knowledge that the Romans had left in each province was lost, and you can imagine how throughout the dark ages and well into the middle ages, people must have marvelled at the skill apparently needed to have left the elegant villas, bridges, aqueducts behind. Stone building was a rare skill for centuries afterwards, and concrete had to be rediscovered. In England for example, the main Roman towns became the main cities of the Anglo Saxons. Wintanceaster (Winchester) was the court of Alfred the Great, previously Venta Belgarum. Lundenwic (London), used to be Londinium. York, Eboracum. The crumbling fortifications were supplemented with simple palisades and utilized as 'burhs'. I could certainly tell you much more about this time, but please be more specific, in case I end up writing a book. And I would too.

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I know this is a closed post but.. "you can imagine how throughout the dark ages... " While in Augsburg West Germany, in the '80's, I stood on a stone bridge in disrepair, while gazing up at a portion of Roman Aqueduct. I didn't live in the times, but rather more than a thousand years later.... –  CGCampbell May 23 at 16:02
    
It must be amazing. In Italy especially, and in several places in Europe, I hear that roman roads are still actually used by traffic. If we marvel at them now in our so-called 'advanced' age, imagine what it looked like to a fellow with a flock of sheep and a wattle and daub hut! –  Duncan May 24 at 21:37
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I'm quite interested by this! For example, where did all the skilled artisans and aristocrats go? Did the invading barbarians not think to reacquire these skills they wonder so much about? Also re: roads in europe, here in Britain I can tell you that yes, they actually are, but most roads have been paved over because even the Romans couldn't have foreseen the modern day 10-ton container lorry :). The fact that they are usually the best routes to connect 2 cities also doesn't help their surival rates. You can still find them though, and they're certainly still usable for bicycles and such. –  Evil Washing Machine Jun 9 at 11:00
    
@Evil Washing Machine we should think up a question or two about those matters. There's some terrific mystery in that post roman/dark ages period that I'd love to see explored on here! –  Duncan Jun 10 at 12:19

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