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Does anyone know of a source regarding which finger 'daktylos' refers to (in regards to greek measurments) - the thumb / middle finger / etc.

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We try to avoid asking for sources(see help center), but I think the answer to your question is that nobody knows. The reference says we don't have enough information, so we infer a length from another unit. –  Mark C. Wallace Mar 23 at 21:32

1 Answer 1

Daktylos is the Greek word for “finger”. As a unit of measurement it designated the breadth of one finger. I think all fingers (apart from the thumb) are about the same breadth.

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3Dda%2Fktulos

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There are three breadths - thumb, pinkie, and the others. The ancient Hebrew system of measurements differentiated between them - a handbreadth wad defined as 4 thumbs or 5+1/2 'fingers' or 6 pinkies. –  afuna Mar 24 at 5:50

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