This (german) article states that in 1960 Japan's President Nobosuke Kishi hired 28000 Yakuza as thugs against an anti-American demonstration.
I find nothing indicating this in the wikipedia article about him, But there is some mention of riots in 1960 against a Japanese-American mutual assistance agreement. So I'm interested in finding an article about this incident. I'd be interested to understand:
- What was the political leaning of the protesters?
- Can one say that the "typical" Yakuza was leaning more toward the left or right, and did this influence the decision of some Yakuza to do this?
- Did the Yakuza have a stance on the political issue (US-Japans support agreement)?
- Was such a use of Yakuza thugs by the state in any way typical (even at a smaller scale)?
- Is the number of 28000 Yakuza remotely true? (3000 riot cops can be a suffocating presence, why ten times the number?) Were the events spread out over several cities?
- What was to gain for the Yakuza?
Edit to add: The article I quote is about the loss of members the Yakuza experienced recently, and how they try to hire new guys with a webpage. It also goes into the relative openness with which the Yakuza operate in Japan. There's not much onfo about the incident, I'll translate the paragraph:
The criminals have good connections to the political shpere. In the last years, a few ministers had to lay down their offices as their friendships to the crminals were to close. One minister, for example, had a brother at the top of a Yakuza group - the politician had to leave office. But up till now, there a foto showing Prime Minister Shinzo Abe with Ichu Nagamoto, a leading member of the Yamaguchi-Gumi. The Prime Minister claims not to know the man. Tha's enough (to avoid consequences). Interestingly, it is proven that the politicians grandfather, Nobosuke Ishi, then prime minister, mobilizied 28000 Yakuza to beat on an anti-american demonstration in 1960.