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I'm not a historian but I've always been intrigued by modern Russian history, from the socialist revolution to the present. I'm thinking of reading more on the subject and want to know how far back in time the socialist movement dates and what the circumstances leading up to the revolution were like. How far back does the Russian socialist movement go?

(Perhaps you can suggest a book: I'd like to find a book which maybe covers the socialist movement starting by developing a background of Russian politics, the formation of the movement, discusses ideologies & philosophies of the key sides/people involved, the revolution, the world wars, the cold war, the iron curtain, the soviet union, and how Russia has progressed to its current state).

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While the first part of the question is very answerable here, the second part isn't. We don't do recommendations. But let's take this as an appeal that people cite their answers :). –  Samuel Russell Jul 30 at 10:09
    
@SamuelRussell Yes, I realized book recommendations were not on topic (seemingly it varies between SE sites) - as you say, I thought maybe the person answering the question might also have a good idea of which texts cover the whole period. –  GriffinEvo Jul 30 at 10:14
    

1 Answer 1

I would say shortly after Karl Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto he began to influence the modern form of communism.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Communist_Manifesto

You can look further back in history to see other examples of Communistic societies. There was the French Commune during the Franco-Prussian War.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Commune

Even in early US history some of the colonies, such as Jamestown, experimented with Communism.

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/bloggers/2120669/posts

Karl Marx argues that private property is used as leverage against the proletariat and without private property and classes society would function on a more equal footing.

The reason communism was able to thrive in Russia was due loss of confidence in the Monarchy. You had the massacre know as Bloody Sunday.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloody_Sunday_%281905%29

You had the Russians who lost to the Japanese in the Russo-Japanese war. The final blow was when the Russian Czar mismanaged WWI. Also, the serfs in Russia had had nothing to show for their life's work for hundreds of years. They were receptive to hearing life would be better with no private property, no classes and equality for all. However, they were duped and as one yoke was thrown off the yoke of the Bolsheviks replaced it.

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Marx did not invent Socialism, it was a force earlier in the 19th Century. While Marxism/Leninism won out, you need to go back farther to see if Socialists influenced the Anarchists who blew up a Tsar or so in that time. –  Oldcat Jul 31 at 23:20
    
Never said he did invent anything... only that he influenced the modern form of communism. Which pertains to what form of Communism affected Russia and what were the conditions that lead to its success in Russia (Taking power anyways). Communism in Jamestown occurred in the 17th Century. Plus early forms of Christianity, Ancient Greek philosophers even hunter gatherers in the Paleolithic Era practiced or preached socialism. Yes Socialism predates Marx. –  Andrew Kloos Aug 1 at 0:28
    
The question is about socialism, not Communism affected Russia. So without information about how earlier forms Socialism did or did not affect Russia, your answer is incomplete. –  Oldcat Aug 1 at 0:31

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