Take the 2-minute tour ×
History Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for historians and history buffs. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Did they have entrance tests? Were certain groups officially banned from entering? How much did one have to pay? Did they have scholarships for talented studends? How these criteria differed between countries and over time?

share|improve this question
add comment

1 Answer

up vote 8 down vote accepted

More details can be found in the related Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_university

University students typically had one of three sponsors: 1) their own (wealthy) families 2) the church or 3) the crown. The admissions criteria and payments were set by the respective sponsors. That is the church and crown had their own "feeder" schools, and chose the best students of these to take university degrees, and generally paid for the students' education. These choices were made on the basis of public policy. Wealthy families might "home school" their children, perhaps hiring tutors affiliated with universities, then sending those children to whichever universities would accept them, with the family paying the way.

share|improve this answer
    
I didn't understand "The admissions criteria and payments were set by the respective sponsors". Doesn't the university determine its own admission criteria? –  Squark Oct 15 '11 at 15:52
    
@Squark: You're thinking in today's terms, with "private" universities. In those days, universities were "established," or at least heavily sponsored by either the king or the church. As such, the sponsors had so many seats (let's say, 70 out of 100), that were reserved for young men (never women) that they wanted to train for their own purpose. Wealthy private individuals jockeyed for a handful of remaining seats. –  Tom Au Oct 15 '11 at 16:39
2  
From Wiki: "Universities were generally structured along three types, depending on who paid the teachers. The first type was in Bologna, where students hired and paid for the teachers. The second type was in Paris, where teachers were paid by the church. Oxford and Cambridge were predominantly supported by the crown and the state, a fact which helped them survive the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1538 and the subsequent removal of all the principal Catholic institutions in England. ..." –  Cerberus Oct 26 '11 at 2:28
    
" ... These structural differences created other characteristics. At the Bologna university the students ran everything—a fact that often put teachers under great pressure and disadvantage. In Paris, teachers ran the school; thus Paris became the premiere spot for teachers from all over Europe. Also, in Paris the main subject matter was theology, so control of the qualifications awarded was in the hands of an external authority - the Chancellor of the diocese. In Bologna, where students chose more secular studies, the main subject was law." I believe the Bologna model was/became quite common. –  Cerberus Oct 26 '11 at 2:28
    
P.S. Universities in most of continental Europe are still controlled by the state and by no means private, some more directly than others. That is why tuition fees are usually between zero and about a tenth of those in America. –  Cerberus Oct 26 '11 at 2:29
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.