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According to the Treaty of New Echota, ratified by the US Senate in 1836, the US government was supposed to pay the Cherokee Nation $5 million for their lands in and around Georgia. In exchange, the Cherokee would leave that region and settle across the Mississippi.

Did the government actually pay the $5 million?

I know there was a division among the Cherokee of whether to accept the treaty or not, and most of them chose to remain on their land, then being forcibly removed (which is a different sad story). But the removal of the Cherokee was done under the auspices of the Treaty of New Echota, so was the payment required by the treaty ever made?

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Good question, not sure I have ever seen anything about the payment actually being made, and I am willing to believe some excuse was made to avoid payment. I have a few books on this at home, I will have to check on it. –  MichaelF May 17 '12 at 16:53
    
It looks like it would have been tough to make such a payment, as it was supposed to be given individually to each tribe member, and half the tribe stayed behind and had to be marched out. –  T.E.D. May 17 '12 at 18:13

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Yes, it was paid to some degree. The catch was that it was paid slowly due to bureaucratic sloth (possibly intentional) and were diverted in some cases by government agents and tribal leaders. Payment vouchers were issued and ledgers were kept of these disbursements however these records are often incomplete and probably inaccurate.

You can find more info at these links...

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