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Is there any country(former colony) in the world that fought for/obtained independence and then again tried to join its colonist ruler?

I guess an African country did so.

Can anyone tell me?

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The Saarland was never really 'independant', but it was on the way. The 'Europäisches Saarstatut' planned 1954 to create an european independant area, but a plebiscite voted for a union with Germany. –  knut May 30 '12 at 18:25

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Belarus has got an independence after the collapse of Soviet Union in 1990, but soon after that in 1996 the Union State of Russia and Belarus was reestablished.

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Belarus is still an independent country. The "Union State" is just a vague political concept, which is dead for all practical purposes. –  quant_dev May 30 '12 at 12:04
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Oh yeah? Just read the sign on the passport control cabins in Moscow airports. For several years it said "Only for citizens of Union State of Russia and Belarus". So one practical purpose was the length of the queue. Today the sign is different though. It says "Only for citizens of TS". "TS" meaning "Tamozhenny Soyuz" that is "Customs Union" (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…) –  horsh May 30 '12 at 18:33
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@horsh those countries have an agreement about special custom regulations and it doesn't conflict with each state's independency. For example UK-USA agreements on social security or signal intelligence don't mean that former british colonies (US) somewhat lost their independence and joined former ruler (UK). I agree with you that members of Soviet Union were not independent. But I don't think it's applicable for Union State or Customs Union. –  default locale May 31 '12 at 3:50

Scotland was "ruled" by Edward Long Shanks, then under Robert the Bruce became free. In 1707, Scotland opted to join with England. The group chosen to discus the acts of union were chosen by a pro union Duke of Queensberry, and were mostly pro union.

Another case I remember reading was about Eadric Streona. He was a traitor for both the English and the Danes. He joined Knut against the English, then joined the English against the Danes in the battle of Battle of Assandun. During that battle, he deserted and joined the Danes again, securing their victory. When England was under Knuts thumb, Knut, who knew the Eadric was not trust-worthy, had him executed. This example might not be what you are looking for, because Eadric didn't switch sides because of a scene of loyalty or necessity, but rather for monetary and power gain. Also, Eadric wasn't a king of a country, but rather the Alderman of Mercia, the equivalent of an earl. (earl came into use after Knut appointed Jarls, but the English couldn't pronounce Jarl, and so said earl.) On the other hand Mercia was still very much a separate entity, and an earldom was very much a sovereign power thanks the the decentralizing effect of feudalism.

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Scotland is a poor example because by 1707 it was no longer independent. –  Felix Goldberg Dec 2 '12 at 0:56

Some time after the unification of China by Qin, Ren Xiao and Zhao Tuo were sent to colonise the barbarian region of Nanyue around present day Guangzhou. Zhao Tuo succeeded Ren Xiao around the time when revolts began to occur against Qin, eventually signalling Nanyue's independence by declaring himself King and raiding surrounding provinces. When Liu Bang reunited China, the diplomat Lu Jia persuaded Zhao Tuo to submit to Han, although he retained his title of King. However, after Liu Bang's death, his widow Empress Lü cut off trade in iron goods with Nanyue, as a result of which Zhao Tuo declared himself Emperor of Nanyue, dispatching troops to attack Han and sending bribes to nearby chiefs to encourage them to switch allegiances. Empress Lü sent troops to attack him but disease led to the failure of the mission. After Empress Lü's death, Emperor Wen took the throne. Once more, Lu Jia persuaded Zhao Tuo to submit to Han, renouncing his title of Emperor and returning to being King.

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