Yes, the Cold War continues. There still numerous Communist, Socialist and just left-leaning regimes in the world, even after Russia turned to Capitalism. All these regimes are enemies of the US to greater or smaller degree.
If you take a look at the recent objects of US military campaigns, You'll see that the victims of the US politics are mostly left-wing regimes which somehow position themselves as being "socialist":
Arab socialist Iraq
and Arab Socialist Syria is sheduled. Note that Syria is the last remaining country in Arab and the whole Muslim world that positions itself to be somehow "socialist", the other two (Iraq and Libya) has been already annihilated.
That said I think the main target of the current US geopolitical offensive is China which is currently the opposite pole of the current cold war (although the confrontation is mostly one-sided with China mostly conducting a peaceful policy now).