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Were the Muslims viewed as barbarians similar to the Mongols, and as a people who only specialized in war? Or, were Muslims advanced enough to teach Europe scientific advancements? Did they invent any new science? Did they help world civilization progress?

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This source would suggest a positive answer: "Mathematicians in Al-Andalus also did original work ..." –  Drux Oct 24 '12 at 5:02
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Very difficult to provide a non-subjective answer. This is fundamentally question about Counterfactuals. –  Mark C. Wallace Oct 24 '12 at 11:28
    
ok,lets avoid subjective issues ,what they give and what they take ,also inspirational factor for both,who got benefited of this "merging",and through some facts,about level of both communities –  md nth Oct 24 '12 at 16:59
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Too broad. Is the question about Muslims, or Moors specifically? Which historical period? Islamic civilization had swings from being highly sophisticated scientifically to very hostile to science. Also, Mongols established observatories and schools, so "viewed" is the keyword here. They were in many things less barbaric than medieval Europe. –  DVK Nov 3 '12 at 22:55
    
i want you to judge all Muslims era ,in general,with no specific ,what is there score at that long long period –  md nth Nov 3 '12 at 23:08
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up vote 4 down vote accepted

Moors were more advanced than Europe during the Dark Ages (a period that represented a low point in European civilization). Moors had knowledge of algebra, geometry, and other forms of mathematics several hundred years ahead of the Europeans. As such, they also had more advanced trade practices, as well as access to more trade goods such as silks and spices via the Middle East.

Moors occupied and made their mark particularly in Spain. Their knowledge (including navigation) seeped out into that country (and Portugal) giving those countries a lead in the race to the New World. Until the Spanish persecution, Moors also handled much of the trade of Spain, which is why that country prospered in the 15th century (relative to the rest of Europe), but lagged behind in the 16th century (after the Moors were driven out).

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