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According to this article on a person's experience in the country of Mexico, Querétaro was used as a temporary capital city of the Mexican Republic three times. What I am having trouble finding out is the reason they chose Queretaro as the capital city. The motivation I can understand.

  • They chose it in 1847 shortly before the Americans took over Mexico City
  • In 1867, they chose it because of the French Intervention
  • And in 1917, it was chosen as a place to sign the new constitution.

What I cannot understand is the value of Queretaro at the time. Was it because Queretaro is a land-locked city surrounded by mountains? Was it because it was founded in 1531 by the Spaniards and used as a fail-safe city? Did they choose it to hide in?

I have researched and researched on the exact reason for this election yet all I can find is that Mexico did in fact use Queretaro as their temporary capital and that is usually the end of the statement.

What is the value of Queretaro such that the federal government "hid" there three times?

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I have some theories, but someone better than I at Mexican history really ought to answer. I will add to your list though. Both the treates of Guadelope Hidalgo and the one leading to the Gadsen Purchase were signed there. –  T.E.D. Nov 12 '12 at 22:26
Also, I've removed the second question about Mexico City. That really ought to be a separate question. If you strenuously disagree, feel free to put it back. –  T.E.D. Nov 12 '12 at 22:33
Good point about the Mexico City question. It really should have its own area. I am writing a research paper on the importance of Mexico City and I have a thesis concerning the geographic location of Mexico City, but as it turns out, nearly every treaty, war, and governmental issues happened in Queretaro, so I cannot write this thesis without including Queretaro. –  Zane Edward Dockery Nov 13 '12 at 0:30
Queretaro is politically significant, as it's considered the cradle of the Mexican War of Independence (see: Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez & Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla). It's not unthinkable that the city was chosen mostly for symbolic reasons. –  Yannis Rizos Nov 14 '12 at 5:24
@Yannis Rizos: This comment could well be an answer. –  Felix Goldberg Dec 8 '12 at 13:30

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