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I've read that Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1908, much to the dismay of the Serbs. Russia backed this action and was promised to have access to the Straits but were later denied. The Serbs were pressured by their Russian ally to give up their claims of Bosnia-Herzegovina (but why?). Before then, Austria had repeatedly threatened to go to war against Serbia if Serbia continued to refuse recognizing Austria's claims.

The killer who murdered Archduke Ferdinand was a member of the Black Hand, the same group that is connected with the post-revolutionary government in Serbia, so the Serbian government was complicit. From a historical point of view, it seems that Serb nationalism was the trigger to WWI.

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Well, the assassination was the straw that broke the camels back. –  Russell Dec 5 '12 at 2:08
I need more information on the alliance system as well and an in-depth analysis of the causes and results of the Bosnian crisis. –  Person Dec 5 '12 at 2:20
Gavrilo Princip (the killer) wasn't a member of Black Hand (a military group), he was a member of Mlada Bosna. I don't think any of the six assassins was member of Black Hand. –  Yannis Rizos Dec 5 '12 at 2:31
There's a lot of information and "in-depth analysis" here. –  coleopterist Dec 5 '12 at 3:30
To call something a trigger is not the same as to call something a cause. To say "trigger" implies a specific incident that sets in motion a chain reaction. Hostile sentiment or a belligerent nature by themselves do not produce conflict; something has to provide an "excuse" to fight. The assassination was the trigger, nationalism a contributing cause. –  choster Dec 13 '12 at 19:48
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