One of my family relatives who lives in Seville, Spain (my family is from Andalusian ascent) has sent me pictures of a book she owns and has received from her mother. My family claims that the book in question was passed from generation to generation within my family since the XV century.
The book is in bad shape as you can see below:
and they don't feel comfortable moving it from the apartment where they live, or even turning pages to take pictures. Still, I convinced them to open it and take pictures wherever possible, such as the one below:
My first question is: How can I research where the escutcheon above is from? What type of escutcheon is it?
My family says that the book talks about two individuals who my family claims to be our ancestors:
- Juan Núñez Salgero
- Alonso Númez Salgero
Their names can be seen on pages inside the book (I have pictures below). From the stories my family remember, the two individuals above fought along with Ferdinand I of Aragon (also known as Fernando of Antequera ) during the Reconquista against the Mulsim Kingdom of Granada and conquered Antequera. This story seems to be consistent with what the following page from the book:
where I think the text in large character says ( I can't understand the small text at the bottom):
La nobleza y limpieza de
Juan Nuñez Salgero. Descendientes de los primeros ganadores de la ciudad de Antequera
Where I understand
limpieza to refer to Limpieza de Sangre. The text seems to say that
Juan Núñez Salgero was of the nobility and of "pure blood" (i.e. christian with no muslim or jewish ancestry) and descendant of the individuals who conquered Antequera in
September 16, 1410. Back then, Ferdinand I of Aragon was not king yet (he was crowned "King of Aragon" in 1412), and winning this battle gave him the title "Ferdinand of Antequera" (i.e. Don Fernando de Antequera). So this seems to be consistent with the story told by family relatives.
Here is another picture of a different page they took:
My second question: I am having a hard time translating the text above to modern Spanish. For example, the first sentence seems to say:
Por estas preguntas, se examinan los testigos en la XX que hacen Juan Núñez y Alonso Salgero
where I think
XX is "provinça", but I don't know what that word means. It looks like provincia, but it would not make much sense considering the rest of the sentence. Also what does the rest of the text say? E.g. What is boco?
My last questions: More generally I am interested in knowing what this book is all about. For example, what was the purpose of the exam and the witnesses? (from the last page above).
I am trying to get my relatives who own the book to take more pictures, but it's not an easy task. They don't seem to be willing to share it physically with anyone, and don't seem resources to pay for a professional historian. With this:
- How much would a document like this be worth?
- What is the best thing I or they can do if we want this book to be preserved? I personally would like to see it in a museum or some other national repository of antiques, but don't know how to best proceed.