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Is there any estimate of the number of people that were killed during invasions and conquests of Alexander and Genghis Khan? or at least can say me which one killed more people? What percent of them were military vs civilian?

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I have seen an estimate of "millions" for Horde victims. The source was a fiction book (obviously with no citations), but the author was a historian by trade, and one with an unusually respectful attitude for the Horde. –  DVK Jan 25 '13 at 19:38
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2 Answers 2

Such estimates are pretty difficult. Even for WWII there is no universal agreement over the number of dead - and that's for a relatively recent event that was extensively documented.

However, I think one can say from the record that the civilian/military ratio among Genghis Khan's victims was much higher than that of Alexander's. (To wit, Genghis Khan would raze whole cities and kill all the inhabitants - something Alexander never did, except for the one singular case of Thebes).

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Even here, how sure are we really? We are relying entirely on histories written by people who feel a lot of cultural affinity with the ancient Greeks, and none at all for the nomadic Mongols. –  T.E.D. Jan 25 '13 at 20:06
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Also, Alexander typically sold civilians to slavery - different times, different customs, a comparison is pointless. –  Yannis Rizos Jan 25 '13 at 23:16
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@T.E.D.: Not sure about that, actually. The en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Secret_History_of_the_Mongols seems to have little anti-Mongolian bias... –  Felix Goldberg Jan 26 '13 at 1:09
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Alexander also raised the city of tyre to the ground and built a new city in its place, and the burning and looting of the Persian city of Persepolis (spelling), there where also a number of small Bactrian cities/forts that refused to surrender that he killed everyone. Between civilians and military I would say somwhere between 800'000 and 1.2 million, this is just a guess though. In ancient battle a defeated force was much more likely to be completely wiped out.

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Tyre was destroyed, but Tyrian civilians were sold to slavery, not killed. Thebes is the only example (we know of) where the civilian population was slaughtered. –  Yannis Rizos Jan 28 '13 at 16:02
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