Is this true that the Soviet Army was so poorly equipped by the WW2 that soldiers had no helmets?
Don't know about helmets specifically, but in a nutshell, no. The Red Army was very well equipped; it had more airplanes and tanks (and some of them of better make) than the Germans. Same goes for many other categories of materiel.
Wikipedia gives this table for June 22, 1941:
The myth of Russian helmets is quite popular speaking not only about the beginning of the war. The truth is that even if Soviet Army had enough helmets, there were some other reasons why soldiers didn't want to use them.
First of all, they were highly uncomfortable and reduced the sight, so soldiers preferred caps. Also they were made of very poor material (don't ask me for details) and too weak to provide good cover from anything (not speaking of bullets, as there were no helmets at those times which could protect from a shot). This way especially at the end of the war, when Germans didn't have as much artillery, helmets weren't so important for Russian soldiers. Another reason I've heard about was the shiny material, which helped Germans shooters to localize Soviet soldiers from a distance.
In the queue to blame there's also Russian propaganda machine. It's said that when Soviet Army were coming to Poland, soldiers heard from everywhere that Germans are in panic and they just run away from Poland leaving everything, including helmets. This way some Russian soldiers diaries contain scenes of leaving heavy and uncomfortable helmets on the road, in order to get a new one, left by Germans. They didn't even expect to fight until they reach the German border and in many cases they were right about it. Sounds a bit like Catch 22, don't you think?
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I am surprised that nobody linked to suitable wikipedia page:
Quote from article:
Article also mentions other 2 types of helmets used in World War II (
So, the answer is no. It's a myth.
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