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As my favorite ice hockey team became the champion of Poland today, I reminded famous Battle of the Ice that took place in 1242. During the fights, forces of Alexander Nevsky managed to draw Teutonic Knights at the frozen lake Peipus, where they started to slip and in consequence, many of them drowned under the ice.

The question is, where there any other battles in history, in which the ice took such an important role?

I don't mean the usual influence of winter conditions like during Napoleon campaign or Eastern Front during World War II, but the particular case of a battle taking place on the frozen river, lake or sea.

Both land and navy battles counts.

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The Siachen glacier may be of some interest here. – Drux Mar 30 '13 at 7:40
I recall reading an article ~10 years ago that seemed to indicate that the Battle of the Ice didn't go nearly the way popular Russian historical accounts paint it. Don't recall any details, sadly. – DVK Mar 31 '13 at 2:03
@DVK quite likely it never even happened and was an invention of Stalin's propaganda machine. Historical records are rather scarce, the most "reliable" source we have is the old Eisenstein movie. – jwenting Apr 2 '13 at 12:00

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In the Kronstadt Rebellion soviet forces advanced over seasonal sea ice to attack a rebelling naval fortification.

Once again, at the Battle of Ogdensburg, during the War of 1812, British forces attacked American forces over the frozen St Lawrence river. In this case coming under artillery fire whilst on the river, which must have been interesting.

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Thanks, that will surely help me to find some inspiration for a story. :) – Darek Wędrychowski Apr 1 '13 at 23:36
@DarekWędrychowski For a story? How interesting. – Nathan Cooper Apr 2 '13 at 9:08

While not directly a scene for major combat, the Lake Ladoga ice road was vitally important to Leningrad during WW2.

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there was quite a bit of combat on the ice road, but of course only the Soviets were actually on the ice. The German forces were aircraft and artillery stationed on the land surrounding the city. – jwenting Apr 2 '13 at 12:01

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