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Hitler committed suicide in 1945, but I'm curious as to what would have happened to him if he hadn't. Did the Allies have any formal plans as to what they would do with Hitler if they caught him alive? Moreover, did the Allies agree on this plan, or would his ultimate fate have depended on which country caught him?

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Other high-ranking Nazi leaders who were captured alive were tried in war crime tribunals.. Maybe this is what they would have done to him too –  Louis Rhys Jun 21 '13 at 2:57
they would certainly have wanted that, which is one reason he suicided (so as not to be paraded before a court of Untermenschen). Of course it's quite possible he'd be lynched instead by his captors. –  jwenting Jun 21 '13 at 6:14

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up vote 13 down vote accepted

Some 22 surviving high-ranking Nazis were tried at Nurmemburg after the end of the war, per agreement between the Allied powers http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuremberg_Trials#Trial

The highest ranking of them, Hermann Goering was convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to death (alhhough he committed suicide before his execution). The same would certainly have been true of Hitler had he lived to stand trial.

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Actually, according to recently declassified records, it seems that Churchill was very much in favour of summarily executing Hitler should he be captured.

Whether this would have really become policy or remained just a bit of Churchillian bluster is impossible to tell.

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It's a matter of speculation now, but those records only give strength to the theory that Hitler would probably be executed. The Nuremberg trials also give strength to that thought: that's what happened in the end to many of the prosecuted, especially those involved in planning the Nazi war crimes. –  aenariel Jun 21 '13 at 10:20
@aenariel there's a difference between putting him up on trial and convicting him to be executed and just putting a bullet in his brain the moment he's caught... Not for the guy who ends up dead maybe, but for the world around him. –  jwenting Jun 21 '13 at 12:18
@jwenting, obviously. I'm assuming he'd be executed either way: if caught, he'd probably be shot there and then, given the hatred cultivated on his persona; but, even if he survived that, he'd probably be executed as a war criminal afterwards. Since the OP's question was on what would happen to him, I still consider my comment valid; execution would most probably be his fate. I was just expanding on Felix's comment to give substance that it wouldn't matter who captured him. –  aenariel Jun 21 '13 at 13:47

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