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Agnatic succession - as far as monarchic rule - is a way of determining the rules for the next monarch by declaring the eldest surviving child of the current monarch as the heir (typically, male child if any are alive - e.g. male primogeniture), but in rare cases going against Salic law origins, any children, like in Sweden or 21st century United Kingdom).

  1. How widespread were sizeable monarchies in Europe that didn't follow Agnatic succession?

    Wiki mentions a couple in Agnatic Seniority page, e.g. Rus' Rurikids, Poland, Anjou and Morocco for non-Europe.

  2. What about sizeable monarchies in Europe that followed Agnatic succession without male primogeniture?

    Wiki mostly mentions Sweden as an example.

  3. Same questions for non-European ones.

Please note that I'm not merely seeking individual examples not covered by the Wiki, but more interested in how widespread the situation was than in having 1-2 specific examples, and reasons for why not (Salic law?).

The time period I'm interested in is 500CE=>1800CE. - this excludes House of Saud, or Tabloid Dynasty.

By "sizeable monarchies", I mean dynasties which lasted for at least 3 generations, and controlled a territory larger than 500,000 km2 or a population over 100,000.

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Anglo-saxon England kingship was contested by major families rather than automatically to the eldest son - that doesn't start until the Normans. – none Aug 30 '13 at 0:57
@mgb - that still falls within 500CE - so feel free to expand into an answer. – DVK Aug 30 '13 at 2:39
House of Orange in The Netherlands. – Pieter Geerkens Oct 14 '13 at 18:27

The Inca chose their ruler from among the sons of the prior Inca. A group of the prior Inca's advisers, generally made up of priests but sometimes military advisers as well, selected the most qualified of the legitimate sons for the post. Because they were unable to accept any cultural norm but primogeniture for deciding inheritance the invading Spanish labeled most of the historical Incas as 'usurpers'Commentarios Reales, Garcilaso de la Vega.

Unfortunately the lack of a formal system for nomination of the new Inca terminally weakened the Empire when the military advisers in Quito selected Atahualpa to succeed Huayna Capac, while the religious leaders in Cusco selected Huascar.

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