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6
votes
2answers
191 views

What was the first map of Antarctica having a shape based on real evidence?

Antarctica was the last continent to be discovered, and the first confirmed landfall was on January 24, 1895. However, most discussions of "early" world maps seem to peter out well before that, such ...
6
votes
4answers
372 views

Why did Argentina seize South Georgia immediately prior to the Falklands invasion?

What purpose was served by Argentina's occupation of South Georgia immediately prior to the invasion of the Falklands? The famously elaborate operation, involving marines masquerading as scrap metal ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did everyone try getting to the Pole via the Ross Sea, not the Weddell Sea?

For a long time, the South Pole was one of the last great targets of explorers on Earth. There were a number of expeditions to explore the region, but for some reason, everyone who tried to reach the ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

What sort of cold weather clothing did they wear on the Ross expedition to the Antarctic?

James Ross led an early expedition to the Antarctic from 1839 to 1843, aboard the ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror. After his voyage, nearly thirty years passed before the next Antarctic expedition. ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

What did the Scott expedition feed their ponies?

During Robert Scott's British Antarctic Expedition (1910-1913), they used ponies in many cases to haul supplies across the ice. What exactly did the ponies eat? I've found many references to the ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Did any Antarctic expeditions use coal?

During the "Heroic Age" of Antarctic exploration (roughly 1890 to 1920), did any expeditions use coal as a fuel or heat source? I'm not just asking what they carried while walking in the interior, I'...
16
votes
5answers
8k views

Did Antarctica remain entirely unvisited by humans until the early 19th century?

Antarctica today is covered permanently by thick layers of ice, making it extremely inhospitable to humans. And, unlike the Arctic regions, it had no indigenous population of humans when modern man ...
9
votes
1answer
305 views

How did the Antarctic Plateau lose the kings' names it originally had?

The Antarctic Plateau was originally named by its explorers: Shackleton named it the King Edward VII Plateau, after the king of England. Amundsen named it the King Haakon VII Plateau, after the king ...