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8
votes
2answers
166 views

Was there pre-Viking European contact with the Canadian Arctic?

That there was Viking contact with the New World is well known, but any contact before that is the stuff of mere legends (like that of St. Brendan), at least so I thought. Today I read a 2008 article ...
8
votes
1answer
138 views

Has the strength of the historical-archaeological method ever been tested experimentally?

Historians routinely draw quite far-reaching conclusions about all aspects of society from archaeological artifacts and textual documents that – naturally – represent only a minuscule fraction of all ...
10
votes
2answers
250 views

Which undeciphered writing system has the largest corpus of text?

Dozens of ancient writing systems are still undeciphered. My question is: Which of them has the largest number of known inscriptions (and might thus be most accessible to future decipherment, though ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Who was the shepherd that discovered the Gobekli Tepe? [closed]

I was watching a National Geographic documentary about the famous "Göbekli Tepe". In many of the articles and in the documentary - they say it was discovered by "a shepherd" or "the shepherd" or "the ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Did Antarctica remain entirely unvisited by humans until the early 19th century?

Antarctica today is covered permanently by thick layers of ice, making it extremely inhospitable to humans. And, unlike the Arctic regions, it had no indigenous population of humans when modern man ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

Why do people still leave flowers at the Temple of Julius Caesar?

I visited Rome recently and did an audio tour through the Colosseum and Roman Forum archeological sites. In the Roman Forum there is the remains of the Temple of Caesar, where Julius Caesar was ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Could depicted items (brooch, urn, key) really be 3000 years old?

My father, who died a few years ago, has left the depicted items to me. Apparently he found them as fragments near a local hill. He had the items dated by some authority and according to that source ...
6
votes
1answer
234 views

Ancient statue I found near my place

I have found an ancient statue covered in the ground. I am from Haifa, Israel. There are no old buildings nearby. Here is its photo; I don't know what it is! I would like to know what period this ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Are “I, II, III, …” versions of archaeological versioning of layers unique to Troy?

When reading about archaeological research of Troy, one can see that archeologist distinguish between different discrete numbered layers (Troy I => Troy IX). Is that a standard approach in archeology ...
8
votes
1answer
106 views

How much of the *Iliad* was confirmed scientifically?

Obviously, one of the central facts of Homer's Iliad was confirmed when archaeologists found Troy. But were there any other details of Iliad (such as existance of Atreidae dynasty, Agamemnon actually ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Were there prehistoric interaction between Caucasian and Asian people? [closed]

Are there any documented instances of prehistoric interaction between Caucasian and Asian people? Do archeological sites such as Xiaohe Tomb complex imply there were?
6
votes
1answer
108 views

Are parts of the Sphinx older then 5000 years?

Are parts of the Great Sphinx of Giza older then 5000 years? There was a controversy about this question 15 years ago which I didn't find conclusively proven or debunked.
6
votes
3answers
260 views

Plagues in Pre-European Americas?

Are there any historical accounts that those living in the Americas encountered a plague or plagues that proved to be as devastating on the population as that of the Bubonic (black) plague in Europe? ...
11
votes
2answers
654 views

Evidence of diets that were exclusively vegetarian

What evidence, provided by archaeological anthropology, is there in regards to diets that were exclusively vegetarian by choice from Ancient history (4th millennium BC) to Classical antiquity (5th ...
11
votes
1answer
207 views

Are there examples of well known medieval battles with very little archaeological evidence?

When I was researching the history of The Battle of Kulikovo (битва на Куликовом поле), I was struck by the seemingly complete dearth of available archaeological evidence at the site of the battle ...