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12
votes
5answers
768 views

Is there any evidence that the catholic church reduced innovation during the middle ages?

I often hear that the rate of innovation was very high during ancient times in Greece and the Roman empire. I've also heard that the rate of innovation was reduced once the Catholic Church gained ...
12
votes
1answer
191 views

What were the responses to Copernicus' heliocentric theory?

Popular explanations often mention that the "Catholic Church" had a problem with Copernicus and his heliocentric theory, neglecting that even a scientific disagreement at that period would likely have ...
9
votes
1answer
359 views

What do “roses” represent in the history of Protestant vs Catholic conflict?

My history is a little rough, but I am aware that Ireland's past, particularly that of North Ireland, is wrought with conflict. I know there are multiple causes, but that -- whether as cause or excuse ...
8
votes
1answer
87 views

Did any commoners become prince-electors during the Holy Roman Empire?

Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire (962–1806) were elected by a set circle of prince-electors. Among them were both secular electors as well as the archbishops of Mainz, Trier, and Cologne. In ...
8
votes
1answer
301 views

What corrections did the Catholic church make to the Copernicus work “De revolutionibus”?

Catholic encyclopedia says: On 5 March, 1616, the work of Copernicus was forbidden by the Congregation of the Index "until corrected", and in 1620 these corrections were indicated. Nine sentences, ...
8
votes
1answer
468 views

How educated were the clergy during the Medieval period?

I understand that Latin was common language of clergy in Medieval times. I presume that bishops could read and write. There were also some monks responsible of copying books. What about "normal" ...
7
votes
2answers
448 views

What sort of Cardinals were Richelieu and Mazarin?

Cardinals can belong to one of three orders: Cardinal-deacon Cardinal-bishop Cardinal-priest. What were the ranks of Cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin?
7
votes
3answers
352 views

What was the actual motivation for the crusades? Was it political or religious?

I was just debating with a catholic acquaintance. He ascribed merit to the catholic crusades and said that many historians agreed with him. Are there any historians who believe that the crusades were ...
6
votes
4answers
205 views

Inquiry into the nature and roots of the temporal power of the Roman Catholic Pope:

The Roman Catholic Pope is head of both the Roman Catholic Church: "Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church", and a head of state: "Sovereign of the Vatican City State". Official list of Papal titles ...
6
votes
2answers
225 views

What did the Catholic Church do to promote human rights of non-christians from 1500s to mid 1900s?

Clarifications: When I say Church, I mean anybody who recognises the authority of the Pope over him. Also, I am referring to efforts on a mass scale, that is papal bulls, formal policies etc. I am not ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

What is the relevance of the Confession of Augsburg to the Colloquy at Poissy?

According the wikipedia article Colloquy at Poissy Catharine [de' Medici] appointed a smaller committee of five Calvinists and five Roman Catholics. Their task was to devise a formula on which the ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

How did St Sebastian become a gay male icon?

St Sebastian, who was an early saint and martyr killed during the Roman emperor Diocletian's persecution of Christians, is commonly referred to as a gay male icon. Wikipedia reads: British ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

What happened to the wealth of the Roman Catholic Church accumulated over the ages?

At one point in history, the Roman Catholic Church was the largest land owner in Europe. Given the power of compounding, the length of time for the compounding to take effect plus the huge principal ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Father-Presidents of the California Missions

During the Spanish Colonial period, the California missions were run by a priest with the title of Father-President (padre-presidente). I'm trying to find more information about this office, ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Who were the Catholic popes before Francis I who used names not of Latin, Greek or Jewish origin?

Who were the Catholic popes before the current Francis I who used names not of Latin, Greek or Jewish origin? Particularly, names of Germanic origin, like Francis.
3
votes
3answers
307 views

Was any pope imprisoned during his service to Catholic Church?

On 11 February 2013, the Vatican announced that Pope Benedict XVI would resign on 28 February, due to infirmity from advanced age. Earlier in the history, few popes resigned similar way, probably the ...
3
votes
2answers
314 views

Why did Catholic chruch wait for 350 years to accept “Galileo's idea”?

In 1992 Pope John Paul II officially conceded that the Earth was not stationary - it revolved around the sun The time that took to be accepted Galileo was right about the kind of relationship ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

What advantage did Napoleon gain by attacking and antagonizing the Catholic Church?

In 1796, Napoleon invaded Italy and defeated the papal army. The French troops took Pope VI prisoner and he died in captivity seven months later. The risks to a politician in antagonizing such a ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Diminishing powers of the Roman Catholic church in international matters

Before Enlightenment and Renaissance, Church or Pope had some powers which were almost same as what international organization may have. for example: After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Provinces and Dioceses in the late roman empire contrasted with those of the church

I have been frustrated by the following issue. In the structure of the late roman empire, provinces were grouped into diocese, which were in turn grouped into praetorian prefectures. The civilian ...
2
votes
0answers
122 views

Were Pope John Paul I's views anything that could imply a support for contraception? [closed]

Pope John Paul I was a short lived pope (only 33 days). There are rumours that he was assasinated. Someone told me that he was quite liberal (as catholic popes can go), and some of his ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Why were Catholic priests prohibited from participating in ordeals but allowed to participate in inquisitions?

Pope Innocent III prohibited priests from participating in ordeals during the Fourth Lateran Council, but Pope Innocent IV later allowed torture in inquisitions. What is the ideological difference?
0
votes
1answer
162 views

Which country was the first one, in which the Christian Church was separated from the state?

Which country was the first one , in which the Christian Church was separated from the state? I know it must be in Europe, but I don't know which one exactly.
-1
votes
2answers
352 views

What are the differences between actual Roman Catholicism and American Catholicism? [closed]

What are the differences between actual Roman Catholicism and American Catholicism? Please point out the historical, political, cultural and belief differences. You can also provide me with some ...
-2
votes
3answers
183 views

Hitler's Religion or Atheism [closed]

There seems to be even amongst some Historians and even this forum an unclear approach to Hitler and his Religion or the lack there of is there any clear history that establishes Hitler's religious ...
-4
votes
1answer
91 views

Is that true that somebody was punished by the Catholic Church for believing that a fly had six feet? [closed]

It is often claimed that Catholic Church punished scientists who relied on the experiment rather than just believing certain approved thinkers. As an example, it is often put forward that in one of ...