An ideology derived from socialist theory of the nineteenth century. Communism defines a condition in which socialist development has lead to the virtual elimination of economic class. This is ultimately achieved by worker ownership and control of the means of production (defined as the tools & ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
37 views

Would you explain 'development from bourgeois oppression'? [migrated]

In Marxism, the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society's inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Was Marine Corps B. Gen. Evans Fordyce Carlson — leader of the Carlson Raiders — suspected of being a communist?

Brig. Gen. Evans Fordyce Carlson is known in history as a three-time awardee of the Navy Cross, a Marine who had served in several wars as an enlisted man and officer, the co-founder of the Marine ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Did the Germans purposefully arrange to send Lenin to Russia to start a revolution?

A recent documentary, The World Wars, on the History Channel suggested, strongly, that the Imperial German government secretly arranged safe-passage for Vladimir Lenin to return to Moscow from ...
7
votes
2answers
588 views

Why is red color associated with communism?

Red color is traditionally associated with communism. You can find it at Soviet Union flag, China flag and red star is normally symbol of communist countries . Why is red color associated with ...
6
votes
2answers
100 views

Did technical managers have to join the Nazi party?

In the Soviet Union a person who was rising in technical management (say, becoming the director of a plant) was usually expected to join the Communist Party as a pre-requisite of getting the job. I ...
4
votes
1answer
208 views

What were the effects of US foreign policy in the South East Asian region in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s on states with capitalist economies?

US foreign policy in South East Asia in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s was ostensibly anti-communist. It involved civil and military action in a wide number of countries in this region. Most notably, in ...
7
votes
3answers
685 views

Why did Soviet Union economy grow fast in the 1950's-1960's?

Communist economic systems self-implode. Communism today has been recognized that it is bad for economic progress. There is no dispute that Communism makes countries poor based on what has happened in ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Why did the communist party lose in Telangana in India's first general elections?

The communist party played a key role in ending feudalism in telangana, then lost in the first general elections against Congress. How did the party deteriorate within 1 or 2 years after the end of ...
0
votes
2answers
310 views

Stalin cultivated a “Friend of the Children” image: Why? Did other communist/socialist leaders do the same?

Part of Stalin's cult of personality was his promulgation of a "Friend of the children" image. What was the reason for this? What other communist or socialist leaders also used this tactic? (I ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Does U.S. law still apply to persons who were deported to Russia in 1919 using the “Soviet Ark”?

"Attorneys General: Enforcing the Law" by Phyllis Raybin Emert, states that 249 persons, were subjected to deportation to Russia via Finland. The leaders of the deportees Alexander Berkman and Emma ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Were dissident KPD members ratted out to the Gestapo?

In her essay "Gestern Morgen", Bini Adamczak tells a story from Manes Sperbers "Wie eine Träne im Ozean." I'll paraphrase: In 1935, a member of the German Communist Party (KPD) finds himself ...
7
votes
2answers
387 views

Did Stalin believe Israel would go communist?

In Anne Applebaum's recent book Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-1956 she claims the USSR supported the new state of Israel and states "Stalin believed Israel would quickly join the ...
3
votes
3answers
406 views

Looking for a symbol for Southern USA communism

For a novel I'm writing I'm looking for a symbol, akin to hammer and sickle, that would represent a socialist republic created in Florida plus a but of Alabama and surrounding states. The hammer in ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

How independent were the Eastern European countries from the Soviet Union?

How much influence did the Soviet Union have over the other Warsaw Pact countries? Did Moscow directly control them, and direct what they did? Did they often disagree with the USSR over policy? If so, ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Kazakhstan and anti-capitalism in the 1990s

What drove anti-capitalist sentiments from Kazakh intellectuals and economists in the 1990s following the collapse of the Soviet Union? It is my understanding that Kazakhstan was a low level ...
-4
votes
3answers
460 views

Did Gorbachev say that his intention was to destroy Communism?

As I remember the 1980s and the Perestroika epoch, the reforms were advertised to the people as "return to Leninist principles", even deeper implementation of Socialism. The posters claimed it was ...
0
votes
4answers
238 views

How far should I go back in Russian History in order to understand Communist Russia? [closed]

I'm writing a story and need information on the Russian communist rule because I'm writing a book about a government much like that of communist Russia, specifically focused on a police state ...
5
votes
2answers
212 views

What was the reaction of Western Communist Parties to Kruschev's 1956 speech denouncing Stalin?

I am also curious about the reactions of left-leaning intellectuals (aka "fellow-travellers").
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Was the IMF complicit in destroying the Romanian economy?

Wikipedia claims that despite the unprecedented growth of Romanian industry and food and production at the rate of 22% per year, Romania experienced serious shortage of food and petrol in the late 80s ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Credibility of “Mao: The Unknown Story” [closed]

I was reading a controversial book, Mao: The Unknown Story by Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, and found it quite biased. However, they cite a variety of sources to back up their information. Therefore, I ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

How would one have gone about setting up a business during Communist Revolutionary China?

In 1966, Mao Zedong launched a movement towards Socialism, to, solidify his power after a disastrous Great Leap Forward, called the Cultural Revolution. Though the movement moved towards a total ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

When did the Vietnam War start?

I embarrassingly don't know much about the history of the Vietnam War. I would like to learn more about the war, but I can't figure out when exactly the war started and ended. World War 2 was from ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

Did Leon Trotsky get stopped by authorities in Halifax?

In Antony C. Sutton's book Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution he argues that Leon Trotsky was given $10,000 in New York. ...
4
votes
2answers
727 views

How did the Chinese Self-Criticism work in practice?

During the Maoist era often "enemies" were put through "self-criticisms" where they needed to note where they were in error and how they strayed from the party. I've seen multiple records of this in ...
6
votes
1answer
96 views

Why Was the Republican Government of Spain So Slow to React to the Nationalist Revolt?

I have been reading the Battle for Spain by Antony Beevor. One of the arguments the author makes is that the first 48 hours of the July 17th military uprising was the most vital period in which a ...
8
votes
1answer
271 views

How Successful Were the International Brigades?

During the Spanish Civil War (1936 to 1939) to what extent did the International Brigades play a role in fighting the fascists coup? My understanding is that they were a relatively minor element, ...
-1
votes
6answers
821 views

What was the reason of extreme anti-Communism in the first half of 20th century? [closed]

It is often alleged that a grand part in the success of the Nazi and fascist movements in Europe was their hard-line anti-Communism. Thy used anti-Communist sentiments to gain popularity and even many ...
7
votes
2answers
301 views

What sources or documentation exists to indicate Stalin's level of popularity in Russia today?

migrated from comments http://history.stackexchange.com/a/1710/682 To what extent is Stalin still loved and/or respected by Russians (and for extra points former USSR states) while articles like ...
4
votes
7answers
1k views

Are there any communist leaders without a record of acts we consider as a crime (against humanity)? [closed]

I have taken an interest in dictators a while ago, especially communist dictators and the Cold War in general. As I read through the articles throughout time about these individuals, it came to me ...
1
vote
4answers
553 views

Correlation between capitalism/democracy and communism/dictatorship?

Some people often equate capitalism with democracy and communism with dictatorship, is this necessarily true? What are good examples and counter-examples of these associations? Should kingdoms etc. ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What was Lenin's major criticism of or differences with Marx?

I'm interested in what specific differences in Lenin's writing might address what he perceived to be the shortcomings of Marx's work. Wikipedia is weak on this topic.
12
votes
4answers
244 views

Why were the Prague Spring leaders treated more leniently than Nagy and his colleagues?

Following the Warsaw Pact's 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia the lead Czech reformer Alexander Dubček was dismissed and given a lowly job with the forestry commission. A decade or so earlier, the ...
5
votes
1answer
118 views

What unique personal experiences contributed to the formation of Mao's brand of Communism?

Political scientists cite his personal attributes and exposure to the proletariat as synergistic in the formation of his doctrine. What particular experiences in Mao Zedong's formative years ...