Questions pertaining to a series of military campaigns sanctioned by the Pope in an effort to restore Christian control of the Holy Lands. These campaigns were spread out over a period dating from around 1095 through 1290.

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In England, how many Jews died during the persecutions of the crusades during 1190-1200?

As is well known Steven Runciman, a British historian known for his work on the Middle Ages, definitively clarified what the Holy War had been: "The Holy War itself was nothing more than a long act of ...