Questions which concern the historical management, distribution, and usage of resources; why a particular resource, or state of production, occurred in a certain way.

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What Were the Primary Causes of 15th to 19th Century British Chartered Companies' Failures?

A Wikipedia list suggests that the earliest deemed English chartered trade monopoly organization was The Company of Merchant Adventurers of London in 1407 and presumably most, if not nearly all, ...
22
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4answers
386 views

How would you accurately use older British currencies when writing a story?

For writing a story set in Napoleonic Wars era, how should one use the currencies accurately? I read in novels they use currencies like shilling, pound, guinea, sovereign, four (or six-, etc) pence, ...
12
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4answers
2k views

Did anyone warn about the potential for stock market crashes in 1929, and if so why were their warnings ignored?

I can't seem to find information about economists, or others, warning about the overheated stock market of the 1920s in the US that would culminate in the stock market crashing on Black Thursday, ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Was the Stock Market Crash of 1929 a cause or result of the Great Depression?

Did the Stock Market Crash of 1929 effectively cause the Great Depression, or were there economic factors already in place at that time such that the Greet Depression would have happened anyway, and ...
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1answer
152 views

At the end of the Seven Years War, what was the total amount of gold and silver in Britain?

The Seven Years War ended in 1763. At that time, how much gold and silver existed inside Britain? This would include the British Treasury as well as any personal gold/silver of the nobility and ...
39
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6answers
2k views

Has a state ever “attacked” another one by printing fake money?

Has any state ever performed an "economic attack" against another state, by printing fake money of the victim's currency? Or, is it known if someone ever considered doing it, and which were the ...
6
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2answers
190 views

What were the factors behind the lowest AAA corporate interest rate in U.S bond history during 1946?

https://www.quandl.com/data/MOODY/AAAYLD-Aaa-Corporate-Bond-Yield The lowest AAA corporate bond yield in U.S history happened in 1946 based on the quandl chart above. Amazingly, it was even lower ...
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5answers
678 views
3
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2answers
115 views

Other than coffee and tobacco what major product became Cuba's source of wealth in the 18th century?

How did the Industrial Revolution affect the production of this commodity? What, if any, affect did the Great Depression have on the industry?
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1answer
249 views

How dependent was Nazi Germany on Iron ore from Sweden?

From the wiki article on Swedish iron mining during WW2, there are a lot of uncited claims. I'll quote the most outstanding of them here: In the year before the war, Germany received 22 million ...
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5answers
868 views

Does History confirm that prosperity, capitalism, and some form “democracy” or representative republican form of government always go hand in hand?

Many historians, politicians and economists find a link between the economic success of a nation and its form of government. For example, the idea that the USA's form of government was responsible ...
6
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1answer
651 views

Was electricity free in the Soviet Union?

Did people receive free electricity in their homes in the Soviet Union? If so, how was it rationed out? Were there any quotas on how much you could use?
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0answers
39 views

Did Napoleon Hill really have a friendship with Andrew Carnegie?

In many of his books, the positivity guru and author of Think and Grow Rich, said he was an understudy of Andrew Carnegie in which he learned his principles of business and wrote about them in his ...
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1answer
84 views

How would British counterfeiting efforts in the revolutionary war have inflated the American currency? [closed]

During the revolutionary war one of the British's espionage tactics was to flood the American market with counterfeit currency to cause mass runaway inflation. But how would that have worked? I don't ...
45
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10answers
23k views

How did Nazi Germany finance itself during WW2?

How did Nazi Germany finance itself during the war? They produced a large amount of war material during 1939-1945, but how was this production financed? What were Germany's revenue streams that ...
4
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2answers
208 views

Why did Germany have so many important scientists and thinkers around the turn of the 20th century?

I got an impression that Germany at the turn of the 20th century had a lot of very important thinkers and scientists, who created foundation for lots of modern theories and philosophical concept. ...
1
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1answer
79 views

What were the largest European Treasuries, in gold and silver, at the end of the Seven Years War?

From a related question, I'm now looking to compare the size of European Treasuries as they existed at the end of the Seven Years War (1763). I'm only interested in gold and silver that existed in ...
3
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1answer
182 views

Nazi-Germany unemployment?

It's said that the unemployment was virtually non-existent in Nazi Germany. What factors led to such a drastic reduction of unemployment? Are there comparable examples of other industrial nations ...
12
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2answers
2k views

How did the Germans get homes again after WWII?

After a large number of homes were destroyed in the war, how did the average German become a homeowner again? I know about the Marshall Plan, but this question does not refer to how the economy in ...
2
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1answer
296 views

What was the rationale behind restrictions on Camera ownership in post-war Germany?

According to the accepted answer to this question: There are very few photographs from occupied Germany because it was illegal for >Germans to own cameras and similar regulations were enforced to ...
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4answers
140 views

How does the cost-benefit relationship of owning a horse differ today from the Middle Ages or Early Industrial Revolution?

If I were to be gifted a horse nowadays, I would've been pissed. I would have to spend a lot of money in its food, in a blacksmith for horseshoes, grooming, cleaning his box, the rent of his box, ...
3
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2answers
142 views

What was the price of a horse around 1750?

I'm looking for the average price of a horse, in British Pounds, around the year 1750. I'm interested in draft horses (they pull carts), not riding horses, but the difference in price between those ...
2
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0answers
105 views

Where can I get information used to make soviet economic plans?

One of the information used by Gosplan to create plans was a list of commodities and relationships between them, i.e. what things were required to produce other things. I managed to find higher level ...
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2answers
231 views

Why were the some “New Deal” programs cancelled in the beginning of WWII?

I was reading a textbook on U.S and the time period of WWII. I have read that the New Deal programs like Works Progress Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps, National Youth Administration. The ...
14
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2answers
539 views

Were US exports in the early 1800s paid for with metal or with paper?

In the early 1800s, when people in the US exported goods to Europe, how were those goods paid for? What did the buyers actually send back on ships crossing the Atlantic to pay for the goods? I can ...
18
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2answers
740 views

How much of an impact did the Roman emperors' civil wars have on their decision to debase the coinage?

From Adrian Goldsworthy's How Rome Fell: "Civil war remained a common event, ...the economy collapsed, as successive emperors massively devalued the coinage to pay for their wars." Other sources say ...
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2answers
588 views

Compulsion for Germany to accept the Treaty of Versailles?

At first it is difficult to understand why Germany would have accepted the Treaty of Versailles. The armistice had been agreed upon 11 November 1918 and was explicitly based on the terms of Wilson's ...
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1answer
93 views

Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America in 1920 [closed]

I need help with these factors: Political Economic Social/Cultural in these continents/areas: Africa Asia Europe Latin America (not North America) in 1920. Thanks for your help! I need to ...
9
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3answers
3k views

Why is Alexander Hamilton considered the father of modern banking?

I've been hearing the phrase recently that Alexander Hamilton is considered the "father of modern banking", but haven't really come up with any explanation or definition that I can really understand ...
5
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4answers
563 views

How did South Korea become one of the most developed nations on Earth? [closed]

What I've learnt from South Korean history (roughly, from one of my liberal arts classes) is that because of their geographical disadvantage, they were invaded by China and Japan numerous times in the ...
2
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1answer
206 views

What is the equivalent buying power of one 1945 Reichsmark in 2016 Euros?

Inspired by this question How much is one 1945 German Mark to one 2016 Euro?, for example how many Reichsmark would I need to buy a loaf of bread and how many Euros compared to that?
4
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0answers
197 views

Did defeated countries pay their war bonds? [closed]

This related question approaches how beneficial war bonds were to US during WWII. I would like to know what happen with war bonds when a country is defeated. What did happen in similar experiences? ...
15
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2answers
14k views

What was the actual value of tea destroyed during the Boston Tea Party?

I'd like to know 2 or 3 of the following 3 metrics: Actual value in the currency of the time (yes I realize that there were local currencies and in general FX concept was... hard to do). NPV (...
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2answers
816 views

How can the value of older currencies be expressed in modern units? How is the conversion rate calculated? [duplicate]

We can pretty often read something like.. "He owned this sum of silver/gold which is equal to this sum of dollars in our time." But how is this calculated? How can you know what a 1000 dollars was in ...
14
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1answer
566 views

Who was the richest person in the world at the start and end of WW2?

Who was the richest person in the world when the World war II started and when it ended? Was it the same person? If so, how did the war years affect his wealth?
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2answers
180 views

Did the cost ineffectiveness the V2 and V1 rocket program actually matter to the Nazis? [closed]

I've been doing a fair bit of research about the V2 rockets lately, and frequently came across the comment that the V2 and V1 rocket program was hugely cost inefficient, but did it really matter to ...
-1
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1answer
149 views

How did WWII change the GDPs of the great empires of the world?

According to wikipedia some of the greatest European empires seemed to peak in GDP in 1938. I assume that it was WWII that caused declines in the GDPs of these empires. If this indeed the case, then ...
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1answer
179 views

Apart from the obvious ones, what were a single free woman's job options in the U.S. in the end of the 18th Century? [closed]

Suppose she was thirty and still single. For one reason or another her parents could no longer support her. She could be: a governess a seamstress a prostitute a laundress a housekeeper a cook ...
17
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2answers
1k views

Was slavery really on the way out in the antebellum USA?

Gail Jarvis, in an encomium to the Dunning School writes: William A. Dunning fervently opposed slavery but his reading of the trends of the times led him to the conclusion that the institution ...
2
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0answers
124 views

What major company bought all the paint of another company in the 20th century?

I read somewhere about a company that in a brilliant business hack, bought all the paint of another company, and sold it in what became a key moment in the company's history. Was it Walmart in its ...
-1
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1answer
181 views

What were the primary historical “ingredients” of German fascism?

What in the historical literature are most often cited as the "ingredients" of modern fascism, apart from the rise of some charismatic Hitler-type leader? Examples in the German case might ...
7
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2answers
498 views

Did the Nazis have any unique or especially effective economic policies?

The Nazi rule in Germany is associated with (among many, many other things) a sudden and powerful economic resurgence. This is especially impressive since it happened in a country that was ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Where did Japan get their oil during WWII?

To my understanding the United States was the largest exporter of oil to the Japanese prior to Pearl Harbor. The Japanese islands aren't known for their oil fields. It's also believed that the attacks ...
3
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2answers
98 views

How common were professional musicians before the advent of recorded music?

I was talking to some economist friends about the future of the music business if musicians couldn't earn any money outside of live performances and swag sales, and I proposed that we could use the ...
10
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1answer
519 views

Did Japan make a contribution to World War II way out of proportion to its nominal relative GDP? [closed]

I was surprised to read these 1938 figures (admittedly estimates) of 1938 GDP for the major combatants of World War II. In round figures, the U.S. had $85 billion, the Germans $42 billion, Britain $...
42
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4answers
9k views

Where did Hitler get the funds to invest in economic development programs such as the autobahn when the German economy was in a depression?

Where did Hitler get the funds to invest in economic revitalization programs such as the autobahn and weapons' production when the German economy was in a depression?
2
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2answers
348 views

Why was a gold standard not stipulated in the U.S. Constitution? [closed]

It is a known fact that some of the founding fathers wanted to limit the power of the federal government. I have heard it said on the History Channel that one of the ways they did this was by ...
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4answers
9k views

When and where was salt as valuable as gold?

I have often heard that gold and salt were sometimes considered of equal value. When and where did that occur?
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2answers
3k views

Gap between poor and rich in the Roman Empire

Was the difference in purchasing power between the poor and the wealthy in the Roman Empire, greater than or less than than the difference between rich and poor people in modern western economies? ...
14
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3answers
8k views

How heavily were the British taxing their American colonies?

The British levied several taxes on the American Colonists (13), which were at least part of the reason for the American Revolution. Were the British taxing the 13 colonies for more money than was ...