Historiography is the study of, and the practice of, writing history. History is the result, and historiography is the method. History asks, "Why, how, who, when;" Historiography asks, "Why write history, how is history written, who writes histories, when is a history obsolete?"

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14
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2answers
627 views

What do historians do when there are no sources?

Historians rapidly come up against absence sources: the documentary record of the past is by its nature fragmentary, selective, partial and obtuse. What strategies do historians use when there are ...
20
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2answers
343 views

When did the use of fabricated speeches in historical works go out of fashion?

In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides includes a number of made up speeches based upon "what was called for in each situation". While this is frowned upon in modern histories, it seems ...
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2answers
85 views

Are historians required to memorize or be knowledgeable of every significant event in history? [on hold]

Undergraduate history students are usually required to complete different courses spanning from ancient Egypt to the Cold War. But given the vastness of history, it is impossible to memorize and keep ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Should you be pedantic about the clerical errors you see in a History reference book? [closed]

I'm currently studying History in a distance learning school where the primary mode of instruction is through online delivery of academic materials called modules. My concern is that most of these ...
3
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2answers
141 views

Theoretical approaches to History

Are there theories of approaches to history, or styles of history, insofar as the subject is taught at schools and universities? For example, E. P. Thompson seems to favour a Marxist interpretation ...
-2
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2answers
421 views

Historiography of the black death [closed]

Most of the primary sources from that time attributed it to Jewish well poisoining. When did the currently popular theory of the black death develop?
14
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2answers
2k views

Has history mistreated Nero?

Nero is (wrongly) "known" as the Emperor who "fiddled while Rome burned." But he did kill a number of prominent people, including his own mother. He is treated by much of history as a psychopath, and ...
13
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4answers
736 views

Does Chinese history really span the past 5000 years?

Chinese kids the world over are frequently taught that there is "5000 years of Chinese history". What basis is there for this claim?
2
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2answers
295 views

Napoleon Research Paper Structure [closed]

I'm writing a research paper on Napoleon; on how his tactics make him the best military general of all time There are many battles I could use that illustrate his tactical prowess, but I am not sure ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Did Napoleon Hill really have a friendship with Andrew Carnegie?

In many of his books, the positivity guru and author of Think and Grow Rich, said he was an understudy of Andrew Carnegie in which he learned his principles of business and wrote about them in his ...
-1
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1answer
42 views

A book collating world events? [closed]

I saw on a TV programme a couple of years ago, about a book that would be updated every few years highlighting all kinds of significant news and happenings from around the world. I seem to remember it ...
14
votes
8answers
1k views

How to rebut Holocaust denial argument?

I came across a Holocaust denier who claims that there is a plaque outside Auschwitz which says that the Nazis murdered 1.5 million people there (mostly Jewish). However, the plaque used to say 4 ...
3
votes
3answers
114 views

What makes studying science different from studying the history of science?

Put differently, do science historians need to explain, say, the discovery of thermodynamics in a mathematically rigorous manner like a physicist would? Or can they omit the highly technical aspects ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Are quantitative or mathematical methods becoming more dominant in the 21st century historical research? [closed]

Most people think that history is all about reading important events in the form of a story or narrative. Rarely do they associate the study of history with mathematics or any quantitative ...
5
votes
2answers
438 views

What do we know ***historically*** about Jesus?

How do historians study the events of Jesus' life, and the person he was? I read a book on the topic, and it held the position that the gospels were revised to appease the Romans - especially the ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

When studying about the history of, say, Philippines, is it generally better to prioritize the works of Filipino Historians than foreign historians?

Understanding the local culture and language is an essential part of studying a country's history. Does this mean that the works of local scholars, generally speaking, deserves more attention than ...
0
votes
4answers
5k views

Is there any evidence that the book of Isaiah was written before Cyrus?

The OT Prophet Isaiah lived in the 8th-century BC. Cyrus, the Emperor of Persia, lived well over one hundred years later: Cyrus (580-529 BC) was the first Achaemenid Emperor. Yet The Book of Isaiah in ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

How does Upton Sinclair's The Jungle contribute to Historiography?

I know Upton Sinclair was not a Historian, however his work The Jungle has had a significant impact on how society views industry standards, regulations, government agency's, etcetera. There are broad ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Questions historians ask that non-historian enthusiasts don't?

Long-time history buff looking to take my game to the next level, so to speak. I am interested both in writing historical/alt-history fiction and maybe doing some podcasts on historical phenomena I ...
6
votes
2answers
618 views

How can we be sure that a certain historical claim is true and accurate?

The study of history heavily relies on textual records, which are, to some extent, value-laden or subjective. Worse still, since peer-review was not a strict practice in the past, it is fairly ...
6
votes
1answer
157 views

What major approaches to “class” as a theoretical category do historians commonly use?

"Class" is a set of connected, but not identical, theoretical approaches to social division in human societies, including past human societies. Historians regularly make use of "class" in their ...
12
votes
4answers
758 views

I'm reading The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. What should I watch out for?

I am currently reading William L. Shirer's The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. I find it an interesting take on Nazi Germany, particularly with its emphasis on the viewpoints afforded by the Foreign ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

How to cite sources in a way thats translateable

When I'm in a discussion with a fellow from a different language background and we both don't speak the language of our primary source, but both refer to translations to our native languages, How ...
11
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1answer
3k views

Did Hongwu Emperor flay 5000 women, and why?

On Wikipedia, there is a snippet that reads: The Hongwu Emperor flayed many servants, officials and rebels.[5][6] In 1396 he ordered the flaying of 5000 women.[7] The problem is that the second ...
-4
votes
2answers
256 views

German invasion of Poland details

In this Hitler speech: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tran_0-lC5c Hitler claims that during the conflict with Poland, he gave orders to the Luftwaffe to commit the war in a "humane manner" IE: ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How do historians deal with Historical Bias?

A while ago while watching Crash Course World History, John Green mentioned how Alexander the Great died from the flu despite many people from that time claiming that he died in battle (because this ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

History of native cultures in America

What are some of the risks of relying on their accounts when studying the history of Native cultures?
9
votes
5answers
3k views

Is there any research explicitly contradicting facts in Suvorov's “Icebreaker” book series claiming that Stalin intended to attack Hitler in 1941?

Viktor Suvorov is a somewhat famous ex-GRU spy who defected and wrote a series of books. The most (in)famous and sensational were a series of books on World War II, starting with "Icebreaker", which ...
7
votes
4answers
996 views

Where did the term “Radical Republican” come from?

Where did the term "Radical Republican" come from? I know that Radical Republicans is term for a group of Republicans in the early Republican party in the mid 1800s, but was the term used at the time ...
58
votes
5answers
3k views

How accurate or supported is Jared Diamond's “Guns, Germs, and Steel”?

Jared Diamond wrote a fascinating book that purports to explain, in a very broad way, the development of civilization. It has several explanations for the development of Eurasian civilization rather ...
7
votes
2answers
311 views

Can a source be considered 'primary' if it is not written by an eyewitness and partly based on another source?

The example I have in mind is Luke's Gospel, but the question is not about that source in particular, I'm interested in the terms 'primary' and 'secondary' in the technical sense they would be used by ...
3
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0answers
206 views

Did Henri III of France sleep with men? Did he not sleep with women?

He was the last of the Valois line. He became king illegally (according to some sources). He produced no children. He had "minions," a group of very close friends he pampered and showered with favors: ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

May I know more about the theory of “long period” - with regard to the interpretation of historical events?

In another language than English, I read something about the distinction between the theory of periodization and the theory of "long period" (if I well translate it in English, as I don't know the ...
12
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5answers
5k views

How is the discipline of History differentiated from other disciplines in social sciences or the humanities?

History is a discipline in the academy that is sometimes a social science and sometimes a humanity. However, there are many other social sciences (e.g., economics, political science) and many other ...
18
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4answers
2k views

Before the Land Bridge Theory, how was human presence in the Americas explained?

The Land Bridge Theory argues that humans crossed over to Alaska from Siberia, via a land bridge created by glaciation. The theory developed in the 1930s and became the popularly accepted explanation ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Which historian suggested that not building a navy would have enabled Germany to win WW1?

It seems that a writer named "Nickadie" or "Nipadie" (I did not quite understand the pronunciation) suggested that had the German Empire never built such a navy to challenge the British, and focused ...
20
votes
5answers
443 views

How to research controversial history?

I wouldn't be naming the specific examples as that might (will) needlessly divert the attention away from the question itself. Let us say I am trying to research about historical events in a region. ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views

Weird numbers and letters at the end of sections in a newspaper [closed]

At the end of each section in this newspaper (http://fultonhistory.com/Newspaper%2018/New%20York%20NY%20Morning%20Courier/New%20York%20NY%20Morning%20Courier%201852/New%20York%20NY%20Morning%20Courier%...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

When was the American War of Independence first called a 'Revolution'?

What happened in America seems to be nothing of the kind that happened in France a few years later. American Independence was all about a group of Englishmen exercising their rights under the 1688 ...
-3
votes
1answer
229 views

Why is there less public attention on the firebombing of Japan compared to its atomic bombing? [closed]

Virtually everybody has heard of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. However, the firebombing of Japan is nowhere near as well known, or talked about, at least by non-Japanese. Why is there ...
21
votes
6answers
3k views

By mid-1945, was Japan capable of maintaining the war even in the absence of further direct American attacks? [closed]

The USA went to a great effort to defeat Japan, but do historians regard it as necessary? For example if the USA had just kept the naval action going to the extent of cutting of all shipping to ...
11
votes
1answer
306 views

Why do Strabo, Pliny and Diodorus cite Pytheas in disbelief?

According to the wikipedia page on Germanic tribes, (direct quotation) The first news about the Germanic world are contained in the lost Pytheas work. It is believed that Pytheas travelled to ...
8
votes
2answers
212 views

How do historians treat gossip?

How do historians deal with information that has no other sources than gossip? I mean facts (or "facts") that are not covered by primary sources, but are widely known from gossip. Usually this ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

What does “the purpose of history is ideological” mean? [closed]

I have this question which states "How does the story of Columbus illustrate that the purpose of history is ideological?" Unfortunately, I am having trouble understanding what exactly the question is ...
7
votes
1answer
221 views

Are there any battles that have been extensively studied across the world? [closed]

Has there been any historical battle which became so universally well regarded, that military academies from across the world would would study it? Or are most military academies inherently biased ...
3
votes
3answers
369 views

Why do more historians state Rome was a superpower, than Persia? [closed]

Persian Empire was older and larger (I am not sure about this) than the Roman Empire. However, when it comes to the title of Superpower, many historians say Rome was the world first true superpower. ...
6
votes
3answers
203 views

Where can I find open historical map data?

I am building an interactive map project, that should draw a political map for any given year. Are there any open resources, that give access to such information? Maybe, as an array of points marking ...
39
votes
12answers
29k views

Is history always written by the victors?

The famous "history is written by victors" saying argues that the victors overwhelmingly influence historical accounts. Are there any examples of history written by the(or THE) losers?
14
votes
5answers
435 views

Is there a field of study which attempts to document historic experiences of ordinary individuals?

One of my interests is attempting to understand what human experiences were like for individuals in the past. I want to learn about their day-to-day lives, their fears, their aspirations and what ...
11
votes
0answers
148 views

What was the Nove / Millar debate, how is it important to the historiography of the Soviet Union?

The Nove / Millar debate was a debate amongst economic historians in the 1970s, where the Western understanding of Soviet economic development in the 1920 and 1930s was seriously revised. In ...