A country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and ...

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464 views

What is the history of standing armies in India?

Specifically, the points I am looking answers to are: 1) What is the first recorded instance of a standing army in the Indian subcontinent. 2) When did it become a general practice to have standing ...
7
votes
1answer
266 views

Where does Akbar the Great's “Great” come from?

According to Wikipedia: Akbar was accorded the epithet "the Great" due to his many accomplishments, among which was his record of unbeaten military campaigns that both established and consolidated ...
7
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3answers
365 views

Why the difference of opinion about the disappearance of Subhas Chandra Bose

A year back, Harvard professor Sugata Bose released a biography of the Indian leader Subhas Chandra Bose which claimed to lay all speculation regarding his death to rest. However, last week, a veteran ...
6
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1answer
286 views

Alexander's seizure of “Brahmin” towns

While reading, I stumbled upon references to Alexander's seizure of Brahmin towns in what would today be called Pakistan. Googling did not fetch much information, most results are just references to a ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Vedas, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas and the Science [closed]

For someone who is born in India, some of the few mythological stories we watch on tv/hear from our grandparents are Ramayana, excerpts from Mahabharata or other Vedic stories of gods, the vedic way ...
6
votes
1answer
167 views

Who started trams in Delhi?

This TOI article says ' trams started operating in Delhi on March 6, 1908, at the behest of Lord Hardinge.' But Lord Hardinge became Viceroy of India in 1910. And it was Lord Minto who was the ...
6
votes
2answers
263 views

Information about the empire of King Dahir of India?

I am trying to find some information about the empire of King Dahir of India. For example, how much area did his empire constitute and where was it generally located? If anyone could also provide a ...
6
votes
1answer
519 views

Did Mountbatten favour India in partition of India-Pakistan?

Christopher Beaumont's said that Mountbatten pressured Radcliffe to change the boundary in India's favour. See this BBC article: The documents repeatedly allege that Mountbatten put pressure on ...
6
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0answers
370 views

Did the US and Soviet navies really come close to blows in the Indian Ocean in 1971?

In December 1971, Pakistan and India were at war over what would become Bangladesh. President Nixon ordered Task Force 74, led by the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (CVN 65) and ...
5
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3answers
593 views

Historical reasons of peaceful co-existence between China and India?

It is quite interesting to observe that for millenia, two neighbouring countries, ethnically, linguistically, racially diverse and for some time religiously as well were able to co-exist for thousands ...
5
votes
2answers
576 views

Why did East India Company accept Government of India Act 1858?

In 1858, British parliament passed Government of India Act which contained provisions of liquidation of the company and transference of assets, governance to British crown. The act was going to kill ...
5
votes
2answers
267 views

Did ancient/medieval Indians produce and consume alcohol?

Are there any references to ancient or medieval Indians consuming (and producing) alcohol? And if so, what kind of alcohol was produced (i.e. wine, beer, whiskey, etc.)?
5
votes
4answers
500 views

What were the key differences between United States' and Indian revolutions?

The Thirteen Colonies and Indian subcontinent were two of the most significant colonies of the British Empire, yet the former was able to gain independence via a rebellion relatively early on, whilst ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Buddha in Ardha-Naarishvara sculpture in Badami Cave temples?

Badami caves are a series of cave-temples built between 6th and 8th century. In the first cave, dedicated to hindu god Lord Shiva, there is an image of "Ardha-Naarishvara". I was intrigued by the ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

When and why did Gujarat and Maharashtra separate?

Post-independence, when did these two states actually separate and what was the reason?
5
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2answers
113 views

Token status of the Mughal throne

The Mughal power began to decline after death of Aurangzeb. Within 30 years of his death, Mughals lost most of their South Indian possesions. New states were established by 3 prime nobles, Sadat Ali ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

When and by whom was the Tirupati Tirumala temple in India built?

India's second wealthiest temple, Tirupati Tirumala Venkateswara Temple does not seem to have a clear history about its origin. The Wikipedia entry does not provide proper details on who exactly built ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Why did the the East-Pakistanis oppose Urdu as their national language while Indians accepted Hindi as theirs?

In 1947, Both India and Pakistan were given independence from Britain. India was able to establish Hindi as its national language with minimal problems. Pakistan on the other hand, was created with ...
4
votes
1answer
269 views

Cannabis in ancient Vedic Soma, are there any sound historical proofs?

Michael Wood says in his documentary The Story of India first episode: Soma is still used as a medicine in Central Asia. The active element in the plant is ephedrine, and the effect that it has, ...
4
votes
2answers
302 views

What wiped the Buddhism traces from Kerala History?

I have been told and taught that,Keralam like all the south Indian states,was a destination of Buddhism. But I see literally no traces of Buddhism here now.I would like to know what actually happened ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What evidence supports the claim that Shivaji's father was Muslim?

Professor James Laine wrote a biography of an Indian historical figure named Shivaji. The book was outlawed for a number of years but later the Supreme Court of India unbanned it. There are various ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

What was the exact time of announcement of Indian independence?

Unanimously, India achieved its independence on 15th August 1947. Of course, to say the exact time would be, a bit difficult. However, what time did they begin to address the nation to announce its ...
4
votes
2answers
300 views

How many Britons lived in India during the British Raj (1858 - 1947)?

How many Britons lived (not just visited shortly) in India during the British Raj (1858 - 1947)? There might be two answers, both of them interesting: The amount of Britons in India over time - ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

India without British Rule

What was India like before there was any British rule and it was colonized? Was it united as a single country? Was it among the third world developing countries? What was its economic, social and ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

Where is the Hindu law/instruction of Cremation?

Coming from the northern half of India, I assumed that Hindus were all cremated. In the southern half of the country, I was surprised to find many Hindu burial grounds. Subsequent searches showed many ...
4
votes
1answer
269 views

Have atheists ever been persecuted in India?

Have atheists ever been persecuted in India? Wikipedia article on persecution of atheist has nothing about India, and google did not throw up anything useful.
4
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1answer
220 views

How much did Shah Jahan spend on Taj Mahal?

I have watched(on TV) that the spending on Taj Mahal was so huge that it brought misery to the kingdom. So how much did Shah Jahan actually spend?(in whichever monetary unit you think is ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council: Listed by India from when to when?

From when to when has the Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council been on India's list of organizations declared as terrorist organizations? Wikipedia says it started on 16 November 2000 but the ...
4
votes
3answers
364 views

What was the name of Delhi during the period of Akbar ruling in parts of India?

Jallaudin Akbar ruled some parts of India. During his empire he had Delhi (Modern day state) as his capital, but it was known by some other name. What was the name that was used for the capital ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

What was the size of the Chola Empire's navy under Raja Raja Chozhan I?

Raja Raja Chola I was an Indian emperor from around the 11th century. He created an empire in South India through conquest, including naval campaigns. He was able to conquer Sri Lanka and the Maldives ...
4
votes
3answers
30k views

Jodhaa Bai as Emperor Akbar's wife?

Was Jodhaa bai the elder daughter of Rajput King Bharmal actually emperor Akbar's wife ?? Various texts refer to her as Mariam and Jahangir's mother, the successor of Akbar. Well, The Jahangirnama ...
4
votes
4answers
6k views

Why are the democracies of France, Israel and India rated “Flawed Democracies”? [closed]

What does the term "Flawed Democracy" actually mean? Why are some of the world's successful democracies like France, Israel and India rated "Flawed Democracies" by the Economist Intelligence Unit?
3
votes
6answers
592 views

What went wrong with India's scientific development as a society?

India had been among the "leaders" in scientific research spanning Mathematics, Medicine, Chemistry and others. ...
3
votes
3answers
384 views

Why didn't Gengis Khan invade India? [closed]

Gengis Khan conquered more land than anyone else but after looking at a map of the Mongolian empire I noticed he never invaded India Why might he have chosen not to do so?
3
votes
3answers
174 views

Was it impossible for the Germans to arrange a plane to East Asia for Subhas Bose?

Bose's journey from Germany to Singapore by submarine was a well-remarked incident of World War II history. But what was the need for the Germans or the Italians to use a submarine to transfer a ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Why did the communist party lose in Telangana in India's first general elections?

The communist party played a key role in ending feudalism in telangana, then lost in the first general elections against Congress. How did the party deteriorate within 1 or 2 years after the end of ...
3
votes
2answers
520 views

Was India's independence inevitable after Cripps Mission?

In 1942, the British government had sent Sir Stafford Cripps to negotiate with the Congress. According to most sources (though this was not made public at that time), the Cripps Mission had proposed ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

In medieval India, was there a distinction between the army and the police?

In medieval India, who was responsible for maintaining law and order? Was it the army or was there a separate arm of the state that was responsible for law and order, something akin to a modern police ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Is the Sandracottus genus of beetles named after Chandragupta Maurya?

(I'm not sure where I should be asking this question. Please move if/as appropriate.) Sandracottus (or Sandrokottos) is how the Greeks knew the Indian emperor, Chandragupta Maurya. But it also ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

What compelled Benjamin Disraeli to label 1857 revolt as a “National Revolt”?

It is still debated whether the Indian Rebellion of 1857 in British India was just a soldiers' mutiny or a National revolt for the independence. But in July 1857, in House of Commons, Benjamin ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Who ruled India when the Abbasid ruler Harun al-Rashid was the Caliph of Baghdad?

Who ruled India when the 5th Abbasid ruler Harun Al-Rashid was the Caliph of Baghdad? How many rulers were there in Indian subcontinent? Which areas did they rule?
3
votes
1answer
222 views

Where did Bishop Heber meet Bhagwan Swaminarayan?

When Bishop Heber came to know about Bhagwan Swaminarayan, he wanted to have a meeting to discuss various matters. Where did this meeting take place?
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Other examples of Enclave created for protection of a Mixed Race

McCluskieganj/McCluskiegunj was a town created out of several villages to secure a place for Anglo-Indians. Disambiguation: By Anglo-Indians I mean it in the way it has been used since the Indian ...
3
votes
0answers
282 views

Why are Indian states divided based on the native language spoken? [closed]

All the Indian states are divided on the basis of language the native people speak such that each state has a native language which is not well spoken in other states. Is this kind of division ...
2
votes
3answers
462 views

What options India had other than getting its independence from Britain? [closed]

When India took its independence, the socioeconomic scenario of the world had already been changed. Britain did not have the resources left to keep control of India any more, Britain was in need of a ...
2
votes
2answers
347 views

Were the borders of British India deliberately poorly demarcated?

In India (at least), the British authorities demarcated its borders in a very poor way. For example: Siachen was neither given to Pakistan nor to India. Aksai Chin was not demarcated; they ...
2
votes
1answer
421 views

Was Tajmahal Tejo Mahal?

History says that the Taj Mahal was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. However, I've also read many stories claiming that it was a Lord Shiva temple earlier. ...
2
votes
2answers
444 views

Why weren't Harappan homes built of stones?

I was reading about the Harappan (Indus valley) civilization, their architecture, in my History book when I came across this line: Stones were not used in building houses. Seriously? Why? What ...
2
votes
2answers
907 views

What evidence is there that Jesus went to India?

Do we have any historical evidence that Jesus visited India? What is the evidence and the source for the belief held by many people in India that the Roza Bal shrine is the tomb of Jesus?
2
votes
1answer
403 views

Why did the Indian National Congress fail to convince Indian minorities to support united India

While much has been discussed about the British policy of divide-and-rule while governing India (and other colonies), another fact that has not received the same attention is the enormous support ...