Questions relating to the events in Japan during in the late 1860s which led to the restoration of imperial rule with the overthrow of the Tokugawa Shogunate. This ushered in the Meiji period (approximately 1868-1912) of Japanese history.

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When and why was the samurai class abolished?

I am aware the Emperor Meiji abolished the Samurai class during the reformation. Why did he do so? How was it enforced?
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Why did Meiji consider switching from Japanese to English?

During the Meiji restoration, the Emperor sought to switch Japan's national language from Japanese to English. Why was that? Why, ultimately, was it unsuccessful? The Role of English and Other ...