Prehistory is the span of time of before written history. It often refers to the period of human existence, but in broader terms also includes all time preceding this.

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18
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2answers
439 views

How does Göbekli Tepe fit into the current picture of society development?

Göbekli Tepe is a huge archaeological site in Eastern Turkey, currently under excavation (make sure you click on "Pictures"). It is one of the oldest architectural complexes in the world, possibly the ...
11
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2answers
457 views

Have the current polar ice caps receded further than those that existed before the beginning of the last Ice Age?

Has science been able to determine from the geologic record how our current ice caps compare to those that existed before before the beginning of the last Ice Age? If so, how do they match up? (I ...
11
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4answers
3k views

Has the existence of a matriarchal society really been discredited?

I always thought that there was proof of the existence of matriarchal society in the ancient times but apparently, according to Wikipedia this hypothesis is mostly discredited today. Why? Wiki cites: ...
8
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1answer
202 views

Megafauna extinctions

If you have read Jared Diamond's works, you already know the question. There is a coincidence between planetary scale climate change, human settlement and megafauna extinctions. From giant kangaroos ...
7
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4answers
338 views

What is the oldest verifiably correctly translated written work?

How old is the oldest written work where we have translated what is written on it in correctly that is verified? Sigh. I've tried writing that sentence in a way that is understandable and am having ...
6
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2answers
816 views

Why are there no dogs pictured in paleolithic cave paintings?

It has been described before that the occurence of raindeers is strangely low, while this was the main food source. But isn't it even stranger for dogs? Recent genetic research suggest that dogs were ...
6
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1answer
152 views

Who is responsible for the oldest known calendar?

What is the oldest known calendar? Where exactly was it developed? Who was responsible for its creation?
5
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2answers
1k views

What did early humans do with their long hair? [closed]

What did early humans do with their hair? Surely once it got too long it would've become a hindrance, obscuring vision as well as getting caught in plants. Did they do anything to manage it or not?
5
votes
3answers
509 views

Did people have better nutrition before agriculture?

A lot of proponents of new diets, e.g. Paleo, Primal, Atkins argue that grains have made people unhealthier and life expectancy was much better before the transition to agriculture. Some research ...
4
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2answers
186 views

What caused women lose their access to the resources and become a part of man's possessions with the start of agriculture era?

I'm reading the book SEX AT DAWN: the prehistoric origins of modern sexuality, the book suggests that in prehistoric times, when homo sapiens were just foraging on the earth, the relation between men ...
4
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2answers
236 views

Were there more than 4 River Valley Civilizations? [closed]

If you graduated U.S. Public School education system(k-12), you might have learned about the 4 great River Valley Civilizations: Indus, HuangHe, Nile, Euphrates. They were basically the birthing ...
4
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2answers
82 views

Why does the Ħaġar Qim seem to have drilled holes / pitted dots on its stoneworks?

Does anyone has idea/knowledge, why neolithic temple stones would have these small holes? They are facing to sun, other side of the stones is flat. Smaller object were drilled all over, not just one ...
4
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2answers
262 views

What was the main diet of pre-agricultural Asians?

The modern Asian diet is based mostly around rice. Was rice a major part of the paleolithic Asian diet? Did they know how to process and eat rice before agriculture? Aside from meats, what were other ...
4
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0answers
63 views

How and when did gold achieve its cultural role? [duplicate]

How and when did gold achieve its cultural role? My assumption is that before some point there is no evidence for a human affinity for gold— and then there is. What happened? Do any other species ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

How did first humans build tools? [closed]

I'm referring this question in this way and tell me if I'm wrong: The first humans were just surrounded by: rocks, trees, plants, water, sand, animals, fruits. So how just with hands, mouth, feet ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Request for ancient history video lecture references

I just read a page on the Math Stack Exchange linking pages with videos of Math lectures and would love to have a similar thing for History--hopefully that's an acceptable "question" to ask here. ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Does special perception of rhyme by humans indicate importance of poetry in prehistoric era? [closed]

Humans perceive poetry, rhyme and rhythm specifically, it produces some emotions and feelings that prose cannot do. Does this indicate an evolutionary trait that evolved under extensive use of poetry ...
3
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0answers
78 views

What distinguishes the mesolithic period from neolithic and paleolithic

It seems like neolithic is distinguishable by the fact that it involves the development of agriculture and all of the advancements that came with that. Paleolithic is a very long period that ...
3
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0answers
143 views

How come Week days in India match with Western system? [closed]

How come Week days in India synchronize with the week days in Western countries? When did this happen?
2
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1answer
192 views

Technology and status symbols that predate language [closed]

I remember distinctly reading about peoples and cultures - in, I believe, the Caucasus - that used to knap large flakes of flint into spearheads and would use them (instead of actual tools) as status ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Has anybody a complete list of Obelisks in the World?

I'm interested to see if we can build up a full list of all Obelisks around the world. It would be great to have the coordinates of each location, so I can mark them on Google Earth. Yes, I did do a ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Why are cave paintings so few and rare? [closed]

Just watched a few documentaries about cave paintings. While I acknowledge the importance of discovery, I can't help but question one simple thing - why are there so few paintings in those caves? ...
1
vote
2answers
259 views

Chinese legendary figures with European appearance [closed]

I've been fascinated by discoveries of the mummies in the Tarim basin, and this artical says About the controversy Mair has stated that: The new finds are also forcing a reexamination of ...
1
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0answers
50 views

Is the rise of domestication somehow connected to the rise of agriculture? [closed]

I have read in Homo Adaptabilis that the first domesticated animals were wolves captured by nomadic tribes. These tribes then used the wolves as hunting partners. The prey they hunted were deer, much ...
1
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0answers
103 views

Is there a process name for islanders becoming unisolated?

Basically I would like to know if there is an official term for the process which an independent island would undertake once reaching the point in societal/technological development to travel to other ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Why does the Philippines have little fossil deposits? [closed]

Is there minimal wildlife in the Philippines during pre-history? Why does the Philippines have little amount of fossil deposits? I've known that we have some mammoths that live in the area but what ...
0
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1answer
537 views

Are the Neanderthals a subspecies of Homo sapiens or not? [closed]

For some time, scientists have debated whether Neanderthals should be classified as Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, the latter placing Neanderthals as a subspecies of Homo ...
-2
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1answer
302 views

How do we derive information for civilizations from periods before record keeping? [closed]

Civilizations record their history, but how do we derive information for periods before record keeping started? How much do we know for that era of human civilization?