A Christian religious movement in Western Europe in 16th. and 17th centuries as opposition to Catholicism, the Pope and clergy.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

-3
votes
0answers
49 views

How did the public react immediately after the passing of the Act of Supremacy in 1534? [on hold]

Henry VIII enacted the Act of Supremacy in 1534, thereby making the monarch the head of the newly established Church of England. In this new church, who were the priests? Did all of the priests of ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

What was church life in England like after the act of supremacy in 1532? Did churchgoers find any change in the sacraments from day one?

Where did Henry VIII find the priests to administer the services? How were they bound? Could (or did) any priests refuse to follow the new ways? Why were only the monks targeted for dissolution? ...
9
votes
2answers
624 views

Was King Henry VIII, mid-late in his reformation campaign, motivated more by theology or absolutist drive?

King Henry VIII expended much of his rule pursuing religious reformation of England. The six articles, proposed by the Duke of Norfolk and signed by the King, essentially (not in totality but more so ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did the French nobility adopt Calvinism?

The Wikipedia article on the French Wars of Religion says that the Calvinist form of Protestantism, in particular, spread into the nobility. Now, I'd like to know why is that, and not Lutheranism for ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How did commoners in late medieval to early modern Europe learn to read?

Literacy in the early Middle Ages was very low, but as I recall, by the time of Reformation quite a lot of commoners could read. Even if they were not very good in reading and writing, by the 17th ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Counter-reformation opposing “subservience of Church to State?”

The Catholic Encyclopedia's entry on the Counter-Reformation contains the following, which I found provocative: For the principles of the Protestant Reformation are to Catholics principles leading ...
-1
votes
3answers
775 views

Why only in the last few hundred year has science and technology progressed like it has [closed]

Man has been on the Earth for millions of years. But in only the last few hundred years, science has made major advances: the average life expectancy expanded, electronics, transistors, ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

When were the 'last' pagans in northern Europe converted to christianity? [closed]

I've always found it interesting that the Reformation 'began' in Norther Europe. It strikes me that most of the various Christian sects seemed to form within different ethnic groups. So, I'm ...
29
votes
3answers
2k views

Why were there no religious wars in Poland?

During the 16th and 17th centuries, there were many religious wars in Europe. In countries, were it was very close to Rome (like Spain, Portugal, Austria, Italian states), they did not occur. In ...
5
votes
2answers
422 views

What was the significance of the term “Lollard” in describing religious dissenters? [closed]

When John Wycliffe's followers gained support from the common people, why did the church call them Lollards? What does Lollard mean? Why didn't they just call them Wycliffites?
7
votes
2answers
482 views

Why did Huldrych Zwingli and Martin Luther stand for clerical marriage?

Was it an original idea of theirs? Or was it about the legitimization of an already existing custom? For example, Heinrich Bullinger's father was a married dean already in 1504 due to an unofficial ...