I am currently reading Ludwig von Mises' Human Action and find it rewarding in various ways. For instance, von Mises points out the following about volunteers' roles even around autocratic rulers: ...
I've found that speaking of the first woman ruler in history, most common materials (like Wikipedia or Britannica) point at the Egyptian pharaon Hatshepsut, living in the 16th century BCE. As a source ...
I am looking for examples of absolute rulers who voluntarily resigned their power. To get the ball going, here are two from Roman history: Sulla Diocletian. Chandragupta Maurya Jigme Singye Wangchuk ...