The United States of America is a nation-state stretching across North America between Canada and Mexico, plus Alaska in the continent's northwest, the mid-Pacific archipelago of Hawaii and several territories in the Pacific & Caribbean. Founded by European émigrés rebelling from British control in ...

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When was federal sovereign immunity in the U.S. established?

Lawsuits against the federal government can be dismissed under the doctrine of sovereign immunity. For example, Al Haramain Islamic Foundation v. Obama was recently dismissed (Appeals court dismisses ...
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115 views

What factors led to the US government issuing nutrition guidelines in 1916?

This timeline from the Washington Post says that the United States Department of Agriculture issued its first food guidelines in 1916 for children, and then did one in 1920 for adults. My question is, ...
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38 views

Did the 1962 comedy album about JFK impact the presidency or US prestige abroad?

On October 22, 1962 -- the same day President Kennedy appeared on television to announce the discovery of nuclear armed missiles in Cuba and the American response -- commedian and JFK impressionist ...
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1answer
74 views

What does 'trade in' mean in this article on the Westway project?

A little background so you know where we are at. I'm doing a paper concerning the Westway project* specifically the period immediately before the collapse of the project in which hundreds of ...
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1answer
131 views

Which battle enabled Andrew Jackson to become the President of USA?

Which significant battle enabled Andrew Jackson to become the President of the USA? Considering his leadership and contribution to this war he was catapulted to the White House.
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169 views

What involvement did Jonathan Edwards have with the Conspiracy of 1741?

According to this article: Rev. Jonathan Edwards delivered the hellfire and brimstone "spider" sermon, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" in Enfield, Connecticut on July 8, 1741. This topical ...
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1answer
74 views

Were labor shortages ever a problem for the railroads in the Old West?

Many different rail lines were build in the western United States from the 1850s onwards. Was construction ever delayed/canceled due to difficulty in finding workers, or due to workers leaving the ...
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48 views

How much infrstructure damage has there been in Iraq, after the invasion?

I know that thousands up to a millions (depending on source) of people have died due to the conflict, but how much damage to infrastructure has been caused? I read somewhere that it was $1 trillion ...
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36 views

How were FDR's economic policies as Governor of New York contradictory?

I have read in a number of Roosevelt's biographies that as Governor of New York, Roosevelt was not so aware of how economics works. He recognized that radical change was needed to respond to the Great ...
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1answer
66 views

How did the United States penal system evolve? [closed]

The penal system of the United States is unusual in several aspects: The United States is one of the rare Western nations that retains and practices capital punishment in law and practice. Prison ...
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91 views

Death of a Jane or John doe

I enjoy watching cop dramas and in The Closer (Season 1, Episode 12), a criminal might be exonerated because authorities mis-identified the body of a victim. In American legal history has anyone been ...
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150 views

What role did the United States government and major corporations have in controlling dissent and protest starting in the late 1940s? [closed]

After the Second World War, numerous movements of dissent and protest amongst workers or soldiers which had been kept in check by the profits of war developed into significant movements, such as the ...
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3answers
441 views

Why does the UK buy some of its major military hardware from the USA while France is self-reliant?

UK: Trident missile. M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System. AgustaWestland Apache Boeing E-3 Sentry. Raytheon Sentinel some other examples In contrast, France isn't nearly as reliant on USA. Why did ...
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289 views

Why Americans like to enroll in military services despite huge risks involved? [closed]

Working in US military is one of the riskiest jobs in America because of the regular engagement in battles compared to other military in the world. I live in a third-world country. Even in my ...
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1answer
590 views

Why were the people from the Southeast in the US so different from the rest of the US? [closed]

People in the Southern US seem to me more racist and have rebelled against the rest of US. What were the reasons there has been such a distinctive split in attitudes, like the split between two ...
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1answer
98 views

Looking for reference on claims that “the modern cocktail” was intended to mask the foul taste of Prohibition-era liquor?

I have long suspected that what we know today as a "cocktail" was invented to mask the taste of bad liquor. Indeed I've found several unsupported assertions to this effect online, generally pointing ...
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1answer
62 views

What was the extent of influence of James Byrnes on President Truman in the decision to use nuclear weapons?

Secretary of State James Byrnes was a very influential man and played a key role in foreign policy and the negotiations during WW2. It is known that after the death of FDR, he was the one who informed ...
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4answers
2k views

What factors contributed to the U.S economy flourishing during the early cold war period?

Wars, cold or otherwise, are bad for economies, right? So why did American capitalism flourish during the early cold war period (shortly after World War II)? I think there are several positive ...
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2answers
323 views

Do more Britons than Americans profess Christianity?

If so, why? And if not, when was it not the case that a greater percentage of Americans believe in Christianity than Britons? And what caused the subsequent divergence? Definitions. (For the ...
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1answer
42 views

Where Can I Find Historical Candidate Photos of U.S. Elections (both winners and losers)? [closed]

I am looking to do a research project involving photos of United States political candidates (probably gubernatorial, but potentially Senate and/or Congressional). I would like photos from the 1920s ...
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1answer
438 views

What happened to insurance companies after the 9/11 attacks? [closed]

The insurance industry had a bad day on 9/11. Few would imagine a loss of literally everything (the office, the objects, the building and even the people). Of all possibile outcomes, this was the ...
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1answer
152 views

How many non-partisan (independent) legislature members were in the USA compared to the USSR?

How many legislature members there were who were not members of any party in the USA compared to the USSR during the Cold War and now?
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1answer
124 views

When the United States Congress passes an amendment, how are its votes counted?

For a constitutional amendment to pass in the United States Congress, must the two-thirds vote include those present only (i.e., abstentions count against) or those present and voting (i.e., ...
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2answers
115 views

Explaining the data in the 2004 Republican primary results

So even a casual observer of American primary elections understands that it's rare for a sitting American president to face any kind of challenge in election primary season, in recent history at ...
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1answer
52 views

Where Can I Find Copies of the Richmond Enquirer? [closed]

I have been researching the background circumstances surrounding the writing of a particular poem, in addition to more information about the author. I've had a small degree of success finding ...
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2answers
76 views

What were the reasons for the Federal Art Project?

From August 29, 1935, until June 30, 1943 United States promote what they called Federal Art Project. Reputed to have created more than 200,000 separate works, FAP artists created posters, ...
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104 views

What was the significance of the Mississipi River on the Civil War and Westward Expansion?

I have a friend who has been given an assignment to write a paper arguing persuasively which river in the world is the "largest". Obviously, some people argue it is the Nile and some, the Amazon (most ...
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2answers
182 views

Is this Brzezinski quote real?

Various Russian websites attribute to Brzezinski the following quote: The new world order under U.S. hegemony was created against Russia at the expense of Russia and on the ruins of Russia. I ...
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1answer
872 views

Underground Tunnels in New York City and Boston

Where are the underground tunnels built by masons in New York City and Boston in 1760's~1780's? Do they exist till our present day?
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38 views

Shantyboat communities on the upper Mississippi River Valley

Does anyone have links or resources beyond books they can direct me to that directly deal with shantyboat communities along the banks of the Mississippi River north of St. Louis, Missouri? I'm ...
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0answers
102 views

Explaining differences in settler-first peoples mating

There was fairly little mixing between European settlers and the first peoples in what is today USA and Canada. There was extensive mixing in what is today Mexico (modern day: 65% Mestizo, 17.5% ...
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54 views

A memorial Georgia (U.S.) plaque

This memorial plaque lists the numbers of Georgians who served in various wars and details the casualties. What I find odd is that for WWI, Korea, Vietnam, and Gulf round numbers are given for the ...
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0answers
29 views

Did most colleges in the United have semesters that began in September and ended in January during the 1890s?

I have been researching college calendars from the 1890s and have found that their semesters are very different from most "modern" semesters in the United States. Here are two examples: ...
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39 views

Were there more robberies of “commercial” or “personal” nature in 19th century in USA?

Is there any statistics showing which trips on highways were statistically safer from being robbed in 19th century USA? the "commercial" ones (e.g. banks or government moving money) which offered ...
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3answers
389 views

What is the single longest Presidential Campaign run in the United States?

Looking back to 2008 it looks like Mitt Romney has been running for President ever since he was in the 2008 Republican primaries where he lost to John McCain. Considering a short stoppage while ...
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1answer
498 views

What was the average US unemployment rate for Democrat and Republican presidents?

Starting with the end of World War 1, what was the average unemployment rate for each United States President? Was the overall average different for Republican and Democratic presidents, and if so, by ...
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1answer
192 views

Why were all Y-12 operators of Manhattan Project women?

I have searched a while and I have not found any evidence of why all operators at Y-12 had to be women. I am interested especially in in two aspects: Who was the person from inside of the project ...
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1answer
279 views

Who said “Lafayette we are here!”? [closed]

My sister has been saying this quote for about a month and says it has historical significance. After searching I can't find anything. What famous person said "Lafayette we are here!"?
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296 views

If the Iraq War was because of their oil, has the US achieved their war aims [closed]

Let's assume: The United States of America started the 2003 Iraq war to obtain Iraqi oil. The Iraq war was very costly for the Americans, and a long and unfinished war has always made the ...
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1answer
70 views

Why did the US fleet not take defensive action against the U-Boats in 1941 despite intelligence from Britain's Enigma deciphering [closed]

Why did the US fleet within US littoral waters not take significant defensive action against the U-Boats in 1941/2 despite detailed intelligence from Britain's Enigma deciphering?
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1answer
130 views

Battle of Seattle [closed]

The "Battle of Seattle," a large civil protest that led to sporadic rioting in 1999, is commonly portrayed as influential in the sociology of Western activism, and in the contemporary history of ...
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1answer
122 views

What happened to Japanese employees after Pearl Harbor? [closed]

I recently read a post from a blog that complains about the nationalistic atmosphere in some country. One comment claims that once a conflict broke out, the employees from enemy state would be ...
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2answers
110 views

Nicknames of M36 Gun Motor Carriage

During World War 2 and Korean War United States Army used tank destroyer M36 (90mm Gun Motor Carriage M36). British soldiers gave one of nicknames to it, "Jackson", after general Thomas Jonathan ...
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1answer
244 views

What is the source of the Senate-as-saucer story?

A famous (though perhaps fictional) simile often quoted to point out the differences between the House and Senate involves an argument between George Washington, who favored having two chambers ...
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1answer
86 views

What did Kennedy know about Soviet missiles during the Cuban missile crisis?

After the 50th anniversary of the Cuban Missile Crisis, the US declassified reports showed that the USSR only had four operational ICBMs in October 1962, notwithstanding contrary rhetoric during the ...
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59 views

Are there cases of U.S. Founding Fathers burning flags of other nations?

After reviewing some arguments for and against flag burning I became curious as to whether or not there were documented cases of the U.S. Founding Fathers (or politically influential people of the ...
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4answers
2k views

What were the long-term effects of Reconstruction in the South?

After the American Civil War, the South was in ruins and there was doubt about how the Southern states would treat newly freed slaves. So the US government instituted a 15-year policy known as ...
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1answer
3k views

Who were some famous Vietnam War Hawks and Doves?

Who were some famous people who opposed/supported the Vietnam War?
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2answers
374 views

What are the differences between actual Roman Catholicism and American Catholicism? [closed]

What are the differences between actual Roman Catholicism and American Catholicism? Please point out the historical, political, cultural and belief differences. You can also provide me with some ...
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1answer
119 views

Did Johnny Appleseed actually exist? [closed]

According to Wikipedia, his real name was John Chapman. Is this true?