An armed conflict between state actors, typically for the furtherence of a political or economic aim.

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169 views

When has a military force used their own people as human shields?

I am looking for instances/examples (and sources) throughout history of times an army used it's own people as a buffer between itself and an opposing force. While it is fairly common for an army to ...
4
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1answer
172 views

How often did kings give land to their sons?

During the middle ages, how often did kings give land for their sons to govern? In particular sons who were not heirs or even far in the line of succession. If they did give land would it be small ...
4
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0answers
157 views

What was the lena River Delta U-boat base in the Soviet Arctic used for?

In 1963 the body of a German navy NCO was found in Neelova Gulf with the remnants of his uniform and rifle ammunition. In 1985 Soviet helicopter pilot Peter Statsyukom discovered a small complex of ...
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0answers
91 views

What effort did the Luftwaffe make to prevent Operation Torch landings in North Africa 1942? [closed]

Did the Germans know about the Operation Torch landings in late 1942 and if so what steps were taken in particular by the Luftwaffe to intervene?
4
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2answers
176 views

How significant was the US military role during the NATO campaign in Libya?

The NATO campaign in Libya was started by the UK and France, and the US was later also involved. How significant and vital was the US assistance in this campaign? Edit: I am primarily interested in ...
3
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8answers
718 views

What caused the turning point in Hundred Years' War?

At school I have learned that the English had upper hand in the war until Joan of Arc convinced the French king to give an army under her command to besiege Orléans and since then, the French forced ...
3
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4answers
238 views

Why is the Spanish-American War not called the Spanish-Cuban-American War?

Cuba was at war with Spain since 2/24/1895. In fact, it was the third war against Spain for their independence. US arrived to the war in 1898, after the Maine's explosion. Very wise when Cubans had ...
3
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3answers
802 views

In Battle of Zama, how did Hannibal's use of war elephants lead to a Roman Victory?

Why did Hannibal attack with elephants from the front? Why not from side? Also why did the elephants just keep walking through the small gap? Why not wreak havoc in the middle of Roman troops? (like ...
3
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4answers
290 views

In current times is it impossible to win a war if the people of invaded country are determined not to lose?

When the United States lost the Vietnam war, the Vietnamese showed another face of war: With a big difference of power, the weaker country can win. This is happening again in Afghanistan and in ...
3
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2answers
433 views

Throughout history, how many wars have there been between Russia and Japan?

Do both countries have a particluar hot spot that existed in the past, and if so, does it still exist now? Have their wars historically been bloody or transient, and are they now considered "friends"? ...
3
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2answers
203 views

When did the Pakistan army used tank for the first time during the 1971 Bangladesh war?

I would like to know the first recorded case of usage of tank in the Bangladesh war which took place in 1971.
3
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2answers
290 views

Why did Spain trade Florida to the British in exchagne for Havana?

In 1763, Spain traded Florida to Great Britain in exchange for control of Havana, Cuba, which had been captured by the British during the Seven Years' War. wikipedia Why did Spain trade Florida ...
3
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1answer
66 views

Master title for fencing

When and where did the practice of calling either a fencing teacher or a great swordsman "master" originates from? I am interested mainly in European primary sources, the older the better.
3
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1answer
66 views

Would Wright's attack on Cemetery Ridge have succeeded if Posey had covered Wright's Left Flank?

On the Second Day of the Battle of Gettysburg, the Third Confederate Brigade under Brig. Gen. Ambrose Wright (serving under Anderson's Division) charged from Seminary Ridge into Union forces holding ...
3
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1answer
113 views

In the British Invasion of Greece, what happened to the British troops who were not captured?

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-forces-arrive-in-greece I also was wondering what happened to the soldiers who were not caught, if any? Where did they go, and what happened to ...
3
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1answer
168 views

Has the US Congress's power to declare war been rendered superfluous by recent conflicts?

After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the Congress of the United States formally declared war on Japan. After Germany declared war on the United States, the Congress then formally declared war on ...
3
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1answer
250 views

Why was the Bay of Pigs invasion unsuccessful?

Goal of The Bay of Pigs invasion in April,1961. was to overthrow Cuba's president Castro. It was totally unsuccesful and counter-revolutionary military, trained by CIA was defeated in just two days. ...
3
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0answers
136 views

Was the Taiping Rebellion the deadliest war of the 19th Century?

According to Wikipedia: With no reliable census at the time, estimates are necessarily based on projections, but the most widely cited sources put the total number of deaths during the 15 ...
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2answers
334 views

Was Rommel an Anti-Semite?

I've heard that he was not. Latter I've heard that he would have joined the fray if not because of political consideration. I forgot the source.
2
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2answers
279 views

How could a chariot work against a phalanx?

During Battle of Gaugamela Darius now launched his chariots at those troops under Alexander's personal command... Those chariots who made it through the barrage of javelins charged the ...
2
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1answer
180 views

What field guns, howitzers and mortars were used by the Indian Army and the Pakistan Army during the 1971 war?

While the tank battles are better documented, the role of the field guns are not so well recorded (at least not in available documents). I know that 3.7 inch howitzers were part of the first artillery ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

What process have countries followed when creating constitutions?

Countries that have been led by an individual (through a declaration, revolution, war, ...) have constitutions heavily influenced by that leader, for better or worse. History has shown that simply ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Why did Sir William Stanley support Perkin Warbeck?

It seems odd that the Brother of Lord Thomas Stanley would swap sides so soon after the beginning of Henry VII's reign. I want to ascertain the political, social or economic motivations that could ...
2
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0answers
55 views

How much infrstructure damage has there been in Iraq, after the invasion?

I know that thousands up to a millions (depending on source) of people have died due to the conflict, but how much damage to infrastructure has been caused? I read somewhere that it was $1 trillion ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Could Margaret Beaufort have been responsible for killing of the Princes in the Tower? [closed]

According to Philippa Gregory, Margaret Beaufort had the best motive, because with their deaths her son Henry became 2 steps closer to the throne, and also she hated Elizabeth Woodville.
2
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0answers
133 views

Ted Nugent and draft dodging

I've asked whether this is in scope: Are draft-dodgers in scope?. I'm not sure,but I'll crack on anyway. Too what extent did Ted Nugent dodge the draft for Vietnam. He certainly did receive ...
2
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0answers
58 views

Where can I find information about prior Israel/Gaza conflicts? [closed]

The recent fighting between Israel and Gaza has me wondering about prior conflicts that came before this one. Is there a bipartisan source detailing prior significant conflicts between the two ...
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3answers
307 views

Why Americans like to enroll in military services despite huge risks involved? [closed]

Working in US military is one of the riskiest jobs in America because of the regular engagement in battles compared to other military in the world. I live in a third-world country. Even in my ...
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6answers
217 views

What other pairs of wars have had a ~25 year interval?

The I and II world wars are 25 years apart, which is within the length of one generation. This is interesting, because it creates a premise for an entire part of a generation to be both without ...
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5answers
171 views

Is external expansion an element of fascist ideology

The topic of ideology is very fascinating to me. I'm currently writing a book about it. Although its related to a different context, information about all ideology would be helpful. I'm getting ...
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2answers
325 views

Best books on the politics behind WWII [closed]

What are the best books on the politics leading up to and during World War 2? Thanks Edit: Just wanted to add that I just realized that reading biographies of the people involved with the politics ...
1
vote
3answers
360 views

What is an open city? [closed]

During World War 2 Rome was declared to be an "open city" but I do not know what this means. What rules are there in an open city? Who controls it or is it neutral? I want to know what happens when a ...
1
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1answer
140 views

Are there any incidents of war / brutalities because of Football match other than the famous one between El Salvador and Honduras?

We all know that football is most popular game all over the world, And it has emotional big touch to it. There are many weird incidents happened because of this wonderful game, I am looking for ...
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1answer
76 views

How do repeating historical conflicts get resolved? [closed]

History is full of conflicts which persist over generations. Inter-Christian religious wars drive more than a century of conflict that spanned the globe. Inter-Empire wars over colonization ...
1
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1answer
159 views

Did Josephus question the date of the destruction of the First or Second Temple?

In Flavius Josephus's War of the Jews, in Book 6, Chapter 4, he described the day that the Second Temple burned. He then consoles himself by saying that all good things must come to an end, but then ...
1
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1answer
113 views

What were the influences of Freemasonry in the wars of liberation of Latino American countries from Spanish Colonialism?

What were the influences of Freemasonry in the wars of liberation of Latino American countries from Spanish Colonialism? The main leaders of the wars of independence of the countries of Latino ...
1
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1answer
111 views

What civilisation used wolf pelts for their archers armour?

Looking for more information on the negatives and positives of wolf pelt armor and many other general aspects. Thank you :)
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0answers
73 views

Have economic sanctions prevented or inhibited wars? [closed]

The current escalation of armed conflicts and the complex geopolitical landscape keeps me thinking on how to avoid future wars. The only long term definitive solution I could think of is replacing ...
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0answers
48 views

When is the first recorded use of a fireship? [closed]

When were the first accounts of fire ships? They were used in The American Revolutionary War but is there any other sources saying that these were used beforehand?
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0answers
167 views

Since the 20th century, how many diplomats from all countries have been killed during peace time?

Given the recent death of Ambassador Stevens I was curious how many diplomats have been killed when their country was not involved in a major war, a la, WW1, WW2, the Korean War, and Vietnam? I know ...
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0answers
132 views

Looking for information on the “2nd Battalion Stojan Vujnović 'The Serb'” [closed]

Does anyone have information on this battalion? I have been hunting for information about them during the Croatian Civil War of 1991.
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2answers
178 views

How do modern historians evaluate Sherman's “Total War”?

A major element of Sherman's march to the sea was his army's burning southern farms and cities. The rationale for what Sherman called "Total War," approved by Grant and Lincoln, was that it would ...
0
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1answer
601 views

Was Christianity the first belief system which encouraged the ideal of peace among all people on Earth? [closed]

Have there been other instances before or parallel to Christianity where war, revenge and conflict was repudiated or not seen as an ideal - and instead peace and love for the others (love for the ...
0
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2answers
125 views

What wars were there which were contemporaneous with but unconnected to ww2? [closed]

One possible example is the Ecuador-Peru war of 1941. Were there others? Just to be narrow/precise, restrict attention to any wars that were ongoing any time between Sep 1 1939 and May 9 1945.
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2answers
90 views

How did Farragut know he could get his fleet through the Confederate line of “torpedos” at Mobile Bay?

At the Battle of Mobile Bay, Adm. David G. Farragut commanded an 18-vessel fleet that included two monitors and his own wooden-hulled flagship, USS Hartford. The entrance to Mobile Bay was guarded by ...
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votes
2answers
307 views

If the Iraq War was because of their oil, has the US achieved their war aims [closed]

Let's assume: The United States of America started the 2003 Iraq war to obtain Iraqi oil. The Iraq war was very costly for the Americans, and a long and unfinished war has always made the ...
-1
votes
1answer
196 views

What was the death toll of non-Americans in the Vietnam War?

How many Vietnamese and Cambodians were killed in the Vietnam war? How many civilians, and how many soldiers? What are the best sources on this question?
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0answers
76 views

Was Vietnam war ever officially condemned in the US? [closed]

Was Vietnam war ever officially condemned in the US, either by a court, legislature or the government?
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1answer
116 views

why Israel has not used its nuclear arsenal against hamas? [closed]

If Israel has a nuclear arsenal, why has not used its against Hamas? If the Palestinian had nuclear weapons would have surely used to erase Israel from the map.
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3answers
330 views

Why did so many rulers want to aquire more land? [closed]

It seems that until around the 20th century, a relatively large portion of rulers saw it as their goal to acquire more land. What was the main rationale behind this?