Questions on World War I, events that caused it, strategy and tactics employed by the battling sides and the consequences of this war.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

5
votes
1answer
111 views

What was the actual cause of the disaster for the Royal Navy’s battlecruisers in the Battle of Jutland?

During the Battle of Jutland (31 May 1916), the battlecruisers Invincible, Queen Mary, and Indefatigable exploded with only a few survivors; Lion was almost lost in a similar manner. This provoked the ...
-2
votes
1answer
86 views

What is the significance of the term “never start changing the borders in Eastern Europe by force?” [closed]

I have read this was the cause of both World War 1 and World War 2. Russia has now seized the Crimea and followed that up with a War in Eastern Ukraine. Does this have any relevance today?
28
votes
5answers
8k views

Why did trench warfare accept deadlocks?

As someone who has never studied military history or strategy I find it very hard to understand how and why both sides got locked into relatively short lines of heavily defended trench warfare with ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

What was the name of the man who was beaten by a crowd for tearing up a war poster during WWI?

I remember learning in high school about an incident occurring I think in America during World War I in which a foreign man (I remember as Turkish) who did not read English, having seen a war poster ...
0
votes
2answers
193 views

Why does the First World War (WW I) play such a minor role today compared to Second World War (WW II)? [closed]

In my experience, in Central Europe, people are more aware of the Second World War, than the First World War. This seems to be the case in other European an American regions, too. Do others also see ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Countries involved in World War 1(the Great War) [closed]

I can get a list of countries which were involved in World War 1 as Allies but I can't find list of countries who supported Germany in World War 1, basically I can't find list of countries which were ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

How far away could zeppelins drop bombs

I am doing a little World War 1 reading for a class, and I came to this passage: German derigibles, or zeppelins, were able to drop bombs on targets that were 700 miles away. This was far beyond ...
1
vote
4answers
284 views

What is the evidence to repudiate this version of the “stab in the back” myth?

The Stab in the Back Myth Among claims that need context and checking: The Jewish Lord Rothschild used his connections with American Jewry to get America into the war. This was, of course, very ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

How can Germany be blamed for World War 1? [duplicate]

I am going to be participating in a debate about who started world war one and I have been assigned the role of accusing Germany. I do know that Germany was allied with the Austria-Hungarian empire, ...
0
votes
2answers
192 views

Why wasn't Russia in the Paris Peace Talks?

After the loss of World War One by Germany and Austria, the Allies convened to discuss in the Paris Peace Talks. It is understandable that Germany and Austria were not allowed to participate in these ...
-1
votes
2answers
89 views

Are there any historical conceptions that accurately depict a scenario of swinging rapidly from a state of war to a state of tranquility? [closed]

Leading on from the horrors of the First World War, the pussyfooting involved in the Second World War could be likened to that of a swinging mechanism of war, rapidly followed by peace, then followed ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

How were the British and French armies invited into Belgium in 1914?

In August of 1914 Belgium refused entry to the German army, which then invaded Belgium. Apparently Belgium then invited the British and French armies into its territories, leading to Belgium becoming ...
-1
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the difference between these dates in Treaty of Versailles? [closed]

There are three dates that are significant when we talk about the end of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles (or at least the ones I have heard of): 28 June 1919 11 November 1918 18 November ...
6
votes
2answers
272 views

Why didn't the ANZACs charge trenches with some kind of protection?

In the movie Gallipoli, the ANZACs were depicted charging into machine gun fire, knowingly, without any sort of protection. In other words, it was like shooting fish in a barrel. If they knew that ...
7
votes
2answers
588 views

Compulsion for Germany to accept the Treaty of Versailles?

At first it is difficult to understand why Germany would have accepted the Treaty of Versailles. The armistice had been agreed upon 11 November 1918 and was explicitly based on the terms of Wilson's ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

What did the Allied WW1 propaganda for the Germans say?

I recently came across this passage of Mein Kampf where Hitler praises the effectiveness of WW1 Allied propaganda over the German people: At first the claims of the propaganda were so impudent ...
-1
votes
1answer
145 views

When did Germany pay the full amount of reparations of the Versailles treaty? [closed]

I remember it was recently, but I do not know the exact year.
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Would the USA staying out of WWI have prevented WWII? [closed]

A while back, I heard a historian talking about World War II, and he said that the whole thing would never have broken out if the USA had maintained its original isolationist position during World War ...
-3
votes
1answer
236 views

Is Germany to blame for WW1? [closed]

Germany turned a local conflict between Austria-Hungary and Russia into a world war. Isn't Germany the responsible party here? I know this is an opinion but teachers told me that I make a good point. ...
5
votes
1answer
122 views

What proportion of the Austro-Hungarian army fought on each of the fronts?

During WWI, Austria-Hungary fielded an army of approximately 7.8 million soldiers. They fought against Russia in the east, Italy in the west, and Serbia (mainly) in the south. What proportion of the ...
5
votes
2answers
333 views

How did Turkey achieve such a quick military rebound after World War I?

The Ottoman military had a very weak performance in World War I (1914-1918), completely defeated in the Middle Eastern theatre and ended up losing almost all of its non-Anatolia possession. This was ...
4
votes
3answers
162 views

Were there any assassinations of high-profile Austrian officials before that of the Archduke Ferdinand?

I am trying to argue that "the Blank Cheque" ushered Austria to be aggressive against Serbia, thus leading to WW1. Were there any assassinations, mainly by Serbians, of equally or a bit less important ...
-2
votes
1answer
150 views

Was Germany responsible for WW1? [duplicate]

I know that the US, England, and France decided that Germany was responsible for WW1, but was this a fair assessment? Why/why not?
8
votes
2answers
678 views

How did Germany claim self-defense in WW1?

WW1 broke out after a series of ultimatums and warnings against each other. However, I understand that every power claimed that the other powers were acting against its interests, and it was ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

Which historian suggested that not building a navy would have enabled Germany to win WW1?

It seems that a writer named "Nickadie" or "Nipadie" (I did not quite understand the pronunciation) suggested that had the German Empire never built such a navy to challenge the British, and focused ...
2
votes
2answers
917 views

Why did fighter pilots wear their hats lopsided during the World Wars?

In many photographs of flying aces of the two World Wars, they wear their hats in a lopsided manner instead of straight. Here's photos of Albert Ball, a British WWI era pilot, and Erich Hartmann, the ...
2
votes
2answers
564 views

How did soldiers in WWI who wore Jackboots keep the boots from being sucked off in the mud?

In the trench warfare of the First World War, the mud was often knee deep, although it sometimes reached well above the soldiers' chests. These conditions were obviously horrendous, and made it ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

Were non German soldiers treated differently than German soldiers in the German army during the Great War?

For some reason I cannot find reliable source about that. Germany's population were in majority German, but there was also Frenchs in the west, Danes in the north, Lithuanians, and Poles in the east, ...
3
votes
3answers
195 views

Why and how did George V give titles to his generals over lands that he did not possess?

Edward Allenby was given the title Viscount Allenby, of Megiddo and of Felixstowe in the County of Suffolk. Megiddo lies in Israel, it was outside British possessions, although it was controlled by ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Did Russia declare war on Germany before its invasion of that country on August 7, 1914?

I was looking through some lists of war declarations from the first World War and I did not see any declaration of war by Russia on Germany or Prussia. The Russian army did invade Prussia on August 7, ...
5
votes
2answers
230 views

Is it true that Serbia was offered “Great Serbia” instead of Yugoslavia at the end of the WWI by Allies?

Allegedly, the king Alexander Karadjordjevic, the unifier, was offered to choose between Yugoslavia (called the kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes) or greater Serbia which would have been smaller ...
4
votes
0answers
162 views

When did the use of “Contact!” by soldiers emerge?

I was recently watching a World War One docudrama-esque show (Our World War (BBC)) and, while patrolling and fighting to control Trones Wood some British troops unexpectedly encounter the German enemy....
1
vote
2answers
240 views

Did World War I soldiers carry swagger sticks, while in combat?

At 1 minute 3 seconds juncture of the TV movie All the King's Men, Captain Frank Reginald Beck, MVO is depicted leading an infantry charge, while wielding some kind of whip or baton or stick in his ...
13
votes
3answers
870 views

What changed Japanese attitude to POWs in inter-war period?

I have read this excellent answer in which @Semaphore provides sources confirming that German defenders of Tsingtao were treated very well during World War I, which even lead to some tradition in ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

What was the role of Konstantin Rokossovsky during WW1?

The Wikipedia article is very poor in this subject: On joining the Kargopolsky 5th Dragoon Regiment, Rokossovsky soon showed himself a talented soldier and leader; he ended the war with the rank ...
23
votes
10answers
5k views

Are tanks the only reason for the abandonment of trench warfare?

The First World War in the West was for 4 years restricted to trench warfare. Gaining enemy territory cost many human lives for both sides. The main (or maybe most spectacular) battles were Verdun and ...
3
votes
2answers
247 views

Medical personnel fighting on the battlefield

How common was it for Red Cross medical personnel to take part in military action on the battlefields (in both World Wars)? How was this received by the combatants (friendly and enemy)? The question ...
4
votes
2answers
398 views

WW1 Uniform - Which country does this uniform belong to?

Please help me identify this ww1 uniform.
12
votes
3answers
388 views

The Purpose of Mystery Object 40.9.11

In the summer of 1915, a wireless telegraph station in Sayville, Long Island owned by the German company Telefunken was caught sending covert commands to U-Boats patrolling the Atlantic Ocean. The ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Did a capital ship ever hit anything with a torpedo?

It seems WWI and inter-war ship designers went a bit torpedo mad, both in their fear of them and in their use, finally coming to their senses in the harsh realities of WWII. I've seen many examples ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

French WW 1 infantry field uniforms

In the photo below, my grandfather is photographed center with another 29th Division soldier during World War I and a person on the left whose uniform I cannot identify. Is it French? My grandfather ...
11
votes
6answers
3k views

How come all the major WW1 rifles were bolt action?

The main disadvantage of bolt action is that one has to remove the right hand from the trigger which leads to slower rate of fire. Neither lever nor pump have this problem. Rate of fire was viewed as ...
13
votes
2answers
404 views

Was there a serious proposal to offer India territory in East Africa?

In the recent World Service series The War That Changed The World the episode dealing with India contains a rather extraordinary claim. A panel member, an Indian, says there was a notion during WW1 ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Were the Germans quoting Hamlet to describe their existential struggle in the Great War?

In illustrating how the Great War came to be viewed increasingly by Germans as an existential struggle, Max Hastings, in his Catastrophe: 1914: Europe Goes to War (p. 542), describes how The words ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

What was unreasonable about Austria's ultimatum to Serbia?

There are actually three questions. First Question: It is often stated, especially in English-speaking media, that the terms of the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia 1914 were unreasonable. Sometimes the ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

What were the individual soldiers motivated by during World War 1?

A history book will tell you that the First World War was started due to the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and a tangled mess of alliances and defensive treaties criss-crossing Europe....
5
votes
1answer
129 views

When did it become openly known that Wilson supported the Balfour Declaration?

According to this source he agreed with the declaration about one month before it was published. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1878450?uid=3738984&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&...
5
votes
2answers
264 views

WW1 artillery defense testing

At the battle of the Somme the British bombarded the Germans for seven days. They fired over 1.5 million shells. But most of these shells were shrapnel shells. These shells failed to cut and ...
2
votes
2answers
398 views

Why did the assasination of Franz Ferdinand trigger WW1? [closed]

I understand that there were also other reasons other than the assassination, but this is widely considered the trigger for WW1. Why? And why did the whole world get involved with this one ...
6
votes
1answer
331 views

What is the origin of these WW1 “official history” maps?

I'm looking for a source, preferably the original atlas or set of documents in facsimile, for the following WW1 maps (and their siblings): I've only found these fragments, reproduced on the Web ...