0
votes
2answers
56 views

I am trying to debunk this article on the stab-in-the-back myth

http://www.dailystormer.com/the-german-revolution-of-1918-and-the-stab-in-the-back-myth/ Among claims that need contex and checking: The Jewish Lord Rothschild used his connections with American ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

What did 'regular' medieval people think about royalty?

During the Medieval times what was the general consensus of the common-people in regards to the King and his close associates? From a number of documentaries i have watched recently it looks like the ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

What are the height units of contours on this WW2 topographic map?

What are the units seen on the contours and spot heights of this WW2 topographic map? I'm not sure if the map is of Russian or German origin: I've seen the same style and map symbols on Russian army ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Are there any accounts of German junior enlisted soldiers surviving the siege of Stalingrad and subsequent captivity?

When the German Sixth Army was surrounded at Stalingrad, there were something like 330,000 soldiers. Perhaps 91,000 survived the siege to surrender two and half months later, and of these, about 5,000 ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Alchemy: Combining Water and Fire Elements

I am writing a paper about a novel's use of symbols. I would like to analyze one passage where it could be inferred that the classic elements of water and fire are being combined to create an infused ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Nazi-Germany unemployment?

It's said that the unemployment was virtually non-existent in Nazi Germany. What factors led to such a drastic reduction of unemployment? Are there comparable examples of other industrial nations ...
19
votes
9answers
7k views

Why weren't aircraft carriers utilized during D-day?

Why were aircraft carriers not used during and following D-Day? They could have added a great deal of range to the air support operations.
-4
votes
2answers
166 views

Is there an instance where Rome adopted a weapon to win a war?

I thought I had read that Roman soldiers had adopted crossbows to defeat the Pythagoreans. However after Google and Wikipedia, I can't find support for this. Or was there some other example where the ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Why is Hue's “Purple Forbidden City” so called?

Within the Imperial City complex in Huế, Vietnam, is a secondary citadel called in English the "Purple Forbidden City". (Or, per some sources, the "Forbidden Purple City.") According to my guide ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

When studying about the history of, say, Philippines, is it generally better to prioritize the works of Filipino Historians than foreign historians?

Understanding the local culture and language is an essential part of studying a country's history. Does this mean that the works of local scholars, generally speaking, deserves more attention than ...
4
votes
4answers
497 views

Where, exactly, was the “Sudetenland?”

In an early version of my earlier Skoda Works question, I placed the works in the "Sudetenland." A European protested that they were 250 kms. away from the Sudetes mountains, which he considered the ...
6
votes
1answer
354 views

How stable was the Middle East under Ottoman rule?

Since the outbreak of WWI, the Middle East has been a strategic area; many powers have vied for control. How stable was the region under Ottoman rule? Stable is, for the purposes of this question, ...
6
votes
1answer
85 views

Could any Habsburg kings of Hungary speak Hungarian?

From 1526 to 1918, Hungary was ruled by the Habsburgs. Could any of the Habsburg kings speak Hungarian, and if so, to what degree? I know that Sissi, the consort of Franz Joseph I, was particularly ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

What did Richlieu mean by his “six lines” quote?

Cardinal Richelieu is frequently quoted as saying, If you give me six lines written by the hand of the most honest of men, I will find something in them which will hang him. What I've never seen ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Death by candle [on hold]

Many sources state that candles have been heavily used for light and timekeeping starting as early as 3000 BCE. Until electric lighting took over starting in the 19th century, candles and oil lamps ...
0
votes
4answers
182 views

Why did Gen. Lee (Civil War) surrender to the U.S?

I am sure, from different sources, that his men were willing to fight to the death, even if they were surrounded. Also, if they were willing to fight in the first place, because the issue was so ...
2
votes
2answers
959 views

What were the German “general” ranks in World War II?

The Anglo-American armies share ranks up to "full" (or four star) general. (The German army has ranks equivalent to those armies for non-general officers). The American army deviated from the English ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Why did Bierut threaten to murder families of those who did not join him?

My knowledge is very small on this. Boleslaw Bierut was a Polish Communist leader who became the President of Poland after the Soviet takeover of the country, in the aftermath of WW2 as Wikipedia ...
4
votes
3answers
215 views

What treatment did Allied Jewish POWs get when captured by the Germans?

According to Wikipedia, there were about 500,000 American Jews serving in the US forces during World War II, and another 500,000 Jews served other Allied nations. Some of these servicemen would have ...
34
votes
5answers
10k views

Why was the Japanese Army's fatalities inflicted:suffered ratio so low in the Pacific theatre?

Leaving aside the naval battles of the Pacific, why did the Japanese army do so poorly against allied forces (specifically United states and Australian forces) when on the defensive. While logistics ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

What is the origin of language? [on hold]

The use of language is one of the most conspicuous and diagnostic traits that distinguish Homo sapiens from other species. Unlike writing, spoken language leaves no trace.Can we get a direct method in ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

How did the Germans get homes again after WWII?

After a large number of homes were destroyed in the war, how did the average German become a homeowner again? I know about the Marshall Plan, but this question does not refer to how the economy in ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

How did the German royal families lose power so quickly in 1918? What happened to them afterwards?

Before 1918, Germany was a federal empire. According to this Wikipedia article, The German Empire consisted of 27 constituent territories, with most being ruled by royal families. This included ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

How would American foreigners have been treated by Mexico shortly after the beginning of WWII?

I am curious to know what everyday life might have been like for a trio of American foreigners in the northern, near-border regions of Mexico during the early days of World War Two. Specifically, I am ...
2
votes
3answers
225 views

What was the rationale behind restrictions on Camera ownership in post-war Germany?

According to the accepted answer to this question: There are very few photographs from occupied Germany because it was illegal for >Germans to own cameras and similar regulations were enforced to ...
6
votes
0answers
155 views

Has there ever been a war between members of a personal union?

A personal union occurs when two otherwise independent states (each with their own territories, governments, etc.) come to share the same monarch. Has it ever come to pass that two member states of a ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Why did the British leave Kohima and Imphal “lightly” defended in 1944?

In 1942, the answer would have been, "because Britain didn't have enough troops." They were then weak "everywhere" along the line. But by early 1944, after two years of the Burma Campaign, Britain ...
4
votes
3answers
233 views

Did the Germans have enough bombers to conduct “strategic” bombing of the Soviet Union?

The Germans have been criticized for not using strategic bombing against Soviet factories, oil fields, etc. to suppress Soviet weapons production. On the other hand, it is hard to argue with the ...
-2
votes
4answers
4k views

Is there any evidence that the book of Isaiah was written before Cyrus?

The OT Prophet Isaiah lived in the 8th-century BC. Cyrus, the Emperor of Persia, lived well over one hundred years later: Cyrus (580-529 BC) was the first Achaemenid Emperor. Yet The Book of Isaiah in ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Federal courts under the Articles of Confederation

The ninth Article of Confederation establishes federal judicial jurisdiction in some cases, including "disputes and differences now subsisting or that hereafter may arise between two or more States ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

What was everyday life in Mexico like during the early days of WWII? [on hold]

I am curious to know what everyday life might have been like for a trio of American foreigners in the northern, near-border regions of Mexico during the early days of World War Two. Specifically, I am ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Was von Manstein's Lack of Success at Leningrad (and later Stalingrad) due to the failure of German military intelligence?

Arguably the high water mark of the German eastern front campaign was the capture of Sevastopol by General Erich von Manstein, who was arguably Germany's best general. After this victory, he and his ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Who fixed new year's day as 25th March in 1155 CE

I have read that New year's day was fixed at Lady Day 25th March from 1155 until the reform in 1752, but I can't find out who fixed it and why, can anybody help? Responding to the comment by C.G. ...
0
votes
2answers
107 views

Why wasn't Russia in the Paris Peace Talks?

After the loss of World War One by Germany and Austria, the Allies convened to discuss in the Paris Peace Talks. It is understandable that Germany and Austria were not allowed to participate in these ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Have there been any efforts by the countries of Europe to restore their monarchies?

Have there been any effort, polls, referendum in Europe (especially Eastern ex-communist countries) to restore deposed monarchies, like in Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, etc.? Most Monarchies were deposed ...
13
votes
3answers
823 views

What changed Japanese attitude to POWs in inter-war period?

I have read this excellent answer in which @Semaphore provides sources confirming that German defenders of Tsingtao were treated very well during World War I, which even lead to some tradition in ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

When was the Passover Seder ritual formalized?

When were the Passover Seder customs in their present form formalized? As a terminus post quem I think we can surely take 70 CE when the Second Temple was destroyed since parts of the Seder ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

What motivated revolutionary France to declare war on Britain in 1793?

France declared war on Britain in 1793 (War of First Coalition). What was its motivation for declaring war? It was already at war with many European powers at the moment, and it was not likely in a ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did the Allied Forces choose Normandy as their geographic point of invasion? [closed]

It seems that the fact that Normandy lies close to the United Kingdom must have played a role. However, parts of the Netherlands and Belgium are (almost) just as close, or even closer. So why not ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

How can Germany be blamed for World War 1? [duplicate]

I am going to be participating in a debate about who started world war one and I have been assigned the role of accusing Germany. I do know that Germany was allied with the Austria-Hungarian empire, ...
-3
votes
0answers
49 views

How did the public react immediately after the passing of the Act of Supremacy in 1534? [on hold]

Henry VIII enacted the Act of Supremacy in 1534, thereby making the monarch the head of the newly established Church of England. In this new church, who were the priests? Did all of the priests of ...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

Did Abraham Lincoln kill the man who murdered his mother? [on hold]

I'm watching a dramatized (re-enacted) biography of Abraham Lincoln and it shows him as having shot a man in the eye, shortly after the death of Lincoln's father. The man apparently had something to ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

What kinds of documents were forged in the middle ages and how common was forgery?

For example I was reading about the Privilegium Maius, and was wondering what other instances of document forging were there in the middle ages ?
0
votes
0answers
39 views
21
votes
3answers
3k views

In WWII, what were the major differences in tank combat on the eastern and western fronts?

Nearly every nation deployed tanks in World War II. What are some differences in tactics between the eastern front in Russia and Eastern Europe, and the western front in France, the Low Countries, and ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What percentage of modern day Turks are of Bulgarian/Circassian/Greek/Serbian descent?

I asked a question before about Greek Muslims and what happened to them, I wonder also what percentage of modern day 'Turks', especially the light skinned ones in western Turkey, are of Balkan ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

How did the Nazis justify the differences in the way they treated Jews v. POWs? [on hold]

I was reading an autobiographical account of an Army Air Corps POW. He was on a train that made a stop at Dachau to unhook several box cars containing Jews. Although he and his fellow POWs feared for ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Paying for something in Revolutionary Times

If someone were paying a bill or for a debt in 1790, did they pay with cash or a note of some sort?
2
votes
1answer
81 views

“Black Bull” pubs in Northumberland

What's the connection between the pub name "The Black Bull" and Northumberland? It seems like every other town here has one with the name!

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