0
votes
0answers
2 views

How do Catholic apologetics try to justify the inquisition?

As someone said on Reddit Inquisition was the first legal system where defenders had a chance to say their bit with the help of a lawyer; and if it was found that an accuser had a personal ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Did Hitler help establish Israel?

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haavara_Agreement The Haavara Agreement (Hebrew: הסכם העברה Translit.: heskem haavara Translated: "transfer agreement") was an agreement between Nazi Germany and ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

In 1700-1850 warfare, would infantry still march in formation while retreating?

At the 31:20 juncture of Episode 20 in total (Episode 10 of Season 2) of the AMC TV show Turn, because the British infantry march slowly in formation (rather than running) to leave the battlefield at ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

What was the name of the man who was beaten by a crowd for tearing up a war poster during WWI?

I remember learning in high school about an incident occurring I think in America during World War I in which a foreign man (I remember as Turkish) who did not read English, having seen a war poster ...
1
vote
3answers
102 views

Did medieval commanders exchange words before battle?

Random question for anyone who reads accounts of medieval battles. Was it customary for European medieval commanders to exchange words before battle, not merely for diplomatic reasons but more out of ...
0
votes
7answers
247 views

What is a good way to summarize Mussolini's role in World War 2? [on hold]

I would want to know how I could summarize Mussolini's role in World War 2 in a paragraph or so. By this I don't mean that people start listing out all his military conquests etc. but the role he had ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Which country in the world was the first to govern by Democracy? [on hold]

Which country in the world was the first to govern its people by a system known as Democracy?
10
votes
1answer
508 views

What relief efforts did the Japanese attempt after the atomic bombings?

Obviously, once the atomic bombs dropped in 1945, the war was almost over. There wasn't much time to rebuild, or even offer aid, to the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki before the Japanese ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Is it true that Hitler led to the invention of the Atomic Bomb by the Americans?

I am reading The Nuclear Express by Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman and on page 8, it describes the forced immigration of Jewish scientists involved in "Jewish Physics" to the United States and ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Did other countries stop recognizing Austria, after the German annexation?

In World War II, Germany annexed Austria, thereby jeopardizing the lives of many Jews, including Lisa Meitner. According to The Nuclear Express by Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman, Lisa Meitner ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

How quickly did the term “nuclear fission” spread?

In The Nuclear Express by Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman, they explain that the term "nuclear fission" was first used in Physics by Lisa Meitner in a letter to Otto Hahn on December 19, 1938. ...
15
votes
5answers
4k views

Why did trench warfare accept deadlocks?

As someone who has never studied military history or strategy I find it very hard to understand how and why both sides got locked into relatively short lines of heavily defended trench warfare with ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

axis intelligence WW2

Most of us would be aware of multiple allied intelligence victories in WW2. But no such thing about axis? Were they that inefficient? I have read various theories how Abwehr members were themselves ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

When did people first started to consider lead poisoning as a possible problem?

In our modern view lead poisoning is very bad for cognitive development and might even bring people to commit more crimes. When in history did people first started to see lead as a possible problem?
18
votes
2answers
10k views

Who discovered first that the Moon does not have its own light?

Who (and when) discovered first that the Moon does not have its own light?
1
vote
2answers
188 views

did relic sellers have a specific name or term for their profession?

Was there a special name or term for people that sold fake relics to Christians on pilgrimage? Like selling swan feathers as angel feathers etc.
5
votes
5answers
322 views

How Did The Mongol Empire Get So BIG?

Undoubtedly, the largest empire in the existence of human history was the Mongol Empire, once a hodgepodge of warring nomadic tribes from Central Asia before banding together under the banner of ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What did this WWII combat medic insignia represent?

Regarding the arm patch on the combat medic, I've been unable to find its meaning online. Could someone help me identify this? I'm 99% sure the person (who is actually in the Air Force) is dressed as ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

Has anyone survived triggering a bounding landmine?

I just watched an episode of the television series Flashpoint, where a member of the police force steps on the trigger of a "CR38 bounding mine." Has anyone survived triggering a bounding mine in ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

How did the French and English forces “stack up” toward the end of the Hundred Years' War?

I am of the opinion that Joan of Arc, an "amateur" general, started France on the road to winning the war because she understood something that the "professionals" did not; that is, that the French ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

is this a correct ottoman map in year 1803m

I found this map on the internet .. in the comments many people said it might be wrong. 1-The name of the countries are wrong with wrong border. 2-Its too accurate. 3-Its not arabic ...
-9
votes
1answer
95 views

Did nobody at Nuremberg admit to the holocaust? [on hold]

None of the defendants at Nuremberg admitted to any part of the holocaust or any direct knowledge of the holocaust, and only one, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, head of the Reich Security Main Office, was ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Accurate predictions of scientific breakthroughs

We know that in 1939 Szilárd accurately predicted possibility of achieving nuclear chain reaction in "immediate future". This seems to be an outlier: it looks like predictions like that usually fail; ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Smallpox blankets before Germ Theory

How did Americans know that Native Americans would be infected with smallpox, from smallpox infected blankets, hundreds of years before germ theory?
4
votes
1answer
210 views

Looking for the 20th century painters on this t-shirt

I bought this t-shirt for a friend who is really into arts, but actually I don't know all the painters that are pictured on this shirt. Clock-wise, I recognize: René Magritte Edvard Munch Salvador ...
34
votes
5answers
6k views

Why were women targeted as witches?

I think that a few men, but many more women were convicted of using magic in Europe mostly during the years in between 1400 and 1800 and I think it became much more prevalent after the Protestant ...
18
votes
1answer
467 views

What is the ancestry of the Robertians, progenitors of the Bourbon dynasty?

The countries Spain and Luxembourg are currently ruled by kings from the House of Bourbon, so I thought I'd try to trace their (patrilineal) ancestry as far back as possible. Well, the Bourbons are ...
6
votes
2answers
438 views

Where did Metternich say the Balkans began?

Statesman and politician of Austrian Empire, Klemens von Metternich made somewhere his famous remark that "Balkan already begins on some road south from Vienna". Does anybody knows where was that road,...
-2
votes
0answers
104 views

Concept of impartiality in history [on hold]

Is there any concept of 'impartiality' in history? Historians (whether travellers or court) have been impartial in history?
5
votes
1answer
115 views

How dependent were the Germans on horse transport in their invasion of the Soviet Union?

The Germans were very sophisticated in "combined" operations, that is, in using airpower and tanks to attack behind the Soviet lines. That's what gave them the advantage in the early part of the war. ...
39
votes
6answers
2k views

Has a state ever “attacked” another one by printing fake money?

Has any state ever performed an "economic attack" against another state, by printing fake money of the victim's currency? Or, is it known if someone ever considered doing it, and which were the ...
7
votes
2answers
203 views

What stood behind Maria Theresa's forestry policy?

Maria Theresa of Austria established laws that determined how many trees you have to plant for every cut-down tree. Why? Did the industry need so many trees because of the industrial revolution?
8
votes
1answer
370 views

Was it worthwhile for Britain to side with the USA in the Canada-Alaska border dispute?

In 1903 the Canada-Alaska border dispute was decided by a tribunal of 3 American members, 2 Canadian members, and 1 British member. The British member sided with the Americans with the stated goal of ...
10
votes
2answers
288 views

Have Moscow and Beijing ever been cities under the same rule?

Have Moscow and Beijing ever been cities under the rule of the same empire? It should have been Mongol Empire, I suppose. How long has it lasted?
5
votes
2answers
399 views

How much contact did Sub-Saharan Africa actually have with the rest of the world since the beginning of civilization?

The book 'Guns, germs and steel' introduced me to the fact that the Sahara desert actually isolated Sub-Saharan Africa from the developments elsewhere since the beginning of civilization until ...
-5
votes
1answer
45 views

International student going to NYU next year [on hold]

So I'm an international student who's been living in Seoul, Korea all of his life. I am extremely excited to attending a college in NYC next year and want to briefly overview the history of the ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Tocqueville and the phrase “The great experiment”

The line "The great experiment" has become famous for being used by Tocqueville for describing the birth of modern democracy in America. It is supposed to be in the last paragraph of the first chapter ...
8
votes
1answer
852 views

Why did the Italians (and to some extent Jewish & Irish) dominate organized crime in the US in the 20th century?

Immigrants of a great many nationalities came to American shores, so why was it the Italians who reached such elaborate levels of criminal organization? (The Jewish & Irish seem to have come in ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

When did the idea that All Gays Are Pedophiles form?

When did the idea that All Gays Are Pedophiles form? Presumably, given the answers here, and assuming that the following is correct... Based partly on the purported hypersexualty of gays and ...
7
votes
4answers
353 views

Why did the German air force lose experienced pilots faster than the Allies, even though they were defending their home airspace?

During the 1940 Battle of Britain, German and British planes shot down each other at roughly a one to one rate. This gave an advantage to the British because all of the surviving German pilots shot ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Australian Head of State [closed]

Under the Australian Constitution, who will become Australia's Head of State if the British monarchy is suddenly dissolved or overthrown and Britain becomes a republic?
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Why is Hue's “Purple Forbidden City” so called?

Within the Imperial City complex in Huế, Vietnam, is a secondary citadel called in English the "Purple Forbidden City". (Or, per some sources, the "Forbidden Purple City.") According to my guide ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How much firepower did the British navy represent in 1940?

A question was recently asked about how Britain would have defended herself against a cross-channel invasion by Hitler. A key element in the British defense would be the Royal Navy. At the beginning ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Why haven't bankers gained as much power in China as the Medici got in Europe during their height? [on hold]

While the monotheist religions had bans on loaning money, Buddhism doesn't. Why didn't bankers manage to consolidate power in China during the Middle Ages?
4
votes
3answers
147 views

How was the Spanish Armada coordinated?

We know that the Spanish Armada was composed of over 200 ships. How did the Duke of Medina exercise any sort of control over a fleet this big with only 16th century technology? Do we know how the ...
18
votes
4answers
4k views

How far were women able to advance in the Gestapo?

I'm trying to write a story happening during World War 2, and I'd like to include there a female Gestapo agent/interrogator as a main character. However, I've been searching and I can't find evidence ...
19
votes
6answers
6k views

What prevented the Mongolian Empire from expanding into Europe?

The Mongolian Empire reached quite a vast extent according to the map below and leaders such as Genghis Khan seemed to defeat all their enemies consistently. Yet, the empire never extended into Europe,...
26
votes
5answers
7k views

Why didn't Hannibal attack Rome after the Battle of Cannae?

Hannibal Barca defeated 8 Roman legions in the Battle of Cannae. At that time Carthage also had control over Hispania. Why did Hannibal not seize Rome at that time?
20
votes
5answers
41k views

Why did the southern states secede from the U.S.?

Lincoln's election precipitated the secession, but didn't they have enough congressional power to continue things much as they were? It seems in the preceding two decades the slave states had managed ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Is this article on Nero even remotely accurate?

http://weev.livejournal.com/373187.html Some of the problems in this article is that while Nero was blond and blue eyed it ignored that he was spotted and potbellied not to mention a known sexual ...

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