All Questions

0
votes
1answer
11 views

Amount of ammunition typically carried by an C18th British redcoat

How many rounds of musket ammunition did the typical British redcoat carry during the C18th & Napoleonic wars?
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Why did serfdom disappear gradually in England?

Why did serfdom gradually die out in England? Why was its abolition not the locus of explosive and acute social conflict, like in Russia or France?
1
vote
1answer
27 views

What is the origin of “With an iron fist, we will drive humanity to happiness?”

What is the origin and context of the Marxist/Leninist quote "With an iron fist, we will drive humanity to happiness?" Rather than just the name of the author, some background would be helpful. For ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

What was Muhammad's religion before becoming a Muslim prophet?

According to this question, the predominant religion in Arabia before Islam was some kind of polytheism. While according to Muhammad's Wikipedia page, According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Why does Latin American history have such a low profile? [on hold]

Here's what I know about the history of what we now call Latin America. Pre-Amerindians arrive via Alaska Mayas, Incas, Aztecs, etc. Europeans arrive, kill everybody Simon Bolivar does ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

What are the “ancient liberties” of the City of London?

I recently learned that three clauses of the Magna Carta are still part of UK law — the liberties of the English Church, the privileges of the City of London, and the right to trial by jury. I think ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

What are all the countries that voted by supporting, opposing and neutral for LTTE?

LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) is one among the rebel organizations in this world. There was a polling conducted at united nations to remove the ban on LTTE, stating it as a terror group, ...
8
votes
1answer
259 views

Did Ben Franklin actually make any tofu?

It is well documented that Franklin was interested in tofu, which he called a sort of cheese made from beans, and he got a recipe for making it that he sent on to others. But no source that I have ...
4
votes
2answers
163 views

Chiang's allies were “a kidnapper, a hooligan and a bully” but which was which?

It is said that Chiang Kai-shek complained bitterly about his allies Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union (the latter admittedly not at war with Japan till the very end). But when he ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

State of temporary recklessness of ancient Greeks

It was once explained to me that in ancient Greece when a person was reflecting on their own action that they later recognised as reckless or shameful, they would say that the gods have "blinded" them ...
3
votes
4answers
104 views

When did scientists first postulate that Earth's atmosphere might have an upper limit?

In plenty of myths and stories from ancient (and not-so-ancient) history, people are able to fly or climb all the way up to the "dome of the sky," breathing all the way. But even once science had ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

What was the average height in Classical Greece?

This is a follow-up for Average height of Ancient Roman Men and Women? : I'm curious what was the average height and build of men & women citizens of Greek states (Athens, Sparta, etc) in ...
-3
votes
0answers
14 views

Start of the Civil War? [on hold]

What were the most important factors in the start of the Civil War?
7
votes
0answers
53 views

Strange Symbol Painted on Basement Floor

Given the layers of dirt this symbol and the walkway were found under, I assume it was painted before the 1960s. The house was likely built between 1900-1913, with the basement being dug at the same ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Did anyone in Spain support the return of Alfonso XIII?

Alfonso XIII was deposed as King of Spain in 1930. As we all know, the Spanish republic in turn was overthrown in 1939. I know there were Falangists who wanted something Hitler-y, and Carlists who ...
6
votes
1answer
99 views

Who invented and marketed the first “clip on” headphones?

Headphone style terminology seems dodgy at best, but I'm trying to determine what company first sold this style of headphone in the US: I've seen them variously described as "on the ear," "clip on" ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

How much is known about the Earl of Sandwich's sandwich?

According to the Wikipedia article on sandwich, the food was named after the Earl of Sandwich. How much details exist about his first sandwich? Is there enough details to accurately recreate it?
5
votes
1answer
636 views

When passports/border checks became widespread?

I was reading the Wikipedia on passports, and there were numerous important dates in passport history, but I didn't find any date when passports became widely used documents for travelling. I see ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Did the natives of North Africa resent the presence of the Germans during the Second World War?

During the Second World War, did the Arabs of North Africa care at all that the Germans were invading their countries, or did they think that there was no difference between the Germans and France and ...
5
votes
2answers
268 views

How were middle ranking Nazis known to the allies before the end of the war?

According to Hanns and Rudolf by Thomas Harding near the end of WW2 the allies created a large database ... known as CROWCASS, of war criminals which they intended to target once victory was achieved. ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Cult related law made in US

Was there some law formed in US after Jonestown mass suicide, regarding religious or such kind of clique/sect/cabals? or what actions were taken regarding limiting and monitoring cult activities by US ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

When was it discovered that the stars are not all lying on the same sphere?

In Ptolemy and Copernicus' systems, the stars were believed to rest upon a single sphere, the 'celestial sphere'. People thought they were all the same distance away from earth. Kepler's insight was ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

During the age of fragmentation in Tibet was there any major power?

When reading about the end of the Tibetan empire, information about the political situation of the area is scarce (most authors focus a lot on the religion). Basically, who was de facto or de jure in ...
8
votes
3answers
121 views

Clauses against unifications in peace treaties

I have learned in school that the Treaty of Versailles (after World War I in 1919) contained a clause that forbade unification of Germany and Austria. Presumably it is Article 80: Germany ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Did the Torch operation help doom the Germans at Stalingrad?

Amid calls for a "second front," the Anglo-Americans landed in North Africa Operation Torch, in early November, 1942. Some say that it was a "sideshow," others say that it was a "cross-ruffing" ...
10
votes
0answers
123 views
+50

How did nobles upon the Grand Tour evade or mitigate the danger of banditry?

The era of the Grand Tour was rife with banditry; and yet the rite of passage remained popular amongst the aristocracy. What reported methods did nobles use to either evade banditry or mitigate the ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Why did the island of Bali remain Hindu when most of the rest of Indonesia converted to Islam?

The Wiki page on the spread of Islam in Indonesia stresses that our knowledge of this macro-historical process is fragmentary, for instance often we don’t how the religion diffused out into the ...
4
votes
2answers
153 views

What is the first example of a Western government passing a sin tax?

What is the first example of a Western government passing a sin or vice tax -- that is, a tax passed primarily to discourage consumption of certain goods due to moral, not economic, concerns? ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How is the oldest bank in Mongolia only 24 years old?

According to Wikipedia, the Trade and Development Bank of Mongolia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trade_and_Development_Bank_of_Mongolia) is the oldest bank in Mongolia. This is further supported by a ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Did civilian cold war bunkers plan for inclusion of family pets?

At the height of the Cold War, total extermination was considered a possibility. In which case any beloved domestic pets like dogs and cats would presumably die unless included in the civilian bunker ...
16
votes
2answers
16k views

Why did the Federalist party collapse?

The Federalist Party in the United States was a significant political force during the early years of the United States' history. Wikipedia doesn't really cite reasons why the party declined and ...
-4
votes
0answers
46 views

What nations claim to have discovered America? [on hold]

Recently, the Turkish leader Erdogan, claimed Muslims had discovered America before Columbus, namely in the year 1178. His evidence was a logbook entry of Christoper Columbus which he claimed to ...
6
votes
0answers
123 views

Dresses of Catherine the Great

How many dresses did Catherine the Great have in her wardrobe just before she died. I have a clue that one of their lovers took notes. I'm still researching and I will post if I find something.
5
votes
2answers
293 views

Why did Ancient Pueblo peoples build their homes in cliffs?

The Ancient Pueblo peoples are known for their cliff dwellings found throughout the American Southwest, in places like Mesa Verde, Bandelier, Montezuma Castle, and the Gila Cliff Dwellings. Why did ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Nomination of candidates in 1824 election

The traditional method of nominating candidates before 1824 in America was "King Caucus", informal congressional caucus. For the 1824 election, William Crawford was nominated by Caucus and four other ...
30
votes
11answers
7k views

Were the Medieval Britons aware of the existence of the Roman Empire?

I would like to know if the medieval people in Britain, by around 800 AD, knew that there was an empire that ruled Britain several hundreds of years before. Otherwise, were there any myths, legends, ...
9
votes
1answer
93 views

Who owned Franz Josef islands between 1918-1926?

Franz Josef land was discovered and claimed by Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1873. Previously Norway discovered it, but they never reported the discovery. The Austro-Hungarian Empire dissoluted in ...
3
votes
1answer
927 views

Did JFK really say “Hitler is one of the greatest men…one of the most significant figures that ever lived”? [on hold]

¿Did JFK really say: Hitler is one of the greatest men, the old trust him, the young idolize him. It is the worship of a national hero who has served his country.…Within a few years, Adolf Hitler ...
19
votes
5answers
2k views

What were Hitler's religious beliefs?

Hitler is often cited as an example of an evil atheist (along with Stalin and Mao). But there are several quotes from him that seem to indicate he believed in the Christian God - and even used this to ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Wendell Phillips Quote

What did Wendell Phillips mean when he said, "Revolutions never go backwards."? I believe that Abraham Lincoln also used this quote as a means of promoting the Republican Party and anti-slavery ...
2
votes
3answers
58 views

When was flat glass invented? [on hold]

The question is pretty simple. I'm quite curious about since when we are lucky to have windows with glass in them. And since when is there faint glass that isn't perfectly see-through?
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Is there a Buddhist-Franciscan connection?

A sentence in a book review seems to presuppose that: Cardini also says nothing about the Muslim world as a conduit for cultural goods from even greater distances, such as Chinese-style ...
20
votes
7answers
5k views

How severe were the casualties in ancient/medieval battles?

I've heard that in most battles prior to the introduction of gunpowder weapons, the casualties were usually very low (around 5% even in long battles) prior to the moment when someone's formation was ...
9
votes
2answers
211 views

How did the way commanders ask their troops to deal with the immediate death of their comrades vary by country/culture during WWII?

I have researched extensively but may not be asking the right question. I am interested in learning how military forces were asked to deal with the death of their comrades immediately after the fact ...
8
votes
2answers
642 views

How did the Tutsis win the civil war in Rwanda after 70% of them had been killed?

I read an assertion that as high as over 70% of Rwanda's Tutsis were killed in the Rwanda genocide. Yet immediately after the genocide the anti-government Tutsi rebel group NPF successfully defeated ...
6
votes
0answers
50 views

Whig party identification in the House of Lords

After the Whigs became subsumed into the Liberal party, did the label survive in the House of Lords? As of today, the longest serving current peer began his tenure during the Second World War. It ...
-2
votes
0answers
43 views

Africas' rulers, how do they rate against the largest empires, to date? [on hold]

History has seen many conquerors, and the list would certainly be large enough to fill this page. If we compare the likes of Genghiz khan, and recently Hitler, or Napoleon, how do African dictators ...
4
votes
2answers
224 views

Why were Soviets so extremely effective snipers in WW2?

I found a top 10 sniper list from 2nd world war which contains 9 soviet soldiers, and only 1 finnish soldier. Namely: Stepan Vasilievich Petrenko Vasilij Ivanovich Golosov Fyodor Trofimovich ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Do British peers have a special way of signing their names?

This passage in wikipedia implies that they do: Shortly before his death, Forrest was informed that the King had approved his being raised to the British peerage as Baron Forrest of Bunbury. ...
-2
votes
0answers
35 views

Did Marcus Tullius Cicero have a Patron/Sponsor? [on hold]

Did Cicero have a Patron/Sponsor? Who was he? Where was he born? How/In what way did he assist Cicero? Was it purely Monetary?

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