15
votes
4answers
563 views

What would be accurate illustrations of vikings and viking culture?

Vikings didn't have horned helmets as is often depicted. Where can I find accurate representations how vikings and viking society looked?
3
votes
3answers
252 views

What is the most noteworthy defection of a member of the Nazi party to the Allies during WWII?

During WWII, before it became clear the Nazis were going to lose, is there any especially noteworthy examples of a member or members of the Nazi party defecting to the Allies? I'm aware noteworthy is ...
7
votes
2answers
654 views

How did commoners in late medieval to early modern Europe learn to read?

Literacy in the early Middle Ages was very low, but as I recall, by the time of Reformation quite a lot of commoners could read. Even if they were not very good in reading and writing, by the 17th ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

How did people categorize each other in the middle ages, how did racism work? [on hold]

I'm interested in the european high middle ages, about the 12th-13th century. I'm trying to understand how people sorted each other. Nowadays, some overlapping categories people use would be: ...
19
votes
4answers
5k views

Why did Saladin show kindness to Richard I?

Why did Saladin, when Richard the Lionhearted was sick with a fever, send him a gift of fruit? Or when Richard's horse was killed in battle, he sent a steed to be led to his camp?
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Does the reversal of the ribbon on a military medal (South Africa / UK; WWII) carry meaning or is it simply an error?

My father was showing me his father's WWII medals for service in the South African military. Having found images depicting the official order of wear I noticed that some had reversed ribbons. I ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

What does the skull and crossbones on the Nazi uniform represent?

I was watching The Boy in Striped Pyjamas, and I saw this skull and crossbones on this Nazi's cap. Why is it there? (That is, what does this represent?)
6
votes
4answers
3k views

How did Maximilien de Robespierre lose control of his Reign of Terror and die by the guillotine?

Maximilien de Robespierre was one of the best influential figures of the French Revolution and died at the young age of only 36. He started the Reign of Terror and the tool of his Terror was the ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Was hitchhiking common in Ancient Rome?

I am writing a story about a soldier who survived from an ambush and he hide several days.then he walked to a village, While he is on the way(walking on a road) he saw a caravan ... so my question is ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Did Gandhi ever make a comment about Islam?

Gandhi famously said about Christians: I like your Christ, I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ. I realise that in his time the Indian subcontinent was being ...
-3
votes
0answers
39 views

Undemocratic systems that came out of democratic systems without violence [on hold]

Thinking about the rising power which multinational corporations gain over national governments, I've been debating with a friend on how democratic systems like in the US or most EU nations could be ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

What were common reasons people attended executions in mid 1930s.?

In The Green Mile movie (1999) the main character is a guardian in jail and performs death penalty executions. One can see that on such executions some external people come to watch (as "external" I ...
4
votes
1answer
645 views

How did historians sync up historical dates of different cultures? [on hold]

How do people know, say, that some specific event happened in China 1200 BC? Or the Mayans did something in AD 150? Back then, didn't they all use a different calendar system?
23
votes
4answers
2k views

When and why did having long hair become associated with women, and short hair with men?

It's obvious that having short or long hair is an identity sign for men and women respectively, more or less worldwide. I wonder why something like this happened, though. Maybe it was a way to ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Why is the Bishopric of Canterbury located in London?

As far as I understand the seat used to be in Canterbury and then was transferred to London but kept the title. Is that true and when did this happen?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Were students punished for mocking the Japanese national anthem? [on hold]

During the Japanese occupation of Singapore, are there any records of students being punished for mocking the Japanese national anthem? Was there any law/regulation/policy that penalized such an act? ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

Why was Northern Ireland mostly peaceful from the late 1920s to the mid 1960s?

After a bloody civil war and partition in the 20s,northern Ireland had about 40 years of peace. This was despite the many grievances the Catholics had at that time. This resulted in violence in the ...
37
votes
10answers
6k views

When were swords last used in European warfare?

Specifically, I'm interested in the last documented occurrence of swords (of any sort) being used as a primary weapon by infantrymen or cavalrymen in Western warfare. That is, when did any European or ...
-1
votes
0answers
56 views

Are there reports of Nazi scientists vomiting at the sight of Japanese medical experiments? [on hold]

Michael Oh, a missionary to Japan who I just wrote about in an answer on SE, has claimed on multiple occasions that: Nazi scientists who visited Japanese medical experimentation facilities vomited ...
11
votes
5answers
15k views

Number of bullets used in WW2

I have wondered if there are any estimates on the number of bullets used in World War 2. I have thought about the question but cannot even get a plausible attack strategy.
2
votes
0answers
64 views

When did lecherousness, in Western Culture, become a primarily male quality, instead of a female one? Or is that not true? [on hold]

When did lecherousness, in Western Culture, become a primarily male quality, instead of a female one? According to TvTropes: I'm a Man, I Can't Help It: Very much Newer Than They Think. In ...
5
votes
3answers
274 views

Can the University of Bologna be considered the first university in the world?

There are usually two different opinions: the first group considers the University of Bolgona to be officially the first one, some others instead claim that there might have been other groups of ...
-2
votes
0answers
28 views

trying to find info about us army pw stockade rodheim germany

My wife has pictures from a relative that was stationed in Rodheim, Germany in 1947. I would like to know his unit or any anything that will give me insight on what that base was all about. I have ...
23
votes
6answers
8k views

Where did the Gaels originate?

The origin and spreading out of the Celtic peoples is a topic shrouded in mystery, at least to my mind. While the Germanic migrations occurred during the late Imperial Roman period and Early Middle ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Need help interpreting “silver” hallmark - 1706?

I'm looking for some assistance in interpreting the silver hallmark in the image below. EPNS tells us it's not real silver, could 1706 really be the true date with that in mind? What does the ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it true that US tracer rounds were red and VC green during Vietnam war?

Quote from American Marine diary about tracers during vietnam: 0200 hours - Heavier fire coming in. Never had seen green tracers used against us. In a way, kind of pretty to look at, red ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Layout of Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Shafts?

I'm investigating proposed alignments between pyramid* shafts and constellations for a video project, and for it, I need to know shaft angles and directions, the directions with respect to true North ...
-4
votes
2answers
88 views

Why didn't the ancient Egyptians conquer an empire? [on hold]

If we look for example to Romans and Greeks we will find that they had great empires, they invaded a lot of countries and established civilizations outside their countries. Why didn't ancient ...
-1
votes
0answers
41 views

When did Jews achieve total emancipation in Britain? [on hold]

I have read something which says that despite the Relief Acts in 1846 and 1858 Jews did not obtain full emancipation until 1890. Even though this opened up all positions to British Jews except ...
3
votes
2answers
638 views

Stalin cultivated a “Friend of the Children” image: Why? Did other communist/socialist leaders do the same?

Part of Stalin's cult of personality was his promulgation of a "Friend of the children" image. What was the reason for this? What other communist or socialist leaders also used this tactic? (I ...
25
votes
2answers
596 views

Which war games did Napoleon practice with his generals?

I have read that Napoleon actively used to play strategy games with his generals in order to understand how they act in a range of situations. The generals also learned the same thing about each ...
-4
votes
0answers
50 views

What is the difference between SAM, ASM, AAM and SSM missiles? [on hold]

Aside from where it's launched from and where it's going, of course. I mean, they're all missiles. Why don't just use the same missile to attack surface and air? Perhaps, their 'ingredients'? Thanks. ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

What was the reaction to English monarchs using the title “King of France”?

After the Hundred Years War (or "wars") the English had been wiped off France, but English monarchs kept using their official title "King of France". As I understand, this was to legalize their claims ...
8
votes
1answer
642 views

How did Churchill and Stalin intend to translate the percentages in the “Percentages agreement”?

In "percentages agreement", Stalin and Churchill allegedly divided Southeastern Europe to sphere of influences of the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. According to Churchill's account quoted by ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

Are there any theories about what health problems would a man of the past suffer in the current age?

Thinking about the problems which the natives of the Americas suffered when they met the Europeans, I wondered how a man of the past could survive in the modern age. Problems could be caused by ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

What is known about the censuses taken by Augustus? [closed]

What is known of census' taken in Imperial Rome? Are there any remaining records of them? How were they conducted and for what purpose? Wikipedia refers to the Census of Quirinius, although it ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

How did Napoleon I succeed in France despite his shortcomings in French?

TL;DR. My question: The following sources onfirm that despite Napoleon's industry and perseverance, he never refined his French to the level of a native fluent speaker. So how did he succeed in ...
-1
votes
3answers
98 views

What is the reason of Mongol Empire success conquering that huge territory?

I found out that Mongol Empire had around 100,000 soldiers on the field. Most of them were cavalries and they had great battle tactics. Isn't that figure however a bit low to conquer and control ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

What is 'real socialism'?

I have been assigned a monograph about the countries of real socialism. While I understand the topic and have been successful at writing up the work, I am having difficulty in finding a definition for ...
-1
votes
1answer
87 views

How did Americans' hatred of taxes shape the country up through the Gilded Age? [closed]

It is clear that many Americans hated taxes and that it was one of the causes of the Revolutionary War. However, the effect of taxes shaping America after Independence up until the Gilded Age is not ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Why weren't Baden, Würtemberg and Bavaria independent states ever restored? [closed]

The southern german states of Baden, Würtemberg and Bavaria were independent states until 1871. Their historical background is quite different from the northern Germany which was dominated by Prussia ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Jewish Slave Owners in the United States

David Duke has a video on YouTube about Jewish participation in various slave trades in Western history. At the 7:40 mark he states: In the pre-Civil War United States 2% of white gentile ...
18
votes
5answers
3k views

Why did the Dutch, French & British acquire minor colonies in South America?

We know that South America was partitioned between Spain and Portugal in the early days of empire when Spain and Portugal were the major powers. Later, in the 19th century, when Spain and Portugal ...
12
votes
3answers
328 views

The Purpose of Mystery Object 40.9.11

In the summer of 1915, a wireless telegraph station in Sayville, Long Island owned by the German company Telefunken was caught sending covert commands to U-Boats patrolling the Atlantic Ocean. The ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Which gender had the words for social roles in ancient gaulish? [on hold]

I would like to know which gender had the words for social roles in ancient celtic languages. To give a very specific example, I would be very interested by knowing how to refer: to a female and to ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Was there a battle were Russians forces rallied around a religious icon to achieve victory?

I remember on my last visit to Moscow, there was an incredible art piece where a group of priests carrying orthodox icons are surrounded by soldiers with spears and swords. I remember the legend ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Is there a painting from before the colonization of the Americas depicting travelers from far away visiting European nobles?

Is there a painting from before the colonization of the Americas depicting European nobles being entertained or given gifts by travelers from far away places, such as sub-saharan Africa or India? I'm ...
7
votes
2answers
533 views

How did galleys battle?

Until the late 16th century, galleys were the main battleships. They were then started to be replaced by larger galleons, as the galleons could carry much bigger cannons with the developed technology. ...
-3
votes
0answers
66 views

Who are some preferably American “Great People” who were born to rich parents? [closed]

I need to know the names of three Great Americans (Ie, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Ford, the Wright Brothers, etc) who were born to rich parents who lived between the 1800's to 1950's. ...
5
votes
2answers
259 views

How many soldiers did Ghengis Khan field?

I'm looking for the number of soldiers the Mongol Empire had at the time of Genghis Khan. What percentage of them were ethnically Mongolians?

15 30 50 per page