2
votes
3answers
451 views

How Likely Was a French Alliance with Italy or Japan in World War I?

My World History class is re-enacting World War I and I have been assigned France. I'm looking for countries who allied with France or were potential allies. Please help if you know any good alliances ...
37
votes
4answers
7k views

Why are the German and French languages so different?

My understanding (which could be wrong) is the following: During and before the period of the fall of western Rome (roughly 400 AD), the Franks and the Alemanni were tribal people who moved around a ...
-3
votes
1answer
34 views

Where can I find demographic information for the Roman Empire?

I'm researching hypothesis' to account for the fall of the Roman Empire. Where could I find data series concerning population and immigration numbers in the Roman Empire? Is there even any ...
47
votes
4answers
7k views

Why are Germans referred to so differently in different languages?

I was inspired by the other question "Why are the German and French languages so different?". But while, for me, the answer was obvious (the Romans did not conquer most parts of today's Germany and so ...
-3
votes
1answer
70 views

How many factories (heavy industry) did the US have in 1960?

How many heavy industrial factories did the US have in 1960? This would include all vehicle factories (car, train, bulldozer, marine vessels, aircraft). It would also include steelmaking and other ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

What portion of tariffs was paid by Southern states before American Civil War?

UPDATE Folks, I have to clarify my question. Post is very long, and it looks like question itself is not pronounced clearly. I am not asking if tariffs were the reason of secession and war; l know ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Did ancient cave artists practice first?

In, for example, Chauvet cave - where the paintings first-time efforts, was practice carried out on the surface before painting was done in the caves ? Where only skilled artists allowed or ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How was debt handled in the change over from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian?

I was reading about New Style and Old Style dates, and I thought about the deletion of dates during the transition. From Wikipedia's article on the Gregorian calendar: When the new calendar was ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Which eras have historians proposed that we are currently living in?

This is something that I've been researching for the past few weeks and have found a few answers, but I assume I'm missing a few of them. Basically, the question is this: In which ways have modern ...
10
votes
4answers
443 views
+50

What is the historical reason for 18 years being the most popular age of adulthood?

Most countries define the age of adulthood at 18 years. Why is this? Was there some historical precedent set in ancient rome/greece or something like that? Why 18 years and not some "nicer" number ...
27
votes
10answers
20k views

Which religion was the first monotheistic one?

Which religion was the first monotheistic one? Was it Judaism or a religion which disappeared from practice?
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Help me recognize this naval action

I recall reading a Wikipedia article about an Age of Sail naval combat incident between two vessels, the smaller one being attacked by the larger one. I don't remember anything about the participants ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

What was the status of Arab Christians during the crusades?

Did Arab Christians take an active role in the crusades in the Holy Land or at any point on their trip to the Holy Land. Or were they victims of the crusaders? Did the crusaders typically ...
9
votes
2answers
744 views

Did the Safavid rulers require all subjects to convert to Shi'a Islam?

On one hand I've read that Shi'a Islam was the only religion allowed in the Safavid empire. On the other hand, the empire contained parts of Armenia and Georgia, but Armenians and Georgians are ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

What do the letters “L” and “G” mean on the coat of arms of the city of Liège?

The coat of arms of Liège consists of a column (called a Perron) with lions at the base. The column is flanked by the letters L and G: What do the letters L and G stand for? My guess is a Latin ...
2
votes
5answers
280 views

Why did Gen. Lee (Civil War) surrender to the U.S?

I am sure, from different sources, that his men were willing to fight to the death, even if they were surrounded. Also, if they were willing to fight in the first place, because the issue was so ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

What is the oldest ruler whose remains can be positively identified?

I realize this question can be quite controversial since "positive identification" is rather subjective especially with regards to ancient history. Regardless, I am curious to know which ancient ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

What do the four castles on the flag of Ibiza represent?

The flag of Ibiza consists of four horizontal, red stripes on a yellow background. Each corner of the flag contains a seven-tower castle above a wave. What is the significance of the four castles? ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Did American forces specifically target officers during the revolutionary war?

There is a story that says that American revolutionaries fought unconventionally against the British, including targeting their officers, which was not done between European forces. Is this true or ...
5
votes
3answers
120 views

Was Willem the Silent Dutch?

Willem the Silent is widely considered to be the father of the Netherlands, but I have found that he was born in Nassau, Germany, which was then part of the Holy Roman empire. His ancestors were born ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

What does the Aztec word “calpuleque” mean?

What does the Aztec word "calpuleque" mean? Who does it refer to? What is its relationship with the words "calpulli", "alteptl" and "tlaotani"?
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Why did the Phoenicians let the Hebrews (Jews) settle in Canaan?

I know the Hebrews (Jews) started traveling from shumor and Mesopotamia before entering Canaan (Today it is Israel). The Phoenicians were located at the time in Lebanon and Israel area. The ...
10
votes
2answers
202 views

In Canada, is it true that when Mormons first arrived (1887) they weren't allowed to settle within 50km of Lethbridge?

In 1886, a Mormon named Charles Card was directed by the then President on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, to go north and find a suitable settlement site in Canada. In ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Why did Charles V divide his holdings as he did?

Even as monarchs go, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor was one lucky individual. He inherited Austria and the job of Holy Roman Emperor, as well as the Netherlands (including Belgium) through his father, ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

How were the borders of the Holy Roman Empire established?

We all know that the Holy Roman Empire was a collection of minor Germanic states in the Medieval and Renaissance Europe. Wikipedia stated that: The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of ...
5
votes
1answer
267 views

Who was the last English king whose first language was French?

What I remember from my college course is that whenever a delegation of barons came to discuss their grievances in English, the King would hear them out politely without understanding a word, conclude ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

What was British spy Greville Wynne supposed to be selling?

I'm researching a history of the British hippy movement. I've interviewed an old hippy who claimed that he travelled to India along the hippy trail in a vehicle that had been converted for British spy ...
0
votes
2answers
159 views

Why did Operation Barbarossa fail? [on hold]

Operation Barbarossa was arguably the main event of World War - had Germany succeeded, they could possibly have gone on to win the war. They ultimately failed, but what were the major reasons for ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

What was the age distribution in the Bronze Age? How do I find out?

What was the age distribution in the Bronze Age? How do I find out? I've seen citations "around" (encyclopedias and wikipedia) that say the life expectancy in the Bronze Age was around 26 yet this ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Did a US Territory Gaining Statehood by Itself Bestow Citizenship to Anyone Who Was Present?

Heinrich Schliemann in his Autobiography wrote (p.18): Ich befand mich noch in Californien, als dasselbe am 4. Juli 1850 zum Staate erhoben wurde, und da alle an jenem Tage im Lande Verweilenden ...
5
votes
1answer
273 views

Did genocide occur in the Football War?

In the Football War between El Salvador and Honduras, the El Salvador claimed that genocide had occurred in Honduras. However, was anybody actually prosecuted for these actions, or were these claims ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

What caused this cratering pattern at Hiroshima?

I was reading this article here, which includes an interesting photo of Hiroshima: The caption on the photo indicates that it was taken three weeks after the atomic bomb was dropped. The photo ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Who's this Egyptian woman?

I was wonder who this woman was. It isn't Nefertiti, so I was wondering if this was Isis or Cleopatra or perhaps anyone else, I'm unsure. The symbol on her head is a snake and she's just holding a ...
10
votes
2answers
973 views

Did Japan have any continental colonies before modern times?

Imperial Japan built up an impressive collection of colonies on the Asian mainland due to their uncontested navy and comparatively modern army. Did Japan ever hold any colonies on the mainland before ...
12
votes
7answers
586 views

Is there any country(former colony) in the world that obtained independence and then again tried to join its colonist ruler?

Is there any country(former colony) in the world that fought for/obtained independence and then again tried to join its colonist ruler? I guess an African country did so. Can anyone tell me?
8
votes
3answers
147 views

What factors prevented the legality of secession being pursued via the courts prior to the outbreak of the Civil War?

I've seen references to Lincoln's political maneuvering to prevent the question of secession from being brought to the supreme court in the days preceding the conflict, presumably for fear a ruling ...
0
votes
4answers
236 views

What does 'a long train' mean in the Declaration of Independence

As a child I always imagined a bunch railroad cars, yet from my understanding the railway system didn't really appear until the 1800's. And, if there was no steam engine to pull the cars, the only ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Did the Persian Empire really finance both sides of the Peloponnesian war?

I thought that the Persian empire was an enemy of these states and I've read somewhere that the Spartans indeed won the Peloponnesian war with the help of the Persian empire but in an answer here it's ...
22
votes
10answers
6k views

Why of all units is Time standard?

I'm an American science student, and as such have to constantly fight with the Metric and English unit systems. One thing that a couple other students and I were wondering is why, of all the different ...
-1
votes
2answers
76 views

Could Constantinople have fallen in 1453 even if the city had used Greek fire? [on hold]

Constantinople repelled the sieges of 678 and 717 with Greek fire. Why was Greek fire used in the earlier period and not against the Ottomans? Did the Ottomans have "antidotes" against Greek fire ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Burma railway & Hanoi Hilton POW project

I am a junior in high school, and I have to give a large history exhibition at the end of the year. As my topic, I chose to compare the POW camps following the construction of the Burma railway during ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

When did the modern discourse of equality develop?

I know that racial segregation was gone by the end of 1968, and that New Zealand allowed Women to vote in 1893, from which most of the world followed. But, the thought of a world where everyone, ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Why did Germany have so many important scientists and thinkers around the turn of the 20th century?

I got an impression that Germany at the turn of the 20th century had a lot of very important thinkers and scientists, who created foundation for lots of modern theories and philosophical concept. ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Native peoples of North and South America impressions of Europeans

Are there any records from the Native people's of North and South America, of what their perception of Europeans were? I know that many of the groups of people Europeans encountered were not literate ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

What is a 'general strike'? [on hold]

What does "general strike" mean when talking about the main crisis in Weimar Republic when they failed to pay the reparations?
23
votes
2answers
2k views

How do historians verify historical claims?

What are some common methods to verify historical claims?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

What was the stand of K Kamaraj about anti-Hindi agitation of 1965?

What was the stand of K Kamaraj in anti Hindi agitation in 1965? What were his actions to stop the people from riot? And whether the leaders from Congress in Tamilnadu supported the Hindi imposition? ...
3
votes
1answer
397 views

How did Urdun come to be called Jordan?

In the Middle East, everybody calls this country something more like "Urdun" or "Ordon". How did it come to be called "Jordan" in the West? What is the history of the name of this country?
2
votes
2answers
87 views

How were the territories added to (and thus the limits set in) the Holy Roman Empire

I've seen a similar question but not with the answer I'm looking for. During its existence, HRE had limits including and excluding territories that did not follow any criteria according to the ...
1
vote
3answers
170 views

What role (if any) did lend-lease equipment play in the Second Battle of El-Alamein?

I'm specifically thinking military materiel and its significance in the outcome of the Allied victory. Thanks in advance!

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