0
votes
1answer
18 views

How many people died directly or indirectly because of colonialism? British in particular

I know a lot of languages, cultures have been destroyed along with countless lives. Can anyone estimate the number? Which region was the worst affected? Was anyone really punished for at least parts ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Framers and Criminal Voting Rights

At the time of the drafting of the Constitution, who can and cannot vote was left up to the states. Despite leaving it up to the states to decide, did any of the Framers view that criminals, either in ...
14
votes
3answers
287 views

Were there ever actual organizations of pirates?

You can see depictions of pirate organizations in popular media a fair bit. For example, in many movies, and the Captain Morgan commercials. But I get the impression from my readings that most pirate ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

How many Britons lived in India during the British Raj (1858 - 1947)?

How many Britons lived (not just visited shortly) in India during the British Raj (1858 - 1947)? There might be two answers, both of them interesting: The amount of Britons in India over time - ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

What a sheepfold used for?

In the British Isles (and other regions of the world) drywall pens were built for sheep. In England they were called sheepfolds. What they were used for? For example as a shelter in a pasture to ...
5
votes
2answers
67 views

Anthropophagy perpetrated by crusaders?

King Tafur's men reportedly ate human flesh during the first crusade. The same was said of King Richard and his men during the second crusade: King Richard shall warrant There is no flesh so ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Did any relevant Mexican authority ever acknowledge the secession of Texas before the start of the Mexican-American War?

I am an amateur historian with only a couple days' research under my belt, but I am putting together a theory that paints the Mexican-American War as a war of purely American aggression (Texas as the ...
10
votes
2answers
116 views

Were US exports in the early 1800s paid for with metal or with paper?

In the early 1800s, when people in the US exported goods to Europe, how were those goods paid for? What did the buyers actually send back on ships crossing the Atlantic to pay for the goods? I can ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

How different were Labour and Conservative party lines on race immigration and empire in around 1962?

Though obviously I want responses to focus on concrete answers and evidence for the title question, I am ultimately interested in how likely it would have been for the 1962 Commonwealth Immigration ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

What is the age of Machu Picchu principal temple?

Brian Foerster in this video tells a theory that Incas built their city on top of an older one, judging by the difference in the block material (granite), size, and the precision of their composition. ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

The Nuu-Chah-Nulths, when did whaling end?

I am wondering when the Nuu-Chah-Nulths stopped whaling. I've been looking around and can't seem to find anything, it would be a great help if anyone had the answer, thanks in advance to anyone who ...
4
votes
1answer
456 views

Why was health insurance not included in the Social Security Act of 1935?

The United States has spent much of the last two decades, for instance, arguing about how best to reform the odd public-private health insurance scheme that grew up around Franklin Roosevelt’s ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views
+300

Where can I find annual population estimates for each US state, from 1865-1899?

For 1900 onwards, the US Census Bureau has population estimates for each US state, for each year. There are also decennial censal counts for 1860, 1870, 1880, etc. But where can I find population ...
19
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the earliest evidence of contact between Ireland and Egypt?

There is a folk tale of an Egyptian princess in Ireland around 1700 BC. Is there credible evidence of early contact between the two places?
5
votes
2answers
65 views

Token status of the Mughal throne

The Mughal power began to decline after death of Aurangzeb. Within 30 years of his death, Mughals lost most of their South Indian possesions. New states were established by 3 prime nobles, Sadat Ali ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

How did Alexander III of Macedon get the title “the Great”?

Alexander III of Macedon is referred to as Alexander "the great", but who gave him this title? At what point in history was he acknowledged as such and why is he considered so great?
2
votes
1answer
58 views

When was encrypted voice over radio first used?

I have been trying to find when encrypted radio's were first used? Not something like the German Enigma that transmitted encrypted data but when a person could actually talk to another person over an ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Sources for colonial ethnopsychiatry [on hold]

Does anyone have any interesting/obscure sources (primary or secondary) in the field of colonial psychiatry? I already have the expected Mculloch, Keller, Megan Vaughn, Sally Swartz. I've been ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What prevented the Mongolian Empire from expanding into Europe?

The Mongolian Empire reached quite a vast extent according to the map below and leaders such as Genghis Khan seemed to defeat all their enemies consistently. Yet, the empire never extended into ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Persian Letters

Assume that Montesquieu was trying to send a message to his readers about French politics under the Bourbon monarchy when he published The Persian Letters in 1721. Was it a message of reform, i.e., ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Did the U.S Constitution revoke or merely amend the the Articles of Confederation?

This may seem like a silly question, but I only ask because of a U.S. Supreme Court case that actually cited the Articles of Confederation. After the civil war, there is this case called ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

What is the true politcal system of Israel? [on hold]

Israeli voters do not elect individual candidates, but vote for a closed list of candidates determined by each political party. For example, if the party wins 10 seats, the first 10 candidates on the ...
7
votes
2answers
176 views

Ice usage before the industrial revolution

In some cases, before the industrial revolution, nobles and other elites had access to ice in regions where it wasn't naturally available. How could they get it? Was it simply transported in big ...
4
votes
2answers
146 views

What do citizens of countries that partition do about new anthems?

I am fascinated with creation and adoption of national anthems. I find it especially intriguing with such countries that were once a union and then broke apart. My interest/question deals with two ...
22
votes
5answers
8k views

When and how did the USA and the UK become allies?

So, you may remember that the United States and Great Britain had a minor spat in 1776, which shall we say, did not put them on the friendliest of terms. In 1812, while Britain was focused on its war ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Which forts did the British keep in the Northwest Territory after the American Revolution?

At the end of the American Revolution, Britain ceded the Northwest Territory to the US as one of the terms of the Treaty of Paris. I stumbled across a very interesting statement on Wikipedia that ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

How historically accurate was the movie “Charlie Wilson's War”?

I am watching, and really enjoying, the movie, "Charlie Wilson's War". How historically accurate is this movie? Did Charlie Wilson play as big as role as is portrayed? Is the movie accurate ...
6
votes
2answers
956 views

Vedas, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas and the Science [on hold]

For someone who is born in India, some of the few mythological stories we watch on tv/hear from our grandparents are Ramayana, excerpts from Mahabharata or other Vedic stories of gods, the vedic way ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the oldest road in the world that has been in continuous use?

My suspicions are that a road in Rome, Italy, likely has a strong claim, or perhaps a road in Egypt. It just needs to be a road that has been in continuous use for traffic, whether it was some form of ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Did early American settlers have to buy their land from the government?

During the early English settlement period in North America, did settlers buy their land from the government, or did they simply find some land and build a home there? To be more specific, I'm ...
8
votes
5answers
403 views

Absolute rulers who voluntarily resigned their power

I am looking for examples of absolute rulers who voluntarily resigned their power. To get the ball going, here are two from Roman history: Sulla Diocletian. Chandragupta Maurya Jigme Singye Wangchuk ...
6
votes
1answer
322 views

Were there historical examples of “citizen's arrest” concept in history independent of British common law?

I know that the concept of "citizen's arrest" in USA originated from British common law. It seems that in a lot of countries listed in Wiki are ones that have the same origin of that law, since they ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Was Marine Corps B. Gen. Evans Fordyce Carlson — leader of the Carlson Raiders — suspected of being a communist?

Brig. Gen. Evans Fordyce Carlson is known in history as a three-time awardee of the Navy Cross, a Marine who had served in several wars as an enlisted man and officer, the co-founder of the Marine ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Did the Assiniboine live around Fort Assiniboine (Canada)?

There's a place in Alberta called Fort Assiniboine. Today it's a small village, but in the days of the fur trade, it was a fort and trading post for the Hudson's Bay Company. The Assiniboine people ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

What is John McCain's opinion on the Ngo Đinh Diệm assassination? [on hold]

What is John McCain's opinion on the Ngo Đinh Diệm assassination?
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Which countries signed the San Remo conference resolution at 1920? [on hold]

The San Remo conference which convened at 1920 had made to a resolution. The resolution included a mandate that was given primarily to France and Britain over the remains of the Ottoman Empire. ...
18
votes
6answers
1k views

How accurately could ancient astronomers find latitude and longitude?

In classical times (let's say 200 BC to 400 AD), how accurately could a Greek/Roman/Babylonian/etc. astronomer determine their location on the earth by coordinates like latitude/longitude? Could they ...
13
votes
2answers
248 views
+50

Three rings (wreaths?) symbol in XIX century Russia

On some buildings in Moscow (and other cities in European part of Russia) there are carvings of three interconnected wreaths. For example, some are on the Pushkin Museum building on Prechistenka: ...
9
votes
4answers
255 views

Rape perpetrated by American soldiers during WWII?

A while back I had a disturbing encounter with someone related to a Jewish survivor from the Auschwitz death camp. This survivor apparently claims that not only Red Army soldiers, but also G.I.'s ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Why was Newton's observation of the falling apple significant?

As described in this article at Wikipedia, in 1666, Newton was in a garden when he noticed an apple falling. Surely, Newton could not have been the first person to notice that things fell when ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Which native groups were hostile to the fur trade in North America?

From c. 1600-1830, there was a major fur trade going on in North America. Which native groups were hostile to the fur trade? I've read that the Iroquois were seen as dangerous by the fur traders, ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

Baldwin IV, the Leper King

Baldwin IV was crowned King of Jerusalem, from 1174 until his death in 1186 at the ripe old age of 24. As a child, his tutor, William of Tyre, discovered he had leprosy. Understanding that he was the ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is Spain's base timezone UTC+1?

Looking at the time zone map on Wikipedia we can see that countries such as France and Spain technically should have a time zone of UTC+0. Wikipedia says: France previously used GMT, but was ...
4
votes
2answers
361 views

Spanish-American war from Spain's perspective?

What did the Spanish-American war look like from Spain's perspective? Did the general population support the war? What were the reasons why Spain lost, was the general public aware of these reasons ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Newton, Galileo, and Gravity

One of the few things I remember from my high school physics class is my teacher telling me that Newton discovered things like the universal law of gravitation simply because his initial premise was ...
7
votes
3answers
558 views

What motivated Marco Polo to share his trade knowledge?

In his book written with the help of Rustichello da Pisa, The Travels of Marco Polo, Marco Polo (c. 1300) spent much time describing the various products available at different places. Such knowledge ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Why did Americans give up meat resembling animals? [closed]

Walk into a typical restaurant or supermarket in America, and it is difficult to find meat that resembles animals. Seafood seems to be the exception, as one can easily buy fish, crabs, or lobsters ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

What is the origin of Friedensreich Hundertwasser's surname?

This is my first time posting on History.SE, so I hope my question is appropriate for this site. I've tried to look up the nationality of Friedensreich Hundertwasser's parents, that is Ernst and Elsa ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What was the world population around 970 BC? Does it fit the biblical narrative?

What was the world population around 970 BC? What was Palestine's population around 970 BC? Does the following bible verse fits in the current historical world population estimatives? In Israel ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

What abrupt changes in customs and traditions followed the Meiji Restoration? [closed]

Possible examples off the top of my head (which I do not back up with sources but I welcome others to): Change from lunar to Gregorian calendar? Consumption of beef (previously very unusual)?

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