0
votes
0answers
10 views

Was the Kara-Khanid Khanate founded by Karluks or Uyghurs?

I've seen both the Karluks and the Uyghurs referred as the founders of the Kara-Khanid Khanate (sometimes in the same source). Is there a consensus about the matter or am I missing something?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What is the death toll attributed to US internment of Japanese-Americans during WWII?

We know that Spanish internment camps in Cuba at the start of 20th century were pretty horrific in terms of death toll. What was the death toll attributed to US internment camps for ...
4
votes
2answers
550 views

What was the most accurate map of the world before artificial satellites?

How accurate were the maps before the invention of artificial satellites? What was the most accurate map of the Earth before satellites?
6
votes
0answers
50 views

Did Viet Nam suffer a famine any time during the 1980s? And if not, how close was it to famine?

Wikipedia claims that In 1988, Vietnam suffered a famine that afflicted millions. But its only citation is this 1988 NYT article that mentions "famine fears". A 2002 Economist article states ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Are there any information about history of Malta under Roman rule? [on hold]

I'm interested in Maltese history during Roman reign, especially in the Republican times, but can't find any information... Can you help me, please? Malta as part of the Roman Republic, 218 - 30 B.C.
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Is there any information about Soshandukht or her father?

This is mentioned on Wiki's page about the Sassanid dynasty http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sasanian_Empire Yazdegerd I's successor was his son Bahram V (421–438), one of the most well-known Sassanid ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Did Goebbels really say “Truth is the enemy of the state”? If so, when?

One of the most famous so-called quotation attributed to Nazi propagandist, Joseph Goebbels is: If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

What was the purpose of military prefectures in Song?

The Song dynasty administrative system is really hard to understand (at least for me), and I have many questions about it. Here I'll concentrate on the military prefectures. It's well documented the ...
6
votes
0answers
51 views

How were the Venera Probe missions received/presented in the western world during the space race?

I can find barely any historical documentation on this subject. If you know anything about its development, please chip in as well. I'm writing a paper on the missions and putting them into ...
-1
votes
0answers
45 views

A good book on chinese history? [on hold]

I can't make up my mind. I'm looking for a book that would cover all or most of Chinese history. Considering the scope of the subject I don't know if it is possible to cover the subject with a ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

When did the California Driving Test stop testing for parallel parking? [on hold]

It used to be that to get a driver's license in California, you needed to be able to parallel park in the driving test. This is no longer true. When did this change happen? I have not been able to ...
4
votes
2answers
72 views

What was the American response to the Sino-Soviet border conflict? [on hold]

In 1969, detente with either the PRC or USSR lay in the future. All three countries were hostile towards one another. Was the USA pleased its two rivals were tearing lumps out of each other, or were ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Where was the ruling seat of East Francia located under Henry the Fowler?

It seems safe to assume that Bavaria wasn't an option as Arnulf the Bad controlled this area throughout Henry's reign. The only possible candidates that I can find are Memleben (where Henry died) or ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

What is the earliest archaeological evidence of silk presence in Ancient Rome?

And are there any archaeological data about silk in pre-Imperial Rome?
10
votes
2answers
157 views

In the USSR, what if any was the formal, ideological response to the Cultural Revolution in China?

How did the USSR parse and explain an ostensibly uber-communist movement which was dedicated to overthrowing the leadership of the country's communist party? Did they see this as 'Trostkyism', or some ...
1
vote
5answers
122 views

Was literacy ever used as a tool to oppress the population by higher social classes? [on hold]

In this question, one of the answers stated that Actually, states can interact well enough with their subjects in the villages without widespread literacy. It helps to have someone literate who ...
-1
votes
1answer
26 views

What is the dynasty of Lord Rama- Are they related to Puru Dynasty? [on hold]

As per my knowledge, the dynasty of Pandavas/Kauravs are "Puru". Similarly, what is the dynasty of Lord Rama? Are they related in any way?
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Was Angkor wat built on top of water?

I was watching a National Geographic Documentary. In that, it said that Angkor Wat was built on top of water. It was also told that it used to be an ancient observatory. Is this true? I searched all ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Dimensions and parts of Fort Douglas, Winnipeg Canada

I am having troubles estimating the dimensions of Fort Douglas that WAS in Winnipeg Canada. Fort Douglas (from what I understand, correct me if I'm wrong) was the stage of the battle of Seven Oaks. I ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What is the oldest excavated/discovered piece of silk textile made for clothing or writing?

Chu manuscript dating back to circa 300 B.C., middle of the Warring States era. Mawangdui robe's dating back to ~ 200..150 B.C., beginning of the Western Han. Do you know any older examples of ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Was the anti-slavery characteristic of the US Civil War unique in global history? [on hold]

For most of human history, slavery was an integral part of a lot of societies. From ancient Greece to China, through Africa and the Middle East, slavery was part of everyday life, and accepted by all ...
2
votes
2answers
273 views

Why is literacy difficult? [on hold]

This question continues from Literacy in the classical world It seems that literacy rates for populations prior to mass education becoming prevalent were estimated to be 20% or lower. However, it can ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

What is the difference between Mughals and Afghanis? [on hold]

I was reading India history. There is a description that Babur battled with Ibraham Lodhi ,and finally he won. As per my knowledge Babur is basically Mughal, and his native was Afghanistan. Similarly, ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Morse code is a ternary human-optimised code, is there a binary, non-machine optimised code? [on hold]

http://cs.stackexchange.com/questions/34067/is-morse-code-without-spaces-uniquely-decipherable Discusses how Morse code isn't very clear without the third (usually) unseen element, the space. Is ...
-2
votes
2answers
40 views

What factors contributed to Korea's Modernization? [on hold]

The only thing I can really come up with is the Japanese Occupation. Horrible as it was, it helped the Korean economy and growth greatly. But I cannot find anything else to attribute to its ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

What does the skull and crossbones on the Nazi uniform represent?

I was watching The Boy in Striped Pyjamas, and I saw this skull and crossbones on this Nazi's cap. Why is it there? (That is, what does this represent?)
0
votes
3answers
74 views

In the USSR, did they ever stop 'officially' believing in the future Communist utopia?

Karl Marx taught of a state which 'withered away' until 'communism' had been achieved: that is a stateless, communal society of prosperity and perpetual peace. To begin with at least, the Soviet Union ...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Before the use of Anno Domini dating (BCE/CE), how were years numbered?

Currently we use Anno Domini (A.D.) year numbering, sometimes secularized as "BCE" (Before Common Era) or "CE" (Common Era). What was the prevailing method of dating years in Western culture before ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Historical assessments of the effectiveness of torture

With the Senate Torture report in the news, one of the arguments against torture is that it is ineffective: torturing someone just makes them tell you anything they think will make the torture stop, ...
2
votes
3answers
151 views

What happened to all the notable Roman families?

What happened to the numerous (patrician) families of Rome? Like the Gens Julia for example. There are no ancestors today leading back to them like for example the famous Medici family from ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

How were Warrant Officers appointed to Royal Navy ships during the Age of Sail?

As I understand it, Warrant Officers got their name from the warrant issued by the Admiralty (depending on the applicant having the correct qualifications). From the descriptions I've read, these ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

What was the typical range of travel of a Pennsylvanian resident for everyday life in the late 18th early 19th Century Pennsylvania?

How much traveling did a typical Pennsylvanian resident do for everyday life in the late 18th early 19th Century (1775-1825) Pennsylvania and what was the 'typical' range (in miles) from their home ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Where to find a list of participants in The Crusades? [closed]

I am curious as to where a compiled list of participants in The Crusades exist and how would one access this, particularly of European Crusaders but would find it interesting of any records of both ...
2
votes
1answer
409 views

In the past were there gifts on the days leading up to Christmas instead of them all being on the one day?

Sometimes I'm tempted to give my kids gifts in a spread out way, instead of all at once, so they can appreciate each gift. In the song The 12 Days of Christmas the author describes getting gifts on ...
-1
votes
0answers
45 views

The age of majority across times and countries [closed]

This is a follow-up for this question. I'm curious to find out more how the perception of maturity and majority changed over the years. Specifically, what were the ages for men & women to marry, ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

How did the Allies communicate during World War II?

I was wondering how the allied (America and England, since France was occupied by the Nazis) communicated securely with each other in 1943. I know that the SIGSALY existed, but I am most interested in ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

What are the key characteristics of post colonial America [closed]

What are the key cultural characteristics of post colonial British America? What were the most important elements of British culture that continued in the colonies relatively intact? What were the ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

What was the age of majority in 1900 United States?

What was the age of majority in 1900, in the United States? For women and for men? I am not asking about the age of consent. The age of majority is the chronological moment when minors cease to ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What is the meaning of this samurai crest?

From User Jordan Miles Hamanaka Kaplowit's comment to this question: Meaning of samurai crest / symbol What is the meaning of the sixth crest symbol?
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Which cultures considered dual-gender sacred

Which cultures have historically considered the manifestation of two or more genders by one individual to be either a divine trait (being a deity) or to be an indication of divine favor or association ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Who is Heckler?

On researching the Black Plague I have a few times run into the name of "Heckler" who supposedly is the source for the information that 25% of the population of Europe was killed by the plague. For ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Yearly population growth rate throughout history

Has there been a comprehensive analysis of relative human population growth rate throughout history? I'm interested in seeing how the growth rate (not world population) has evolved in the past ...
-2
votes
1answer
92 views

WWII: Did the entire war depend on breaking the ENIGMA cipher? [closed]

I recently watched this great historical movie called ENIGMA (2001) As I saw the movie, a British general claimed that the entire war was depended on breaking the ENIGMA cipher? Is this really a ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Were there prominent secular philosophers in the European middle ages? If so, who?

I've only done a small amount of reading on the middle ages, and on the history of Western philosophy, but from what I can glean education and religion were tightly coupled during the period, so most ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What was the death toll of Plague of Justinian?

I am looking for approximate number of people that died in Europe during 541–542 Plague of Justinian. All wiki has is Modern scholars believe that the plague killed up to 5,000 people per day in ...
5
votes
2answers
119 views

How close did Germany come to interdicting Soviet oil shipments from the Caucasus in 1942?

In 1942, the Germans captured a relatively small oil complex at Maikop in the North Caucasus, and got within 25 miles of a larger one at Grozny. But the biggest prize was at Baku, on the "far" ...
8
votes
1answer
64 views

Forms of address of Roman Magistrates under Constantinus

In The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Gibbon mentions that Roman magistrates under Constantinus the Great had such titles as; your Sincerity, your Gravity, your Excellency, your ...
8
votes
1answer
394 views

Instances of Jauhar around the world

Are there any evidence that the practice similar to Jauhar existed in places other than India too? It seems like a pretty effective way, however brutal it may be, to escape slavery, rapes and ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

What is the historical relationship between Yule and Christmas?

What is the historical relationship between Yule and Christmas? Yule is in part a set of secular and religious observances of a festival, arising out of pagan Germanic cultures. Christmas is in part ...
-2
votes
1answer
73 views

Kingdom of Judah under Babylonian rule

I'm writing some work about the kingdom of Judah under the Babylonian rule (604-539 BC). I am looking for the reasons that led to the instability of Judah under the Babylonian rule. I would ...

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