5
votes
7answers
850 views

Have there been any nuclear accidents in the US at nuclear facilities which were not “commercial”?

In a feature called "On This Day," the March 28th, 2015 issue of the New York Times recounted how "On March 28, 1979, America's worst commercial nuclear accident occurred inside the Unit Two reactor ...
0
votes
3answers
123 views

What is the source of the claim that Enigma codebreaking efforts shortened the Second World War by years and saved millions of lives?

Since the release of the film The Imitation Game, it has been widely asserted that The cracking of Germany’s Enigma code shortening the war by two to four years and saving an estimated 14 ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How was titanium transported from Soviet Union to Area 51 for Oxcart?

Oxcart was one of its kind, a sophisticated aircraft designed during the Cold-War era. Its body was made up of titanium. Titanium was only found in substantial quantities in the then Soviet Union. The ...
-1
votes
2answers
85 views

German invasion of Poland details

In this Hitler speech: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tran_0-lC5c Hitler claims that during the conflict with Poland, he gave orders to the Luftwaffe to commit the war in a "humane manner" IE: ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Did the Liberal Unionists and Conservatives ever compete for the same seats in elections?

The Liberal Unionists fought elections against the Liberals. Did Liberal Unionists ever stand in the same seats as Conservatives too, or did they have a pact right from the beginning?
-3
votes
0answers
36 views

What did the native Africans think of Karen Blixen? [on hold]

I've recently been reading Karen Blixen (pseudonym Isak Denisen)'s memoir, Out of Africa, describing the Danish author's life on a Kenyan coffee plantation from 1913-1931. Some commentators have ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

When was the first form of footwear invented? [on hold]

I am researching into the reasoning behind humans having toes, and as part of that need to know when footwear was first used. By this I mean when did humans begin to transition from bare-foot to ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How far away could one be and still see the atom bomb explosions?

In the film Empire of the Sun (1987), the Nagasaki atom bomb explosion is depicted as being visible (albeit faintly) from Shanghai. Would that really have been possible? According to Google, the two ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Who wrote about Hermes Mercury?

Which Latin writer wrote about the assimilation of Greek gods? I need more concretely for Hermes-Mercury. Which Latin writer said (assumed) that Hermes was identified with Mercury? I can find this ...
-2
votes
2answers
53 views

Why did democracy emerge in what is now Greece? [on hold]

I suppose we can't know the answer to this question, but I think it's worth hearing other people's best guesses. My theory is that Greece is special because it’s mostly comprised of many small ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

What did Thomas Mann yield in negotiations with Nazis in 1933?

The following is from the article on Golo Mann (1909 – 1994) in the German Wikipedia (translation courtesy of Google Translate). Golo Mann was the son of German novelist and 1929 Nobel Prize in ...
1
vote
4answers
231 views

Why did the Government of India Act create separate electorates for the depressed classes?

The Communal Award, in 1932, conceded to the demands of B.R. Ambedkar and the ilk to have separate electorates for depressed classes. But Gandhji held fast unto death to undo this. So, Poona Pact ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

France vs Germany in 1940: equipment vs. organization [on hold]

Many times I heard that in 1940 France had more tanks than Germany and that French tanks were better than German ones. Is it indeed so? What about airplanes?
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Ancient Indian Invasions [on hold]

I keep hearing again and again that Indians never invaded any outside country. Is this claim true? According to my knowledge, ancient India was spread over area from today's Afghanistan (anciently ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What were John Profumo's responsibilities as the Secretary of State for War in Macmillan's government?

Although I've found that "Profumo's responsibility was the Army, and his principal preoccupation was helping to recruit and establish a regular volunteer Army after the abolition of conscription" (The ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is there is a pan-slavic movement?

While studying the history of Eastern Europe during the last century, I found that one of the main issues was the Pan-Slavic movement. For example big events such as World War I or the current civil ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

The act of Settlement 1701 and succession

If the Act of Settlement 1701 did not pass, who then would have been next of kin after the death of Anne of Great Britain?
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Looking for a people where the “traditional” gender roles are shifted [on hold]

Quite some time ago, I read about a people —I think it was a people of islanders in the Pacific Ocean— where women were displaying what is considered in Western societies as a masculine behaviour, ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

What capabilities did Southern soldiers in the American Civil War have to get news about the North?

My great-grandfather was a Confederate cavalry soldier fighting under Johnson's remaining forces after Lee's surrender. In his diary, he writes on April 18, 1865, "Good news today. Lincoln has been ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Sporting events held more than 4 years apart [migrated]

The Olympics are held every 4 years and all other major sporting events (soccer and rugby world cups etc.) are held on 4 year cycles to avoid clashing with the Olympics. Are there any sporting ...
7
votes
2answers
178 views

History of the Wehrmacht after the surrender

Wikipedia tells us, that: Following the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht, which went into effect on 8 May 1945, some Wehrmacht units remained active, either independently (e.g. in ...
-1
votes
0answers
58 views

Some country ruler shortening distance between milestones to make country “look” bigger [closed]

Long ago, when I was a kid in school, I heard some curious story about some (European?) ruler allegedly ordering his people to put milestones on the roads to be a bit closer to each other rather than ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

What is the oldest musical composition that can still be listened to today?

What is the oldest musical composition that exists both as verifiable historical notation (or some other primary source) and as available recording on CD (or better e.g. on YouTube)? For instance, ...
2
votes
5answers
245 views

When and why did marriage become about love?

In ancient times, marriage was an institution among the wealthy, arranged entirely by parents as part of their political and economic strategy. Many cultures saw love as an impediment to marriage, ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Names of articles worn by men of ~11th century European nobility

Would anyone be able to name the articles of clothing that would usually be worn by men of noble status in Europe around the 11/12th century CE? A general answer would suffice, as I realize that ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Travelling by a Viking ship

What it was like to travel on a Viking ship back then? Please, focus on these points: How long it would take for a Viking raider group to get to their favourite destinations using a Viking warship? ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

What happened with North African oil during the Second World War? [closed]

From everything I have seen, the war in North Africa was solely about getting oil from the Middle East. Had oil simply not been discovered in North Africa during the time of the war?
6
votes
0answers
134 views

How stable was the Middle East under Ottoman rule?

Since the outbreak of WWI, the Middle East has been a strategic area; many powers have vied for control. How stable was the region under Ottoman rule? Stable is, for the purposes of this question, ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

How did the European and international left react to the Cafe War?

During Algerian decolonization, one episode was the Cafe War, when the mainstream Algerian independence group FLN and the communist MNA killed each other's members. This left several thousand dead in ...
4
votes
0answers
71 views

1850s steel technology advance before the Bessemer converter

The Bessemer converter is often cited as the critical invention causing a breakout in the production of cheap steel and enabling the industrial revolution. However, I just put together this chart ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

authority books with description modern scientific theories about prehistory [closed]

I want study modern scientific view on problems prehistory. Archaeology,and anthropology are in active development,so I wanted authority sources with modern view on primitive mind and economics. ...
32
votes
7answers
8k views

Why aren't there any Chinese colonies?

It seems like European nations are all establishing colonies, but I don't understand why China would be any different. It seems like it has the power and resources to do so numerous times throughout ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Must scopes have revealing reflections? [closed]

This is my first post in History. I hope this is a good stack for my question, as I see a lot of posts related to military hardware. If not, well, let me know. Are there any documented cases of lens ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

french and indian war (seven years war) [closed]

What was the impact of the french and indian war on interior indian tribes, the american colonists and the colonists relationship with great britain?
1
vote
0answers
39 views

What is the usage of a small wash-house in Versailles during Louis XIV times?

I was searching for the usage of a small construction on the edge of the Versailles Castle gardens (the stone thing on the left on the picture below, one of the gates (Saint-Antoine) is on the right): ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Why is Sulla's nose in the bust in Munich Glyptothek broken?

I was just wondering if someone did this as a slight to Sulla in the same manner that crosses were carved into the foreheads of Roman busts.!
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Why did the european humans become the world-“leading” power in history? [closed]

I was wondering several times why and how the european/north-american humans got the main power in the world for over a quite long time (and still they are, next to china). I mean, why aren't the ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

The influence of the second catilinarian conspiracy on the fall of the Roman Republic?

When studying Roman history during the first century BC, one of the prominent events mentioned is the second Catilinarian conspiracy, wherein Catiline seeks to overthrow the Roman Republic through a ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Napoleon's exploits in 1785

Napoleon Bonaparte being commissioned Second Lieutenant at the age 17 in French Artillery, returned to Corsica. Given his French Allegiance, why did he join the resistance movement while still ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

How did people clean their teeth in the past? (Greco-Roman to medieval age)

How did people clean their teeth in the past? How in these days the tooth decay was faced?
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Why are there no photorealistic paintings from the old days? [closed]

As proven by many recent examples, some people can develop their drawing skill to such a level as to produce drawings that are difficult to distinguish from photographs. Yet much of historical art is ...
5
votes
2answers
239 views

When and where was the first naval gunnery school/college established?

While I have found that the first naval battle including ship mounted cannon occurred in 1338. It would seem that the use of such weapons did not turn the tide of the battle. Further reading brought ...
-3
votes
1answer
81 views

Alignment of South American and Egyptian Pyramids [closed]

I don't remember when and where I hear, but I remember something like this: several pyramids in Egypt are aligned with pyramids in South America . That is, in South America are several (if correctly ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Who inherited from the pre- World War II German states?

The German states (aka Länder) have been completely reshaped after WWII and I wonder: Which current German states inherited laws and state-owned property from the former pre-WWII states? In states ...
22
votes
1answer
3k views

When did challenging to a duel cease to be a practice in English culture?

In the Aubrey Maturin series of novels, there are at least two scenes where the protagonists are challenged to a duel: Post-Captain - Aubrey and Maturin about Aubrey's reputation with the Admiralty ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Cattle handling in the 19th century

In the largest cattle raising countries - Australia and the USA, huge free ranging herds were kept. Nowadays, we use yards and crushes for husbandry activities such as drafting and calf marking ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

What was Lester B. Pearson's motivation for instituting Canada's 40 hr. work week?

Back in the 1960s, Lester B. Pearson instituted Canada's 40-hour work week as well as 2 weeks vacation and a new minimum wage. However, his motivations for doing so at that time are not clear to me. ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

What lead some nationalities to be the butt of bestiality jokes? [closed]

Some nationalities (for example New Zealand and Wales) are the butt of jokes about bestiality, especially with sheep. What lead to this?
-5
votes
1answer
81 views

How were genocide perpetrators able to succeed in public after WW2? [closed]

[Source:] Reinefarth went on to live a normal life similar to other Holocaust perpetrators living in West Germany including SS-Obersturmführer Strippel from Majdanek concentration camp,[4] and ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Ratio of population to military size throughout European history? [closed]

I realise that this is a fairly broad question, but I am trying to get a sense of the ratio between the total population and the size of the military that societies could support at different times ...

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