3
votes
1answer
23 views

Is there any evidence of arachnophobia in ancient history?

Are there any sources that would tell us whether (any) ancient Greeks or Romans were afraid of spiders?
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Given their reputation for fighting to the last men in the Pacific, why did 700,000 Japanese troops surrender in Manchuria?

I just read this. It says: On August 8, 1945 ... the Soviet Union launched the invasion of Manchuria, a massive military operation mobilizing 1.5 million soldiers against one million Kwantung Army ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Why did the USSR switch from 1524 mm gauge to 1520 mm gauge in the late 1960's?

This article mentions that Russia started with a 1,524 mm rail gauge, and in the sixties and seventies, switched to a 1,520 mm rail gauge with tighter tolerances. Why do this? If you want tighter ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How did soldiers in WWI who wore Jackboots keep the boots from being sucked off in the mud?

In the trench warfare of the First World War, the mud was often knee deep, although it sometimes reached well above the soldiers' chests. These conditions were obviously horrendous, and made it ...
-4
votes
1answer
44 views

Why is there less public attention on the firebombing of Japan compared to its atomic bombing? [on hold]

Virtually everybody has heard of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. However, the firebombing of Japan is nowhere near as well known, or talked about, at least by non-Japanese. Why is there ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

What is the first recorded instance of the lo-shu square?

The lo-shu square (洛書) is a 3×3 grid of numbers, usually written as dots: Legend traces its origin to the legendary Yu the Great (大禹) or Fu-hi (伏羲) ~3000 years ago, but I'm interested in ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

How was the Roman Princeps Senatus appointed?

In Republican Rome, the princeps senatus (~head of the senate) was supposed to have been nominated by the censors, who were elected every 5 years for 1 and a half years. What happened when the ...
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

What were the most regarded cultural places in history? [on hold]

I'm looking to make a list (not necessarily ranked) of all highly intellectual places from antiquity to modern times. What were the places where knowledge was shared and discoveries made? Where did ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Was the Sikh martyr Mati Das sawed in half on the orders of Aurangzeb?

The wikipedia page on Mati Das mentions that he was sawed into two on the express orders of Aurangzeb (he was asked to convert to Islam). Is it true ? I have doubts because I haven't seen this in ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Why did the Japanese Navy convert Kaga to an Aircraft Carrier?

The IJN ordered 4 Amagi class battlecruisers (Amagi, Akagi, Atago, and Takao) and 2 Tosa class Battleships (Tosa and Kaga) to form the "Eight-Eight Fleet". All ships started construction between ...
16
votes
4answers
5k views

Why did Sun Tzu believe you shouldn't wait besides a river when eager to fight?

In Sun Tzu's Art of War, Chapter 9 (The Army on the March), Verse 5, Tzu says If you are anxious to fight, you should not go to meet the invader near a river which he has to cross. My thinking ...
-1
votes
0answers
58 views

Why the 12-inch guns of USS Wyoming were replaced by the 5-inch in 1944? [on hold]

I started playing a game called "World of Warships" in my spare time. One of the ships have in this game is the USS Wyoming. In the game he has 12x 12-inch. For my own curiosity I went to find out ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Were non German soldiers treated differently than German soldiers in the German army during the Great War?

For some reason I cannot find reliable source about that. Germany's population were in majority German, but there was also Frenchs in the west, Danes in the north, Lithuanians, and Poles in the east, ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Notable Sea Invasions [on hold]

What are some notable invasions from sea in history? I'm trying to write an essay comparing D-Day to some other invasions, but I can't think of any invasions
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How many Nephites fought during the wars described in Mosiah chapter 9? [on hold]

In the chapter, we read of two battles. In total, we read, the Lamanites lost thousands more than did the Nephites. Which begs the question, how many Nephites fought? Did 1 Nephite kill 25 Lamanites? ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Why does the Star of David feature on these African coins from 20th century?

Why does the Star of David feature on these African coins from 1936 and 1959?
-4
votes
0answers
39 views

Catalog of scientific and technological contributions by originating culture [on hold]

I was involved in a debate with the subject of how different cultural and religious environments offer different stimuli to the development of scientific and technological advancements and ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

What was used to pay taxes in Medieval England [on hold]

Was coinage issued by the Kings (Queen) used to pay taxes in Medieval England? If so were these silver or gold coins or base metal ? And how did the use of tally sticks fit into the tax system
8
votes
0answers
78 views

What words were obliterated from the Great Colonnade at Palmyra?

One of the columns at the Great Colonnade at Palmyra features a dedicatory inscription to Zenobia and Odaenathus. It is bilingual, recording the same text in Greek and Palmyrenean: It appears that ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Why did Emperor Constantine believe he was a instrument of God?

I recently watched a lecture by a professor at Yale who mentioned Constantine's belief that he was a instrument of God, but the academic doesn't really explain why Constantine believed he was an ...
-2
votes
1answer
110 views

Hitler And Nazism - Did Hitler ever express remorse over killing? [on hold]

I know at least some journals of prominent party members have been uncovered, so I was wondering if any kind of consensus can be reached on the emotional state/the real reasons behind Hitler's ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Why does the rooster symbolise France? [on hold]

The Gallic Rooster is widely used as a symbol of France. However, there are a number of conflicting sources on how it originated. The French embassy in the USA states that the rooster originated ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Were any fortified castles self-sufficient in food?

I read here and there about sieges of fortified castles which lasted extended lengths of time (two years for instance). Was there any castle in Medieval Europe that was self-sustaining? By ...
2
votes
2answers
168 views

What sort(s) of identification were used before driver's licenses were issued in the US?

In the United States, before driver's licenses became a nearly universal means of identification (i.e., before autos), what form of identification was routinely used? For example if one was arrested, ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

At what point in time did Judaism become popular? [Pre Christianity]

When did Judaism become popular in the ancient world, and what caused it to spread faster at that point in time? (ex: Christianity had its spread assisted by Emperor Constantine in the Roman Empire)
1
vote
0answers
53 views

What is an example of nostalgia for the past in a design context in the interwar period?

While studying the history of design, I have found a document (FR) that states that during the interwar period, people were both attracted by technology and nostalgic of the past, but I can't find any ...
-2
votes
0answers
27 views
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Why did Uesugi Kenshin never marry? Was it common practice for Japanese Buddhists of the time?

It seems that the famed Sengoku-era lord Uesugi Kenshin never married anybody in his life because he was a devout Buddhist. This seems highly unusual, considering Japanese Buddhists at that time seem ...
8
votes
1answer
246 views

Did Hitler really keep the blueprints of the current Nebraska state Capitol building in the drawer of his desk?

I recently stumbled upon an article in the now-defunct lit mag Black Table in which the author establishes the un-cited claim that Hitler had designs on making Lincoln, Nebraska the new headquarters ...
-5
votes
0answers
67 views

How involved are Jews involved in Multiculturalism and why? [closed]

I was accused by white supremacists that my people (Jews) are to blame for multiculturalism and by extension white genocide. There are ugly articles like these and these that expound such ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Does written language change language more than oral tradition? [on hold]

I'm not sure if this is a right forum, but I didn't find better from SE. I wonder if it is researched how much development of writing systems affects to language compared to languages that are not ...
2
votes
4answers
361 views

Did the Romans ever encounter the Vikings?

Did the Romans ever scout Scandinavia for possible conquest?Or was trade ever done between them?
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Place and/ or plane identification

I am trying to identify both the place and the type of plane in this photograph. My father is inthe centre middle row (William Bone), who as far as I know stayed around Leeds during the war - I ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Can anyone help Australian Actress ID her Grandfather? [closed]

Australian actress Toni Collette is trying to identify her grandfather from a photograph of a man in a US Navy uniform. The US Dept Vet Affairs said: "An Australian TV show contacted us to see if we ...
7
votes
1answer
61 views

Were Korean and Tibetan rulers ever styled as 'sons of heaven'?

Chinese dynasts adopted the term "Son of Heaven" or "Son of [the god] Tian" (天子) during the early Zhou period around the turn of the 1st millennium BCE, and continued using it until the overthrow of ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

British royal titles for regions not in Britain

Royal titles for the British aristocracy seem to be associated with regions within Britain, particularly England; such as the Duke of Cambridge or the Princess of York. Were there ever royal titles ...
-4
votes
0answers
22 views

Is this article on Leo Frank Accurate? [closed]

Warning, long and antisemitic: http://theamericanmercury.org/2013/04/100-reasons-proving-leo-frank-is-guilty/
-1
votes
2answers
115 views

Why and how were the Mongols able to invade Russia successfully?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_invasion_of_Rus%27 The campaign was heralded by the Battle of the Kalka River in 1223, which resulted in a Mongol victory over the forces of several Rus' ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Did any Antarctic expeditions use coal?

During the "Heroic Age" of Antarctic exploration (roughly 1890 to 1920), did any expeditions use coal as a fuel or heat source? I'm not just asking what they carried while walking in the interior, ...
1
vote
4answers
145 views

Has a government ever been elected with the full 100% of the votes?

In recent history, many Dictatorships have been elected with unbelievable results. For example Al Sisi in Egypt with 96,6 % of the votes, or Abd al-Rab Mansur al-Hadi in Yemen with 99,8%. I would ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

When was the first secular society?

When was the first attempt to create a secular society? (a society that was intentionally separate from religion). Was the French Revolution the first to discard religion as an legitimizing force and ...
-2
votes
0answers
62 views

Which civilization is the first to know about the existence of the Arctic circle? [closed]

Are there any ancient peoples who discovered the Arctic circle, similar to the discovery of the equator?
6
votes
2answers
133 views

Can a source be considered 'primary' if it is not written by an eyewitness and partly based on another source?

The example I have in mind is Luke's Gospel, but the question is not about that source in particular, I'm interested in the terms 'primary' and 'secondary' in the technical sense they would be used by ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Did a German Jew in the US Army save his home district from bombing?

While visiting the Old Town of Düsseldorf, the guide told us that this district (now one of the most expensive places in Germany) was saved from WW2 bombings by a Jewish man who used to live there. He ...
3
votes
2answers
201 views

Did anything come from Sparta, besides fitness and war?

I am telling my daughter nighttime stories, mostly from History, and recently talked about Athens and Sparta. In my tales Athenian turned out to be well-rounded people, great at many things, ranging ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

How late where plumed helmets and muscle cuirasses used by Roman/Byzantine soldiers?

According to the osprey book Byzantine Imperial Guardsmen by Raffaele D’Amato, Byzantine imperial guardsmen where known to have worn muscle cuirasses and also plumed helmets. Its gotten me curious ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

High-altitude naval bombing in World War II

When reading through Wikipedia's articles on naval battles of World War II, you'll often encounter sentences like the following: Also during this time, several U.S. B-17 heavy bombers attacked the ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

The conquest of Constantinople in 1453 triggered the search for alternative trade routes thus the new world? [duplicate]

I once watched on the history channel that The conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire triggered a search for alternatives routes for spice trade to india, thus triggering the ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

How were blacks excluded from juries in the US southern states in the 1930s?

As I am in the process of re-reading Harper Lee's To Kill a Mocking Bird, I did a bit of elementary research on the subject of jury selection in Alabama. I discovered that in the Scottsboro boys case ...
-2
votes
0answers
48 views

Weapons of Mass Destruction [closed]

I read in the book Prisoner's Dilemma by William Poundstone that the Atomic bomb was not the first weapon created with such fear of mass destruction. The book cites the example of the armor-piercing ...

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