-1
votes
0answers
18 views

Which was the last pitched battle fought by Western powers?

If we define a pitched battle as a fierce military engagement on the ground between two armies at war. Both intending on fighting the other and not retreating or escaping before the main ...
5
votes
1answer
15 views

What disruptions were brought about by Islam , that the Arabians saw so many victories?

The Rashidun Caliphate had its inception with the advent of Islam. It was situated amidst two of the most formidable empires of the known world: The Byzantine Empire and The Sassanid Empire. But ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What was the fertility rate in Ancient Rome and how did this number evolve over time?

Is it known what the fertility rate in ancient Rome was and how did this number evolve over time, especially towards its end? As in, how many children did each woman give birth to on average? The ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Is there a relationship between the Pelasgians and Sea Peoples?

Wikipedia describes the Pelasgians as follows: all the indigenous inhabitants of the Aegean Sea region and their cultures before the advent of the Greek language. And that these people where ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

How was the Spartan “300” battle recorded?

The famous battle of Thermopylae, when the 300 strong Spartan army lead by King Leonidas and his Athenian allies fought King Xerxes and his massive Persian army, was all recorded by a Greek scribe. ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is the back story behind the Baja California towns of “Purgatorio” and “Providencia”?

I'm reading a book on Mexican history, and noticed in a map that there are two towns or cities next to each other in Baja California, one named Purgatorio (purgatory) and the other Providencia ...
-3
votes
0answers
46 views

Was the British Empire a force for good? [on hold]

Do you think the British Empire was a force for good or just an unnecessary force for dominance and greed. As I am sure you know, peoples life expectancy and health have increased substantially over ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

What was the average size of French families during the Middle Ages?

My question takes place in at the beginning of the middle-ages in France. Let's focus on small villages and ordinary people (peasants, craftsmen, etc.). I would like to know how many people used to ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

AP World History for Computer Science (Programming) Major? [on hold]

So, for my next year, I would be taking AP World History. I'm not sure if taking this course would benefit me that much, in terms of time and energy, since I mostly likely (99.9%) would take Computer ...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

Did Buddha live in a Republic? [on hold]

Wikipedia says that Buddha lived in Sakya Republic. Other sources identify Buddha as a monarch and a prince. Which one is right? (follow up question: if some republics occurred in India, what ...
-1
votes
0answers
12 views

What is the story of Purgatorio and Providencia? [duplicate]

I'm reading a book on Mexican history, and noticed in a map that there are two cities next to each other in Baja California, one named Purgatorio (purgatory) and the other Providencia (Providence). ...
-2
votes
0answers
32 views

What was the true origin of the Freemasons? [on hold]

I can't find anything about the origin of the Freemasons, actually I have read a few articles and stories but none of them seems to satisfy my question; where they originated? I am really thirsty to ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Did defeated countries pay theirs war bonds? [on hold]

This related question approaches how beneficial war bonds were to US during WWII. I would like to know what happen with war bonds when a country is defeated. What did happen in similar experiences? ...
-1
votes
0answers
48 views

Was it possible for Gorbachev to save the country in the 1980s? [on hold]

Was it possible for Gorbachev to save the country in the 1980s if he had tried the same reforms Chinese did--private property, decentralization, etc. Or was it already too late, or impossible from the ...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

European colonization of India: contrast with America

The European colonization of Americas was a bloody conquest leading to significant destruction of the native population (and their cultures). Aside from the fact that a lot of natives inadvertently ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

What would be the GDP of the Roman Empire?

I understand that this particular question is hard to answer. However, do there exist any historical record to how much was the GDP of Rome at some period? If not, could you give me a speculation or a ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

What's the relationship between Solomon's Temple and Christians? [on hold]

An Evangelical-Pentecostal church has built a huge replica of Solomon's Temple in Brazil. But why Solomon's Temple? What does it have to do with Jesus Christ and the Christian faith? It's very odd to ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Does what Macaulay said or not said matter? [on hold]

The statement attributed to Lord Macaulay might be correct or otherwise. It was the mindset of the British and the East India company who came to rule India for 2 centuries, and left when it became ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

How can I find the most complete list of the names of Kaytn Massacre victims?

The Katyn Massacre refers to a series of mass executions of Polish prisoners by Soviet authorities during WW2. The number of victims is estimated to be over 22,000. How can I go about finding the ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Why did the Germans not encircle and besiege Stalingrad?

The Germans spent a large amount of manpower in adverse territory for this city, even after long exhausting continuous combat. After the war, Kliest wrote: The capture of Stalingrad was ...
8
votes
2answers
742 views

What does this Samurai crest mean?

Some years ago I was given something that I believe is called, in Japanese, a jubako. It's a multi-layered box and on the inside of the lid it features this crest: When searching for information on ...
6
votes
3answers
256 views

Why was there a tradition attached to Crossbowmen?

Medieval literature makes several references to Gascon, Flemish and especially Genoese to denote elite troops wielding Crossbows. However, it isn't exactly hard to shoot a Crossbow accurately and ...
-1
votes
0answers
48 views

What do you call? [on hold]

What do you call a person who discovers a Native American campsite with artifacts?
5
votes
1answer
118 views

Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?

The Polish Wikipedia about the battle of Kowal (1327) says (translation mine, maybe in some places duke and prince are not used correctly): In 1327 Władysław I Łokietek [the Polish king] begun the ...
16
votes
3answers
4k views

Who liberated Denmark in WWII?

The obvious encyclopedic site surprisingly has nothing on this in its article about Denmark in WWII. It alludes to a British occupation force after the war, but is not clear who actually liberated ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

What was the reason for Gandhi's visit to Africa [closed]

Why did Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi visit South Africa? What was the purpose of his visit to South Africa?
-1
votes
0answers
41 views

US detente with Cuba: could one reason for it be the development of a sphere of criminality (drug cartels) outside of the Cuban regimes control? [closed]

Although matters have come along way since the 80's - 90's and Cuba's drug ties http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/archive/cubaandcocaine.html (or at least we haven't actually heard ...
-1
votes
0answers
90 views

What are the heaviest swords in the world? [closed]

What are the heaviest swords in the world? How were these swords used on the battlefield?
0
votes
0answers
48 views

What did a carpenter's square signify, outside of carpentry? [on hold]

norm (n.) "standard, pattern, model," 1821, from French norme, from Latin norma "carpenter's square, rule, pattern," of unknown origin. Klein suggests a borrowing (via Etruscan) of Greek ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Was the wall of the Second Temple part of the fortification of Jerusalem?

In the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, there is a 1:50 model of Jerusalem from the Roman period (Holyland Model of Jerusalem). There it shows that the Temple was at the edge of the city and seemingly one ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

What does “the purpose of history is ideological” mean? [on hold]

I have this question which states "How does the story of Columbus illustrate that the purpose of history is ideological?" Unfortunately, I am having trouble understanding what exactly the question is ...
9
votes
4answers
206 views

What did other European powers say when Portugal and Spain signed the Treaty of Tordesillas?

In 1494, Portugal and Castile (succeeded by Spain) divided all lands outside Europe, including the newly "on-discovering" Americas, between them signing the Treaty of Tordesillas. What were the ...
4
votes
3answers
148 views

What was the largest empire in terms of time of communication between its two ends?

What was the largest empire in human history in terms of the time required to deliver a message from one end of the empire to the other? How long was this time?
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

Which trade route took the longest (in time) to travel? [closed]

Which historic trade route took the longest in (time) to travel and how long did it take? Even better would be if somebody knew the commodities that were transported on the route.
5
votes
3answers
157 views

What was the opportunity cost to bombing the rail lines to Auschwitz?

Occasionally ranters, internet and otherwise, claim that America betrayed the Jews because Roosevelt was asked to bomb the rails to Auschwitz and he refused/ rebuffed them. Is it difficult to bomb a ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Greek Revolution: Where did the Greeks look for descendants of the Byzantine dynasties?

I recall reading in a few books that during the early to mid 19th century, the Greeks where trying to find European nobles who had genealogies linked to the dynasties of the old Byzantine Empire ...
-1
votes
1answer
155 views

Were the Axis Powers really obligated to attack USSR and USA?

EDIT: I don't think it's a duplicate of this. That question asks why attack USSR while still fighting Britain (and I think the OP has a misunderstanding there because the Battle of Britain was already ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

What would have happened had Stalin not had the Siberian forces help? [closed]

During World War II, part of the reason that Germany was stopped cold(pun intended) on the Russian front was due to the fact that Stalin was able to move all the Siberian troops that had been ...
4
votes
4answers
138 views

How common is “decades ahead of his time” in real history?

The idea of a super-scientist who invents things that no contemporary is able to equal because he's just that smart is a common trope in works of fiction, especially of the sci-fi or superhero ...
32
votes
4answers
6k views

What did Germany do in World War II about the different rail gauge in the Soviet Union?

One reason it was so hard for Germany to invade Russia/the Soviet Union in World War II (and I) was because the Russians had a different (wider) railroad gauge than that of most of the rest of Europe, ...
9
votes
2answers
187 views

At what age did samurai children start going into battles in the Sengoku era?

Exactly as the title says, from what age did a child of a samurai start to join his father in battles? I suspect it is when the child was considered an adult, but what age was considered an adult ...
10
votes
2answers
199 views

Why didn't Nixon erase the smoking gun?

Given that President Nixon was bold enough to erase 18 minutes of the "Nixon tapes" before turning them over to the Watergate investigators, why didn't he also erase the "smoking gun," the ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Were there any abolitionists imprisoned for being critical of the Congress or the President during the American Civil War?

It's been said that some 14K civilians were imprisoned without trial and that some 300 newspapers were temporarily shut down by the executive branch over the course of the Civil War. I'm wondering if ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

How did the French word 'familier' become associated with the concept of Magical Familiars, historically?

How did the word 'familier' (French) become associated with the concept of Magical Familiars, historically? Or do we not know? Proof for the concept being from French, first.
7
votes
2answers
179 views

Why didn't Stalin use force to bring Tito into line?

In 1956 and 1968, the Soviets invaded Eastern European countries because they had deviated from Moscow's model. Why didn't they do this to Tito? His independent inclinations are usually explained by ...
5
votes
3answers
142 views

Sea people and the Trojan War?

Are there any known links between the trojan war and the sea people invasions of the late bronze age, or any theory linking the two? I know that the approximate dates for both roughly coincide, and ...
6
votes
1answer
416 views

Why is German spoken in Upper Valais?

The Swiss region of Upper Valais is a German speaking region which is physically isolated from all other German speaking regions. The dialect spoken there is so different from other Swiss-German ...
9
votes
1answer
120 views

Did Radio Free Europe say that the Allies would come to the rescue during the Hungarian Revolution?

I found this video (in Spanish) where a woman claims that Radio Free Europe encouraged the Hungarians to resist, and that aid was on its way. Is this true? Is there any evidence? And if it is true, ...
8
votes
3answers
122 views

Why was the capital of Poland moved from Krakow to Warsaw in 1595?

This question is a follow-up to the question Why did Poland keep Warsaw as its capital instead of returning it to Krakow in the 20th century? In particular: Now as for Warsaw becoming the ...
8
votes
2answers
160 views

How did religions interpret rainbows before science explained it? [closed]

A rainbow this morning to work made me think of how religions used to interpret these colorful appearances. Signs from the gods? Repent for your sins? A gift? I want to know how different ...

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