0
votes
0answers
8 views

Why were separate electorates for depressed classes included in GoI Act 1935?

Communal award, 1932, conceded to the demands of B.R. Ambedkar and the ilk to have separate electorates for depressed classes. But Gandhji held fast unto death to undo this. So, Poona Pact resulted in ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

France vs Germany in 1940: equipment vs. organization

Many times I heard that in 1940 France had more tanks than Germany and that French tanks were better than German ones. Is it indeed so? What about airplanes?
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Ancient Indian Invasions

I keep hearing again and again that Indians never invaded any outside country. Is this claim true? According to my knowledge, ancient India was spread over area from today's Afghanistan (anciently ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

What were John Profumo's responsibilities as the Secretary of State for War in Macmillan's government?

Although I've found that "Profumo's responsibility was the Army, and his principal preoccupation was helping to recruit and establish a regular volunteer Army after the abolition of conscription" (The ...
5
votes
2answers
440 views

Why is there is a pan-slavic movement?

While studying the history of Eastern Europe during the last century, I found that one of the main issues was the Pan-Slavic movement. For example big events such as World War I or the current civil ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

The act of Settlement 1701 and succession

If the Act of Settlement 1701 did not pass, who then would have been next of kin after the death of Anne of Great Britain?
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Looking for a people where the “traditional” gender roles are shifted

Quite some time ago, I read about a people —I think it was a people of islanders in the Pacific Ocean— where women were displaying what is considered in Western societies as a masculine behaviour, ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

What capabilities did Southern soldiers in the American Civil War have to get news about the North?

My great-grandfather was a Confederate cavalry soldier fighting under Johnson's remaining forces after Lee's surrender. In his diary, he writes on April 18, 1865, "Good news today. Lincoln has been ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Sporting events held more than 4 years apart [migrated]

The Olympics are held every 4 years and all other major sporting events (soccer and rugby world cups etc.) are held on 4 year cycles to avoid clashing with the Olympics. Are there any sporting ...
7
votes
1answer
108 views

History of the Wehrmacht after the surrender

Wikipedia tells us, that: Following the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht, which went into effect on 8 May 1945, some Wehrmacht units remained active, either independently (e.g. in ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Some country ruler shortening distance between milestones to make country “look” bigger [on hold]

Long ago, when I was a kid in school, I heard some curious story about some (European?) ruler allegedly ordering his people to put milestones on the roads to be a bit closer to each other rather than ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

What is the oldest musical composition that can still be listened to today?

What is the oldest musical composition that exists both as verifiable historical notation (or some other primary source) and as available recording on CD (or better e.g. on YouTube)? For instance, ...
1
vote
5answers
185 views

When and why did marriage become about love?

In ancient times, marriage was an institution among the wealthy, arranged entirely by parents as part of their political and economic strategy. Many cultures saw love as an impediment to marriage, ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Names of articles worn by men of ~11th century European nobility

Would anyone be able to name the articles of clothing that would usually be worn by men of noble status in Europe around the 11/12th century CE? A general answer would suffice, as I realize that ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Travelling by a Viking ship

What it was like to travel on a Viking ship back then? Please, focus on these points: How long it would take for a Viking raider group to get to their favourite destinations using a Viking warship? ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

What happened with North African oil during the Second World War? [on hold]

From everything I have seen, the war in North Africa was solely about getting oil from the Middle East. Had oil simply not been discovered in North Africa during the time of the war?
5
votes
0answers
115 views

How stable was the Middle East under Ottoman rule?

Since the outbreak of WWI, the Middle East has been a strategic area; many powers have vied for control. How stable was the region under Ottoman rule? Stable is, for the purposes of this question, ...
4
votes
0answers
46 views

How did the European and international left react to the Cafe War?

During Algerian decolonization, one episode was the Cafe War, when the mainstream Algerian independence group FLN and the communist MNA killed each other's members. This left several thousand dead in ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

1850s steel technology advance before the Bessemer converter

The Bessemer converter is often cited as the critical invention causing a breakout in the production of cheap steel and enabling the industrial revolution. However, I just put together this chart ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

authority books with description modern scientific theories about prehistory [on hold]

I want study modern scientific view on problems prehistory. Archaeology,and anthropology are in active development,so I wanted authority sources with modern view on primitive mind and economics. ...
30
votes
5answers
7k views

Why aren't there any Chinese colonies?

It seems like European nations are all establishing colonies, but I don't understand why China would be any different. It seems like it has the power and resources to do so numerous times throughout ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Must scopes have revealing reflections? [on hold]

This is my first post in History. I hope this is a good stack for my question, as I see a lot of posts related to military hardware. If not, well, let me know. Are there any documented cases of lens ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Richard III and the Princes in the Tower [on hold]

I know more ink has been spilt on this subject (did he, didn't he?) than blood was spilt on Bosworth Field, and I am not a medievalist, but it seems to me likely that Richard did have the Princes ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

french and indian war (seven years war) [on hold]

What was the impact of the french and indian war on interior indian tribes, the american colonists and the colonists relationship with great britain?
1
vote
0answers
35 views

What is the usage of a small wash-house in Versailles during Louis XIV times?

I was searching for the usage of a small construction on the edge of the Versailles Castle gardens (the stone thing on the left on the picture below, one of the gates (Saint-Antoine) is on the right): ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Why is Sulla's nose in the bust in Munich Glyptothek broken?

I was just wondering if someone did this as a slight to Sulla in the same manner that crosses were carved into the foreheads of Roman busts.!
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Why did the european humans become the world-“leading” power in history? [on hold]

I was wondering several times why and how the european/north-american humans got the main power in the world for over a quite long time (and still they are, next to china). I mean, why aren't the ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

The influence of the second catilinarian conspiracy on the fall of the Roman Republic?

When studying Roman history during the first century BC, one of the prominent events mentioned is the second Catilinarian conspiracy, wherein Catiline seeks to overthrow the Roman Republic through a ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Napoleon's exploits in 1785

Napoleon Bonaparte being commissioned Second Lieutenant at the age 17 in French Artillery, returned to Corsica. Given his French Allegiance, why did he join the resistance movement while still ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

How did people clean their teeth in the past? (Greco-Roman to medieval age)

How did people clean their teeth in the past? How in these days the tooth decay was faced?
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Why are there no photorealistic paintings from the old days? [on hold]

As proven by many recent examples, some people can develop their drawing skill to such a level as to produce drawings that are difficult to distinguish from photographs. Yet much of historical art is ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

When and where was the first naval gunnery school/college established?

While I have found that the first naval battle including ship mounted cannon occurred in 1338. It would seem that the use of such weapons did not turn the tide of the battle. Further reading brought ...
-3
votes
1answer
78 views

Alignment of South American and Egyptian Pyramids [closed]

I don't remember when and where I hear, but I remember something like this: several pyramids in Egypt are aligned with pyramids in South America . That is, in South America are several (if correctly ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Who inherited from the pre- World War II German states?

The German states (aka Länder) have been completely reshaped after WWII and I wonder: Which current German states inherited laws and state-owned property from the former pre-WWII states? In states ...
22
votes
1answer
3k views

When did challenging to a duel cease to be a practice in English culture?

In the Aubrey Maturin series of novels, there are at least two scenes where the protagonists are challenged to a duel: Post-Captain - Aubrey and Maturin about Aubrey's reputation with the Admiralty ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Cattle handling in the 19th century

In the largest cattle raising countries - Australia and the USA, huge free ranging herds were kept. Nowadays, we use yards and crushes for husbandry activities such as drafting and calf marking ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

What was Lester B. Pearson's motivation for instituting Canada's 40 hr. work week?

Back in the 1960s, Lester B. Pearson instituted Canada's 40-hour work week as well as 2 weeks vacation and a new minimum wage. However, his motivations for doing so at that time are not clear to me. ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

What lead some nationalities to be the butt of bestiality jokes? [closed]

Some nationalities (for example New Zealand and Wales) are the butt of jokes about bestiality, especially with sheep. What lead to this?
-5
votes
1answer
79 views

How were genocide perpetrators able to succeed in public after WW2? [closed]

[Source:] Reinefarth went on to live a normal life similar to other Holocaust perpetrators living in West Germany including SS-Obersturmführer Strippel from Majdanek concentration camp,[4] and ...
-3
votes
0answers
78 views

Why did Hitler treat notable PoWs better? [closed]

[Source:] There were also prisoners called Prominente (German for 'celebrities'), relatives of Allied VIPs. The first one was Giles Romilly, a civilian journalist who was captured in Narvik, Norway ...
-6
votes
0answers
92 views

What did even the Nazis consider as wicked? [closed]

The turpitude and villany of Nazis need no explanation, but I was shocked to read that even these reprobates deemed some acts heinous and punishable. Yes, even they! Please explain this apparent ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Ratio of population to military size throughout European history? [closed]

I realise that this is a fairly broad question, but I am trying to get a sense of the ratio between the total population and the size of the military that societies could support at different times ...
9
votes
8answers
314 views

Given Hitler's Austrian ancestry, why did he develop German nationalism rather than Austrian nationalism?

Hitler's parents were Austrians, and Hitler had spent his childhood in Austria. However, Hitler expressed loyalty only to Germany but not Austria. This seems strange to me. Why did Hitler develop ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Visit of Greek philosophers to Rome in 155 BCE

In 155 BCE a delegation of three Greek philosophers arrived in Rome on a political mission (to negotiate the settlement of war fines). During their stay they succeeded in raising Greek philosophy to ...
8
votes
5answers
475 views

What does a “boat crimper” do?

Working with Census data and other 19th century sources, I occasionally come across the occupation of "boat crimper." I can't figure out what these boat crimpers do. Based on the definition of ...
7
votes
11answers
2k views

Destruction of iconic structures in wars of the 20th century and later

I was thinking about this question I just asked, and I wonder whether the potential destruction of such an iconic building is even a realistic fear. Has there been any incident of deliberate ...
6
votes
2answers
325 views

Scaffoldings on Taj Mahal?

I recently came across this picture (removed now, look at wiki article instead), saying that it is a scaffolding erected during WW2 over Taj Mahal to protect it from Japanese Air Force. Even the ...
-4
votes
0answers
86 views

How often and for what reasons were soldiers of higher rank shot by those of lower rank? [closed]

I am interested in "fraggings" and executions by officers who kill or attempt to kill more senior officers. My interest is in 20th century formal militaries. I am interested in military hierarchies ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Hitler's Dental Records

I always found WWII to be boring, so I never formed any strong opinions or historical knowledge about it. After watching a few dozen Hitler Ranting videos, however, I picked up a few documentaries ...
11
votes
3answers
913 views

Buddhists in ancient Alexandria and Rome

I came across this quote in an interview with British philosopher Jonardon Ganeri: What I would add is that philosophy did not have a single origin, but many origins around the world, and each ...

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