1
vote
1answer
67 views

Why is Europe so cluttered with countries? [on hold]

There are much more countries with smaller area in Europe than any other continent. Why is that?
3
votes
0answers
79 views

How Widespread Was Dueling In The United States from its formation to 1860?

I saw a different question that sparked my interest in this subject. Several important people in American history have died dueling, so my question is how widespread was dueling in the U.S until 1860? ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Fish/Shark skin sandpaper

It seems to be a well-established fact that sharkskin was used as sandpaper. This includes the use of the skin of rays and dog sharks. My question is: A. how far back does this practice go? B. were ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What did Richlieu mean by his “six lines” quote?

Cardinal Richelieu is frequently quoted as saying, If you give me six lines written by the hand of the most honest of men, I will find something in them which will hang him. What I've never seen ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Are there documented shifts in how history, time, and accuracy were regarded in society? [on hold]

I recall an interview where Reza Aslan described that History, in its present form, didn't always exist that way. That is the rigor, validation, and peer review wasn't present. Instead, it was a ...
23
votes
2answers
4k views

Why does this statue have five legs?

Bulls have 4 legs. These statues have 5 legs. Why? Khorsabad The Palace of Sargon This area mainly contains sculptures from the city and palace of Khorsabad, built for the Assyrian ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Did Charlemagne's Christian conquest of Germany cause the Vikings to hit back at Britain?

A documentary on the dark ages says that Vikings invaded the British isles after Charlemagne of France conquered some of Germany and forced the Germans to convert or die in the years 783-804. The ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

When did the use of “Contact!” by soldiers emerge?

I was recently watching a World War One docudrama-esque show (Our World War (BBC)) and, while patrolling and fighting to control Trones Wood some British troops unexpectedly encounter the German ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Please help identify aircarft

Can anyone help identify this aircraft. I was told it is a Northrup design. Looks pre WWII to me. Al
10
votes
2answers
188 views

What did education look like in occupied countries during WW2?

For example, Germans occupied Poland, then Ukraine as a part of USSR. And this occupation went on for several years. Did universities keep on working? Schools? How did the curriculum change? I ...
0
votes
2answers
135 views

Why did Britain place naval mines in their own Channel in WW2?

Reading about Naval Mines, I came across a curious claim: for example, during World War II, Britain declared simply that it had mined the English Channel, North Sea, and French coast. It's not ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

How did McClellan's and Grant's strategies vary when capturing Richmond?

The two Generals, George B. McClellan and Ulysses S. Grant were very different as leaders of the Union Army. What were the differences between their strategies when trying to capture the capital of ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

In Europe, why were hereditary dynasties were more prevalent in the medieval world than in the ancient world? [on hold]

I know that at least in Western Europe, the various dynasties that held the title of Holy Roman Emperor claimed descent from Charlemagne. In France, the Capetians were the first to call themselves ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Which Canadian universities required Ancient Greek and Latin? From when to when?

I limit this question to universities in Canada. 1. What rough percentage of universities required Ancient Greek and Latin, for admission? 2. Then what about after admission, during university? ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Which was the last pitched battle fought by Western powers? [on hold]

If we define a pitched battle as a fierce military engagement on close combat on the ground between two armies at war. Both intending on fighting the other and not retreating or escaping before ...
8
votes
1answer
78 views

What disruptions were brought about by Islam that the Arabians saw so many victories?

The Rashidun Caliphate had its inception with the advent of Islam. It was situated amidst two of the most formidable empires of the known world: The Byzantine Empire and The Sassanid Empire. But ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

What was the fertility rate in Ancient Rome and how did this number evolve over time?

Is it known what the fertility rate in ancient Rome was and how did this number evolve over time, especially towards its end? As in, how many children did each woman give birth to on average? The ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there a relationship between the Pelasgians and Sea Peoples?

Wikipedia describes the Pelasgians as follows: all the indigenous inhabitants of the Aegean Sea region and their cultures before the advent of the Greek language. And that these people where ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

How was the Spartan “300” battle recorded?

The famous battle of Thermopylae, when the 300 strong Spartan army lead by King Leonidas and his Athenian allies fought King Xerxes and his massive Persian army, was all recorded by a Greek scribe. ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What is the back story behind the Baja California towns of “Purgatorio” and “Providencia”?

I'm reading a book on Mexican history, and noticed in a map that there are two towns or cities next to each other in Baja California, one named Purgatorio (purgatory) and the other Providencia ...
-4
votes
0answers
58 views

Was the British Empire a force for good? [on hold]

Do you think the British Empire was a force for good or just an unnecessary force for dominance and greed. As I am sure you know, peoples life expectancy and health have increased substantially over ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

What was the average size of French families during the Middle Ages?

My question takes place in at the beginning of the middle-ages in France. Let's focus on small villages and ordinary people (peasants, craftsmen, etc.). I would like to know how many people used to ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

AP World History for Computer Science (Programming) Major? [closed]

So, for my next year, I would be taking AP World History. I'm not sure if taking this course would benefit me that much, in terms of time and energy, since I mostly likely (99.9%) would take Computer ...
-1
votes
0answers
42 views

Did Buddha live in a Republic? [closed]

Wikipedia says that Buddha lived in Sakya Republic. Other sources identify Buddha as a monarch and a prince. Which one is right? (follow up question: if some republics occurred in India, what ...
-2
votes
0answers
37 views

What was the true origin of the Freemasons? [closed]

I can't find anything about the origin of the Freemasons, actually I have read a few articles and stories but none of them seems to satisfy my question; where they originated? I am really thirsty to ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Did defeated countries pay theirs war bonds? [on hold]

This related question approaches how beneficial war bonds were to US during WWII. I would like to know what happen with war bonds when a country is defeated. What did happen in similar experiences? ...
-1
votes
0answers
55 views

Was it possible for Gorbachev to save the country in the 1980s? [closed]

Was it possible for Gorbachev to save the country in the 1980s if he had tried the same reforms Chinese did--private property, decentralization, etc. Or was it already too late, or impossible from the ...
-1
votes
1answer
88 views

European colonization of India: contrast with America

The European colonization of Americas was a bloody conquest leading to significant destruction of the native population (and their cultures). Aside from the fact that a lot of natives inadvertently ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

What would be the GDP of the Roman Empire?

I understand that this particular question is hard to answer. However, do there exist any historical record to how much was the GDP of Rome at some period? If not, could you give me a speculation or a ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

What's the relationship between Solomon's Temple and Christians? [closed]

An Evangelical-Pentecostal church has built a huge replica of Solomon's Temple in Brazil. But why Solomon's Temple? What does it have to do with Jesus Christ and the Christian faith? It's very odd to ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Does what Macaulay said or not said matter? [closed]

The statement attributed to Lord Macaulay might be correct or otherwise. It was the mindset of the British and the East India company who came to rule India for 2 centuries, and left when it became ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

How can I find the most complete list of the names of Kaytn Massacre victims?

The Katyn Massacre refers to a series of mass executions of Polish prisoners by Soviet authorities during WW2. The number of victims is estimated to be over 22,000. How can I go about finding the ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Why did the Germans not encircle and besiege Stalingrad?

The Germans spent a large amount of manpower in adverse territory for this city, even after long exhausting continuous combat. After the war, Kliest wrote: The capture of Stalingrad was ...
8
votes
2answers
759 views

What does this Samurai crest mean?

Some years ago I was given something that I believe is called, in Japanese, a jubako. It's a multi-layered box and on the inside of the lid it features this crest: When searching for information on ...
6
votes
3answers
283 views

Why was there a tradition attached to Crossbowmen?

Medieval literature makes several references to Gascon, Flemish and especially Genoese to denote elite troops wielding Crossbows. However, it isn't exactly hard to shoot a Crossbow accurately and ...
-1
votes
0answers
49 views

What do you call? [closed]

What do you call a person who discovers a Native American campsite with artifacts?
5
votes
1answer
123 views

Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?

The Polish Wikipedia about the battle of Kowal (1327) says (translation mine, maybe in some places duke and prince are not used correctly): In 1327 Władysław I Łokietek [the Polish king] begun the ...
16
votes
3answers
4k views

Who liberated Denmark in WWII?

The obvious encyclopedic site surprisingly has nothing on this in its article about Denmark in WWII. It alludes to a British occupation force after the war, but is not clear who actually liberated ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

What was the reason for Gandhi's visit to Africa [closed]

Why did Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi visit South Africa? What was the purpose of his visit to South Africa?
-1
votes
0answers
41 views

US detente with Cuba: could one reason for it be the development of a sphere of criminality (drug cartels) outside of the Cuban regimes control? [closed]

Although matters have come along way since the 80's - 90's and Cuba's drug ties http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/archive/cubaandcocaine.html (or at least we haven't actually heard ...
-1
votes
0answers
102 views

What are the heaviest swords in the world? [closed]

What are the heaviest swords in the world? How were these swords used on the battlefield?
0
votes
0answers
48 views

What did a carpenter's square signify, outside of carpentry? [closed]

norm (n.) "standard, pattern, model," 1821, from French norme, from Latin norma "carpenter's square, rule, pattern," of unknown origin. Klein suggests a borrowing (via Etruscan) of Greek ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Was the wall of the Second Temple part of the fortification of Jerusalem?

In the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, there is a 1:50 model of Jerusalem from the Roman period (Holyland Model of Jerusalem). There it shows that the Temple was at the edge of the city and seemingly one ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

What does “the purpose of history is ideological” mean? [closed]

I have this question which states "How does the story of Columbus illustrate that the purpose of history is ideological?" Unfortunately, I am having trouble understanding what exactly the question is ...
9
votes
4answers
214 views

What did other European powers say when Portugal and Spain signed the Treaty of Tordesillas?

In 1494, Portugal and Castile (succeeded by Spain) divided all lands outside Europe, including the newly "on-discovering" Americas, between them signing the Treaty of Tordesillas. What were the ...
4
votes
3answers
154 views

What was the largest empire in terms of time of communication between its two ends?

What was the largest empire in human history in terms of the time required to deliver a message from one end of the empire to the other? How long was this time?
-2
votes
1answer
54 views

Which trade route took the longest (in time) to travel? [closed]

Which historic trade route took the longest in (time) to travel and how long did it take? Even better would be if somebody knew the commodities that were transported on the route.
5
votes
3answers
159 views

What was the opportunity cost to bombing the rail lines to Auschwitz?

Occasionally ranters, internet and otherwise, claim that America betrayed the Jews because Roosevelt was asked to bomb the rails to Auschwitz and he refused/ rebuffed them. Is it difficult to bomb a ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Greek Revolution: Where did the Greeks look for descendants of the Byzantine dynasties?

I recall reading in a few books that during the early to mid 19th century, the Greeks where trying to find European nobles who had genealogies linked to the dynasties of the old Byzantine Empire ...
-1
votes
1answer
160 views

Were the Axis Powers really obligated to attack USSR and USA? [duplicate]

EDIT: I don't think it's a duplicate of this. That question asks why attack USSR while still fighting Britain (and I think the OP has a misunderstanding there because the Battle of Britain was already ...

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