5
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the longest running legal case?

The Black Hills Lands Claim is an ongoing land dispute between the US Government and The Sioux Nation. The treaty of Fort Laramie protected the hills from white settlement, but the discovery of gold ...
-1
votes
2answers
182 views

Why couldn't Germans and Finns capture Leningrad? [closed]

The Siege of Leningrad lasted for about 2,5 years. And Germans cooperated with Finns during the siege. As we know Wehrmacht dominated the battlefield in 1941 and 1942. So why couldn't they capture ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Did a capital ship ever hit anything with a torpedo?

It seems WWI and inter-war ship designers went a bit torpedo mad, both in their fear of them and in their use, finally coming to their senses in the harsh realities of WWII. I've seen many examples ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

WWII documentary series with end credits that used a diorama

I remember a series about World War II where the end credits were shown over a camera that panned over a diorama that show the progress of the war that started with normal scenes that slowly ...
45
votes
6answers
31k views

Why is Christopher Columbus credited for “discovering” America?

Even if we ignore the millions of native Americans who lived in the continent before Columbus "discovered" it, even if we ignore other civilizations (eg: Polynesians, Phoenicians, Chinese, Arabs, ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Primary sources for ratification of Constitutional amendments

How would I know that Constitutional amendments were ratified on certain dates? What evidence would I have? For example, a search result from the Library of Congress website states that the 15th ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

What did the Allied WW1 propaganda for the Germans say?

I recently came across this passage of Mein Kampf where Hitler praises the effectiveness of WW1 Allied propaganda over the German people: At first the claims of the propaganda were so impudent ...
6
votes
1answer
455 views

When was tofu invented? Was it specifically for vegetarian consumption from the beginning?

The Wikipedia page on tofu states that this food was first produced in Han dynasty China. However, the source cited seems to me quite doubtful: The oldest evidence of tofu production is a Chinese ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

Are the traditions of Ground Hog Day connected to those of Candlemas Day in Europe?

Today, the 2nd February was Ground Hog Day. In Europe it was also Candlemas Day (the Feast of the Presentation of Jesus in the Temple). Now there is a tradition in America that if the humble ground ...
-1
votes
0answers
100 views

To what extent was the US federal government reacting to, or promoting, the Civil Rights Movement?

In some cases the government seem to have taken action only in reaction to activism, for example Eisenhower and Little Rock Nine. On the other hand, sometimes the government appeared to have acted ...
15
votes
1answer
237 views

Was there a social stigma for British born/living in India prior to WW2/Indian independence?

My father (1926 - 2007) always said he was born and raised in England until immigrating to Australia in 1947 after being discharged from the army. I have now found out through his army records that ...
27
votes
8answers
10k views

Has there ever been a battle with only a single survivor?

Do we have record of any large scale battle (for example more than 1000 combatants) where only one person survived? I just thought of it randomly and wondered whether it may have ever happened.
4
votes
3answers
136 views

Were there any assassinations of high-profile Austrian officials before that of the Archduke Ferdinand?

I am trying to argue that "the Blank Cheque" ushered Austria to be aggressive against Serbia, thus leading to WW1. Were there any assassinations, mainly by Serbians, of equally or a bit less important ...
5
votes
4answers
424 views

How did South Korea become one of the most developed nations on Earth? [on hold]

What I've learnt from South Korean history (roughly, from one of my liberal arts classes) is that because of their geographical disadvantage, they were invaded by China and Japan numerous times in the ...
-2
votes
1answer
51 views

Illegal election or coup d'état that brought to the same result than a regular election would have [closed]

The point of a coup d'état, or the implementation of irregular/illegal procedures during a vote, is obviously to force a better outcome for the people behind it than they would obtain by following the ...
15
votes
6answers
1k views

Why were there civil wars in Croatia and Bosnia, but not in Slovenia or Macedonia?

It seems that during the breakup of Yugoslavia there were civil wars during speakers of the (then officially) same language - Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks, but not, e.g., between Serbs and Slovenians. ...
9
votes
1answer
146 views

What status and rights did a Roman freedwoman have?

When a slave was freed by a Roman citizen, he became a Roman citizen himself, although with certain legal disabilities: eg, he could not stand for public office, he could not join the army, and was ...
16
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is Thailand considered an Axis power in WWII?

I read a Wikipedia article about military history of Thailand and it left me a taste of anti-Thai bias. It is known that Thailand in 1940 (after the fall of Paris and establishment of Vichy ...
13
votes
6answers
29k views

Why have officers in the U.S. army tended to “top out” at the level of Major?

In the U.S. army, something like 75%-80% of newly-commissioned Second Lieutenants are promoted to First Lieutenant (around age 25), perhaps 75%-80% of First Lieutenants are promoted to Captain (ages ...
7
votes
1answer
329 views

How was the relation between the Ottoman Empire and Serbia, Greece, and Montenegro during the Second Balkan War?

As pointed out by Tom Au in this answer to "Has there ever been a truly multi-sided war?", Turkey fought and lost to Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro in the First Balkan War. However, shortly ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Did Italian irredentists ever lay claim to the Swiss Canton of Tessin?

The Italian irredentists wanted all Italian-speaking regions to be annexed by Italy, most specifically parts of Austria-Hungary, and this is why Italy joined the entente during the Great War, in order ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Why were North Native Americans less advanced than Central or South?

I was taught that the Native Americans (both North, then South) primarily came down from Canada from what is now Russia. Whether or not that is true, why did the Native American civilizations from the ...
3
votes
2answers
178 views

Could a citizen in Nazi Germany sue the government or doctors over the eugenics program?

What would've happened if a person in Nazi Germany sued doctors or the state for murder of their disabled relatives? Also, were people allowed to view public records in Nazi Germany? Were records ...
7
votes
0answers
85 views

Where did Roman senators mostly live in the time of Tiberius or Caligula?

My understanding is that under the Republic the Palatine was the most popular place for senators and their families, but from the time of Nero the Imperial family more-or-less took over the Palatine. ...
39
votes
7answers
8k views

Why aren't there major cities on the Atlantic coast of France?

I see Bordeaux and Nantes, but they are a short ways inland. The U.S. has several like New York, Boston, Miami, Charleston.
7
votes
3answers
277 views

What was the official attitude to Cromwell after the Glorious Revolution?

Under the restored Stuarts, obviously, Cromwell was vilified. Actually, his exhumed head was publicly displayed on a pike for more than 20 years during their rule (wikipedia devotes a separate article ...
2
votes
4answers
676 views

Why was a convicted Nazi war criminal buried with military honours?

[Source 1:] Erich von Manstein died of a stroke on the night of 9 June 1973 at the age of 85. As the last but one[a] surviving German field marshal, he was buried with full military honours, his ...
26
votes
6answers
13k views

Where did the Gaels originate?

The origin and spreading out of the Celtic peoples is a topic shrouded in mystery, at least to my mind. While the Germanic migrations occurred during the late Imperial Roman period and Early Middle ...
21
votes
5answers
706 views

Which Babylonian tablets contains the list of squares and cubes?

The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive writes Two tablets found at Senkerah on the Euphrates in 1854 date from 2000 BC. They give squares of the numbers up to 59 and cubes of the numbers up ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Was a copy of Bobadilla's report on Christopher Columbus really found in a Spanish archive in 2006?

As claimed in The Guardian A transcription of the document is apparently available on JSTOR here, the section "Pesquisa Del Comendador Francisco de Bobadilla". I cannot read Spanish and otherwise ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Did the date of 9/11 have significance, or was it chosen randomly?

One thing I've been wondering ever since 9/11 is whether the date was randomly chosen, or if it was chosen specifically for its resemblance to the American emergency hotline 9-1-1 (or something else)? ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Why was Otto Von Bismarck NOT a unifying figure in the 19th century? [closed]

For history class, my partner and I have to debate against another team on whether or not Otto Von Bismarck was a unifying figure in 19th century Europe. We are unfortunately arguing the Con side of ...
17
votes
3answers
4k views

Use of “Swastika” in The Great Gatsby

In the Great Gatsby, in Chapter 9 Fitzgerald writes that Nick visited Meyer Wolfsheim and that he was in an office with a door marked "Swastika Holding Company." The Great Gatsby was written between ...
-4
votes
0answers
82 views

When and how did pro-white racism develop in primarily non-white countries such as India and China? [closed]

The rise of pro-white racism in European countries and North American countries is understandable because their polity and society have been primarily dominated throughout most of history by a ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did JFK give approval for the CIA to encourage Diem's deposal

In 1963, weeks before his own assassination, President Kennedy gave approval for the CIA to encourage a group of South Vietnamese generals to depose President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam. The ...
24
votes
8answers
5k views

Why was PTSD not written about as much before the 20th century?

As late as WW1 there was very little literature surrounding PTSD/'shellshock'. In fact, the term was not coined until the 1980's. Considering the fact that warfare has been a part of human life since ...
-1
votes
0answers
166 views

Why didn't Pomerania and Lower Silesia remain at least partially Polish ethnically? [closed]

At the beginning of the 10th century, the western border of Poland was very close to the current border The German-Polish linguistic and political border has progressively shifted eastwards, and only ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Age of Finnish soldiers in Winter War and Continuation War

During World War 2, A. By what ages where men/women allowed to voluntarily join the Finnish army (upper and lower bounds if there was any, differences between men and women)? B. By what ages was ...
44
votes
15answers
8k views

Has there ever been a truly multi-sided war?

I was playing StarCraft the other night, and it occurred to me: that game series portrays effectively a 3-way war, where all three factions are fighting the other two with equal ferocity. Obviously, ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

Is it true that US tracer rounds were red and VC green during Vietnam war?

Quote from American Marine diary about tracers during vietnam: 0200 hours - Heavier fire coming in. Never had seen green tracers used against us. In a way, kind of pretty to look at, red ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Did the Huns contribute to the Great Migration of Germanic Peoples into the Western Empire?

I just listed to this episode of the British History Podcast (which is excellent I might add). During the podcast, the podcaster states that climate change was a major contributor to the Anglo Saxons ...
10
votes
3answers
694 views

When did hanging emerge as a form of capital punishment?

As the title has it: when did hanging emerge as a form of legal execution? The Wikipedia article (linked) has nothing to say about this. I've done the best I can with a search in Google Scholar, but ...
35
votes
3answers
19k views

Why were the Romans unable to conquer Germania?

Emperor Augustus ordered his army to subdue the Germanic tribes in what is modern Germany. This was promptly achieved and by 6 AD the Romans controlled Germany up to the river Elba. The Romans were ...
3
votes
2answers
487 views

Origin of left and right-hand road traffic rules, respectively [closed]

Some countries we drive on the left; some countries we drive on the right. What is the origin of each style?
6
votes
4answers
353 views

Why did Argentina seize South Georgia immediately prior to the Falklands invasion?

What purpose was served by Argentina's occupation of South Georgia immediately prior to the invasion of the Falklands? The famously elaborate operation, involving marines masquerading as scrap metal ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Meaning of 19th-century American parlour games

I would really appreciate it if someone could explain to me the meaning of three American parlour games of the 19th century. I am now translating a novel where these games are mentioned and would like ...
9
votes
3answers
207 views

Why did the Turks adopt the Latin alphabet after WWI?

The Turks used to write their language using the Arabic alphabet. After WWI, when Mustafa Kemal revolutionized the country, he imposed the usage of Latin alphabet. Also the new writing system seems to ...
7
votes
4answers
282 views

What is the oldest verifiably correctly translated written work?

How old is the oldest written work where we have translated what is written on it in correctly that is verified? Sigh. I've tried writing that sentence in a way that is understandable and am having ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How do historians deal with Historical Bias?

A while ago while watching Crash Course World History, John Green mentioned how Alexander the Great died from the flu despite many people from that time claiming that he died in battle (because this ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did everyone try getting to the Pole via the Ross Sea, not the Weddell Sea?

For a long time, the South Pole was one of the last great targets of explorers on Earth. There were a number of expeditions to explore the region, but for some reason, everyone who tried to reach the ...

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