-1
votes
0answers
22 views

Hoe did early US settlements lead to the establishment of the first 13 colonies? [duplicate]

How did a one-city settlement before the establishment of the Union (eg Jamestown) develop into a colony multiple cities big and with enough solidarity to, as a whole, to become one colony and then, ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Athenian tribute lists

Who were the Athenian tributes in the 434/433 and 430/29 periods?
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Did loot from the 4th Crusade turn up in interesting places?

The horses of St. Mark were taken to Venice. Are there any other objects that are known to have turned up elsewhere?
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the current U.S. monetary standard? [on hold]

Despite my greatest efforts, I could not find any information about what standard the U.S. is using at this time. Apparently, we used to be on a gold standard. What about now? Do we even have a ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Was there continuity in the political elite between the Confederation Congress and the US Congress?

I mean the Congress under the Articles of Confederation from 1781 to 1789. Did the Constitutional system sweep aside the former class of politicians who made a poor job of government under the ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

How did Helen Keller understand English? [on hold]

Helen Keller has fascinated me for quite some time. What she achieved in her life time, being both blind and deaf. One question though, how did she begin to comprehend the English language being ...
-1
votes
2answers
88 views

Why did the assasination of Franz Ferdinand trigger WW1? [on hold]

I understand that there were also other reasons other than the assassination, but this is widely considered the trigger for WW1. Why? And why did the whole world get involved with this one ...
8
votes
2answers
283 views

Why did antique guns and swords from the Franco-Prussian War make part of the demilitarization program to which Germany was subjected?

As is well known, after the WW2 ended, the U.S. imposed a strong program of demilitarization to Germany. Can anybody explain the reason why the "antique guns and swords from the Franco-Prussian ...
-2
votes
2answers
183 views

Who founded Rome?

According to myth ". . . the Trojan refugee Aeneas escape[d] to Italy and found[ed] the line of Romans through his son Iulus, the namesake of the Julio-Claudian dynasty." Aside: Livy (1797). The ...
26
votes
4answers
8k views

Do Real Roman and Greek warriors have big muscles and six-pack abs like in the movie?

When watching movies like Spartacus (2004), Gladiator (2000), etc, I often see Roman or Greek warriors have a lot of big muscles and six-pack abs. What about real Roman and Greek warriors in real ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

What was approximate Attila The Hun death toll? [closed]

I was looking around for data about leaders with the highest death tolls, and Attila The Huns name popped up, there are plenty of articles on how horrible he was however I could not find any data on ...
24
votes
7answers
4k views

Why did the United Kingdom industrialize first?

What factors made the United Kingdom the first to industrialize? Was it simply the importance and benefit of its position in the global community for trade?
0
votes
1answer
88 views
0
votes
5answers
146 views

Why was there no solution found to Soviet famines and near-famines? [closed]

One thing I never understood about the Soviet Union were the famines and near-famines; those that were not explicitly engineered by the regime like Holodomor. How could a nuclear power suffer from ...
-6
votes
0answers
62 views

Terrorism in 2011 [closed]

According to wikipedia's article on Terrorism against the United States there were no attacks in 2011. That seems odd given the pattern of previous years. Is this an accurate representation of ...
7
votes
3answers
111 views

What evidence is there that English Political divisions from the 1600s are replicated in American politics today?

This post makes the claim that American political divisions today have their roots in English political divisions from the 1600's. For example: East Anglians, the core of the Parliamentarian ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

What was the Nove / Millar debate, how is it important to the historiography of the Soviet Union?

The Nove / Millar debate was a debate amongst economic historians in the 1970s, where the Western understanding of Soviet economic development in the 1920 and 1930s was seriously revised. In ...
6
votes
2answers
587 views

Who were the Wright brothers competitors?

I heard that there was a person who was sponsored by the government to make the first flying airplane. The Wright brothers beat him to it and this made him really depressed and he gave up his career. ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

When did the US adopt a special way of folding the flag?

In the US, there's a proper way to fold the flag. From what I can tell, there is no equivalent method in the UK. When did the US adopt this special method for folding the flag?
-2
votes
0answers
58 views

False notions regarding the Catholic Church in the Medieval Ages [closed]

I have a professor who keeps mentioning a false claim regarding the Catholic Church during the Medieval Times that I know is historically untrue but I do not know how to give a concise ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

How did native Americans and European colonists conduct their trades?

I'm curious to know how Natives Americans and Europeans colonists traded during the colonization of north-east America. what kind of currencies (if any) were used? Or did they barter?
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How many people were beheaded by the Guillotine in France during the French Revolution (1789-1794)?

Concerning the period of the Thermidorian Reaction we find Carlyle in his "A History" reporting the following: This Convention, now grown Anti-Jacobin,did,with an eye to justify and fortify ...
5
votes
0answers
81 views

What was the first time the '@' at sign was used to address an user? [closed]

The first app I know to use "@" to address people is Twitter and then it caught on. I know that "@" was used in Usenet as a replacement for the word "at", but not to refer to specific users to my ...
4
votes
2answers
190 views

Did Gustavus Adolphus ever speak of making himself Emperor?

Such an assertion is made on p. 91 of Richelieu and the French Monarchy by C.V.Wedgwood. There are no footnotes, this being a book for the general reader, so I would like to have a corroboration for ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Capitalization of countries names in 1965 [closed]

On a random search using google ngram viewer (looking at relative word usage by year) I noticed that there was a spike in the use of "japan", "korea", "vietnam" and "china" without capital letters in ...
37
votes
9answers
10k views

How come Indians were not mass converted to Islam/Christianity?

India was ruled by Muslims from around 12 century to 1857 and then by British till 1947 but India still have a large number of Hindus. Countries like Indonesia, Afghanistan, Malaysia now have Islam as ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What determined the order of letters in the alphabet

I'm sure that we can trace the order of letters in the modern Latin alphabet to precursors (the Greek alphabet, various Semitic writing systems). But at some point an order had to be chosen for ...
5
votes
2answers
436 views

Origin of Khans?

I live in India where lots of Muslims are Khans. I know about Genghis Khan who was not a Muslim but a Khan. So is their any relation between Khans like Genghis Khan (or Mongols) and current Khans?
-3
votes
0answers
36 views

Norse Gods origins? [closed]

The Norse people originated around the Black see in ancient times. The following are some examples of Norse Gods and the meaning of their names in Bulgarian/Thracian. Buri in Bulgarian is precisely ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

When and where was salt as valuable as gold?

I have often heard that gold and salt were sometimes considered of equal value. When and where did that occur?
-1
votes
0answers
31 views

Judicial review [closed]

I was in Civics and got a packet to do but there this one question I don't understand. So if you guys could please help me out on this. "What could be the danger of the Supreme Court having the power ...
24
votes
5answers
4k views

What language(s) were spoken within the Holy Roman Empire?

What language(s) were considered the primary language for the Holy Roman Empire? Were there many different languages spoken due to the many different regions?
7
votes
0answers
112 views

When did the Greeks stop calling themselves “Roman”?

I've been reading a lot about the Byzantine Empire recently, and one of the things I see pointed out over and over again is that "Byzantine" is a term coined by historians, not by the people ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

The Nuu-Chah-Nulths, when did whaling end?

I am wondering when the Nuu-Chah-Nulths stopped whaling. I've been looking around and can't seem to find anything, it would be a great help if anyone had the answer, thanks in advance to anyone who ...
4
votes
3answers
91 views

Why was Anne of Austria so called?

She was a Spanish princess by birth. So why is she called "of Austria"? Is it because her mother was an Austrian princess? But presumably, it should be the person's place of birth that gives them ...
13
votes
5answers
991 views

Is there any evidence that the Catholic Church slowed innovation during the Middle Ages?

I often hear that the rate of innovation was very high during ancient times in Greece and the Roman empire. I've also heard that the rate of innovation was reduced once the Catholic Church gained ...
10
votes
5answers
510 views

Were the (early 17th C) arrivers/colonists to North America (USA) outcasts from European societies?

I have heard that early pilgrims for 'the new world' (North America / USA) left because they were indigent and had no support in their homelands. I have also heard that some were criminals or ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Tiberius Gracchus' strategy after Punic Wars [closed]

Did Tiberius Gracchus' strategy as tribune worked towards the best interests of the Republic, given the political, social, and economic climate after the Punic Wars?
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Was any Medieval state ever “partially” Roman Catholic? [closed]

It is my understanding that in most of (if not all) the states in western medieval Europe the Roman Catholic church was the only recognized religious body. I'm looking for an example of a state with ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

In which places of the UK did the Vikings/Scandinavians have most frequent contact or colonies?

I was in York, England and there was a museum called Jorvik Viking Centre, which spoke about the Vikings who lived there. It said that the area back then was mostly populated by the Vikings. Since ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What effect did the execution of Louis XVI have on French foreign policy?

I was studying West Civilization and other events in history and I was quite conflicted here. I know who Louis was and everything but I don't really know enough to be able to answer the question in ...
6
votes
1answer
330 views

Were there historical examples of “citizen's arrest” concept in history independent of British common law?

I know that the concept of "citizen's arrest" in USA originated from British common law. It seems that in a lot of countries listed in Wiki are ones that have the same origin of that law, since they ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Why is Toledo not the capital of Spain anymore? [closed]

A few hundred years ago Toledo was the capital of Spain. Back then, Madrid was a small town with a relatively small number of citizens. What is the reason that Toledo is not the capital anymore?
6
votes
1answer
718 views

How did Columbus calculate the size of the Earth?

Eratosthenes' calculations of the size of the Earth were very precise and very accepted during Columbus' time. Still, Columbus was convinced that the world was significatively smaller and that getting ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Why do (almost) all countries have a flag, coat of arms, anthem, national holiday etc.?

A number of official symbols are used by virtually all modern nations. These include: National flag1 Coat of arms National anthem National Day Given that it is often difficult to get even two of ...
5
votes
1answer
72 views

Keynesian economics during his era

Nowadays in politics, critics of Keynesian economics say it is unsustainable spending. However, I know that John Maynard Keynes actually said budgets should be balanced in the medium term, just not ...
12
votes
3answers
637 views

What was the foreign policy of 1791 France?

Having done some research on my own had yielded little to no results on pre-radical revolutionary France regarding foreign policy. I am specifically looking for arguments during the constitutional ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

What was the official policy of British administration about the integration of Indian Princely States in 1947?

What direction was given in Indian Independence Act, 1947 about the political integration of Princely States during the partition of India? What policy was introduced by the British authority about ...
4
votes
2answers
269 views

Was either side legally in the right in the Hundred Years War?

Legalistically speaking which side was right in the Hundred Years War. My view is that the Salic law combined with the principle that nobody can transmit a right greater than he himself can possess ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

What historical incidents to Russian historians study to understand crisis management? [closed]

"Groupthink" -- a word originally coined by William H. White in 1952, is a phenomenon that occurs when members of a cohesive group are concerned with quickly reaching a consensus in their decision ...

15 30 50 per page