1
vote
1answer
52 views

Is there a Buddhist-Franciscan connection?

A sentence in a book review seems to presuppose that: Cardini also says nothing about the Muslim world as a conduit for cultural goods from even greater distances, such as Chinese-style ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Do British peers have a special way of signing their names?

This passage in wikipedia implies that they do: Shortly before his death, Forrest was informed that the King had approved his being raised to the British peerage as Baron Forrest of Bunbury. ...
9
votes
1answer
104 views

Who owned Franz Josef islands between 1918-1926?

Franz Josef land was discovered and claimed by Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1873. Previously Norway discovered it, but they never reported the discovery. The Austro-Hungarian Empire dissoluted in ...
-1
votes
0answers
59 views

Historical events for Britain-Australia separation [closed]

The way I remember it Australia was a PURELY British colony(not mixed like N. America or others) and it is independent from Britain now apart from the commonwealth stuff. What were the events the led ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

What were the Jurchen tribes/confederations in the 11th-12th centuries?

I couldn't find anything about them other than vague geographical localization. Basically, I'm looking for the highest tribal organizations (no need to cite every single clan), akin to the five Mongol ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

What is the origin of the term 'Great Dictator'? [closed]

I assumed that the term comes from Charlie Chaplin's 1940 comic parody of Nazi Germany, however I found this reference which pre-dates that film, from 1932. "Stalin is a great man, a great ...
6
votes
1answer
306 views

Jean III de Grailly, captal de Buch's strange title

The title of Jean III de Grailly, captal de Buch, seems odd to me. It was acquired by his father Jean II de Grailly (so it was passed down from father to son like other titles of nobility): Jean ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Were slings used as melee weapons?

Slings were a common weapon in history. Cheap to construct and with ammo plentiful, they were very cost effective to field in great numbers. What I want to know is if there is any historical ...
5
votes
0answers
66 views
+50

Did the Roundheads/Commonwealth of England receive any ideological sympathy abroad?

Were any of the various republican ideas or factions in the time of the English Civil War/Commonwealth of England given any support by people elsewhere in Europe? I know the rest of Europe was busy ...
9
votes
1answer
183 views

What was the third best-selling book in the antebellum US?

I always hear that Uncle Tom's Cabin was the best-selling novel in antebellum America and the second best-selling book overall. The Bible, of course, was number one. Here's an insanely detailed ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Why did textile mill owners during the industrial revolution keep their factory windows closed? [closed]

This is an excerpt from Harbinger, published in 1846 on the working conditions of mills in Lowell, MA and Manchester, NH: The atmosphere of such a room cannot of course be pure; on the contrary it ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

British Slave Inventory

At what point were the numbers of slaves transported by the British to America first recorded? How many people were transported as slaves from Africa to America by the British? How many of them died ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

annual historical series [closed]

There is an russian historical series Namedni 1961-1991 Nasha Era by Leonid Parfenov. Every episode is dedicated to a particular year (e.g. 1971). In every episode there are "events, people, phenomena ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Is there any history of persecution of Jews in Asia? [closed]

Specifically, not in Christian or Muslim majority countries? Are there any books about the history of Jews in these countries?
4
votes
0answers
44 views

What was the size of the Chola Empire's navy under Raja Raja Chozhan I?

Raja Raja Chola I was an Indian emperor from around the 11th century. He created an empire in South India through conquest, including naval campaigns. He was able to conquer Sri Lanka and the Maldives ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Were new forms of communication and media usually condemned similar to how television/video games are now?

Im sure anyone who is reading this has read atleast an article, blog, books condemning the use of Television and Video games as harmful to children, the behavior of teenagers, intelligence of adults, ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

How many of Japan's 29 lost Pearl Harbor aircraft have been accounted for?

I've seen varying numbers regarding the amount of Japanese aircraft that attacked Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, but the number of attacking planes that failed to return to Japan's carriers remains ...
4
votes
2answers
232 views

Why were Soviets so extremely effective snipers in WW2?

I found a top 10 sniper list from 2nd world war which contains 9 soviet soldiers, and only 1 finnish soldier. Namely: Stepan Vasilievich Petrenko Vasilij Ivanovich Golosov Fyodor Trofimovich ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

High Quality, Primary Source on Troop Movements and Losses in Operation Barbarossa [closed]

I'm searching for a primary source on troop movements and losses in Operation Barbarossa. I've found one source, but it doesn't give any details about the source for the information, just "Army Doctor ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

When did the Chinese begin using night soil as fertilizer?

Farmers in China, Japan and Korea use human waste as fertilizer. But farmers in other parts of Asia where the main crop is paddy rice, like Thailand and Malaysia, do not. Some sources (like King ...
8
votes
3answers
166 views

What was unreasonable about Austria's ultimatum to Serbia?

There are actually three questions. First Question: It is often stated, especially in English-speaking media, that the terms of the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia 1914 were unreasonable. Sometimes the ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Why did Russia inherit the USSR status as a permanent member of the UN Security Council with veto power?

Russian Federation was certainly the biggest component after the collapse of USSR. However, I don't quite understand why the very valuable geopolitical position as a permanent member of UN Security ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

In a Nazi concentration, labor, or death camp, what was a “'sale' Appel”?

I have listened to 100+ hours of testimonies by Holocaust survivors. Those who were in concentration, labor, or death camps invariably described the brutal roll calls known in German as Appels. ...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

What were the FBI's motives for wanting to discredit MLK?

J. Edgar Hoover's FBI had a vendetta against Martin Luther King, Jr. They wiretapped him, threatened to expose his sexual misconduct, accused him of Communist sympathies, and even went so far as to ...
10
votes
1answer
993 views

Average height of Ancient Roman Men and Women?

On a field trip to Philadelphia as a child I visited Betsy Ross' house. I was only 11 at the time and yet my head almost reached the ceiling. The tour guide said that Americans used to be shorter than ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Use of war elephants in Egypt

In a discussion with a friend, we came up with this topic. We know that Indians, Carthaginians and Persians were famous for their use of war elephants in ancient warfare. But the games like Age of ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Why were rockets not popular as part of artillery until 20th century?

Why were rockets not extensively used throughout the world like cannon until the 20th century? Maybe one may ask the reason for pointing out 20th century. I guess it's fair enough after thinking about ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Which French aristocrats were guillotined face-up, if any?

There is a myth that Robespierre was guillotined faced-up (he wasn't); but it raises the question of which aristocrats or disgraced revolutionaries were provably guillotined face-up during the period ...
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

How did Lincoln legitimize the constitutionality of his Emancipation Proclamation? [closed]

How did he convince the south to legitimize the emancipation proclamation?
10
votes
1answer
979 views

What are those X in top of the flag?

Well, I was wondering. What are those crosses in the top of the flag when we visualize military battleplans? For instance, take a look in a map of the Battle for El Alamein: The Free French ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

What machine technology did the Egyptians have to build the great pyramids?

Reading the "Account of Egypt" by Herodotus, it says of the great pyramid of "Cheops" (Macauley translation): This pyramid was made after the manner of steps which some called "rows" and others ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Pennsylvania is not a state, it is a Commonwealth. Why? [closed]

Why is Pennsylvania a Commonwealth and not a state?
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Ressources on non European heraldry and flags? [closed]

I was wondering if there was some good resources about non European heraldry, flags and symbols like this one. My researches yield no good results. I'm specifically interest in the symbols of the ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What was the ideological and philosophical underpinnings of World War II? [closed]

What was the ideological and philosophical underpinnings of World War II? How does imperialism fit into the causes of the war?
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Division of Rome and Its Eventual Decline

What was the effect of dividing Rome into three separate administrative states around 44BC? How did this contribute to the fall of the empire?
-4
votes
1answer
45 views

Are Jefferson and Madison Jacksonians?

There is no written words about whether the two presidents are Jacksonian or followers of Andrew Jackson? And If so, I be very curious why they chose to be Jacksonians and left the Republican Party to ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Who said “Nature that framed us of four elements … doth teach us all to have aspiring minds.”?

Who said “Nature, that framed us of four elements, Warring within our breasts for regiment, Doth teach us all to have aspiring minds.”? According to the Web, you'd think it was Machiavelli, but my ...
6
votes
1answer
179 views

Impact of the Berlin Wall to GDR

"No one has the intention of erecting a wall!" - Walter Ulbricht, June 15,1961. The Wall was erected anyway, because more than 2.6 million East Germans escaped to West Berlin or West Germany from ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Marbury vs Madison, what about other midnight judges?

After reading about it, I still have confusion as to what happened to the other midnight judges that Adams appointed. If the Supreme Court had the power to refuse to give Marbury his commission ...
-2
votes
2answers
136 views

When did the nobles of Europe revert to being “ordinary” citizens? [closed]

From what I've read about citizens of the Roman republic and early empire; the privileges they enjoyed, appear to have been somewhat similar to those of later medieval nobility (separate legal status, ...
4
votes
1answer
288 views

What degree of choice did slaves have over their sexual autonomy?

What degree of choice did chattel slaves in the United States of America1have over their sexual autonomy? Was this codified in any law? 1. Assuming scope is the USA, given the source of the Roots TV ...
30
votes
11answers
7k views

Were the Medieval Britons aware of the existence of the Roman Empire?

I would like to know if the medieval people in Britain, by around 800 AD, knew that there was an empire that ruled Britain several hundreds of years before. Otherwise, were there any myths, legends, ...
6
votes
0answers
109 views

Curious office hours of Topographical Bureau where Napoleon served in 1795?

In his new biography Napoleon the Great Andrew Roberts reports about Napoleon's stint in the Historical and Topographical Bureau of the war ministry in Paris between mid-August and early October 1795. ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

What convinced the Europeans that they hadn't landed in Asia? [duplicate]

Famously, when Columbus (and several other European explorers) landed in the New World, they thought they'd reached Asia. Hence, for example, our use of the word "Indians" for the local peoples. ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

What are the oldest primary sources of recorded history in china?

There is for instance Sima Qian, according to Wikipedia the first Chinese historian, who wrote the Shiji (Records of the Grand Historian) in 109 BCE. But does this primary source still exist, or do ...
25
votes
5answers
2k views

What was the first Solar Eclipse that was demonstrably predicted in advance?

There is a famous story going back to Herodotus according to which Thales of Miletus predicted the solar eclipse of May 28, 585 BC, which interrupted a battle. Given that we have not a single ...
5
votes
2answers
159 views

Where is the Nemesis?

Where is the Nemesis today? Is it simply 'lost at sea', at a museum somewhere, or more likely (as it was an EIC vessel), was it sold for scrap? I did a brief search (of the web), but couldnt find ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Nazi attitude towards pro-Nazi Jews

What was the stance of Nazi doctrine (officially or otherwise) towards pro-Nazi Jews? How did this attitude change (if at all) from the early-mid 30s to the early 40s? To illustrate one example where ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Did the University of California and University of Geneva award honorary degrees to Inazo Nitobe?

According to Inazo Nitobe (author of "Bushido: The Soul of Japan") timelines written in Japanese, he was awarded honorary degrees from "University of California" (Kariforunia Daigaku, カリフォルニア大学) in ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

What relief efforts did the Japanese attempt after the atomic bombings?

Obviously, once the atomic bombs dropped in 1945, the war was almost over. There wasn't much time to rebuild, or even offer aid, to the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki before the Japanese ...

15 30 50 per page