0
votes
1answer
134 views

How do we know the patricians of Rome?

This question asked whether we know the list of patricians from who was consuls. I don't think that is it because I always read that there were originally 100 individuals who were the head of ...
3
votes
3answers
264 views

How did the British and French train their troops during the colonial eras?

From what I saw in movies, during many battles throughout the 1700s to early 1800s involving the French or British armies, rows of troops from both sides would fire volleys of bullets into each other ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Has there ever been an election that flipped as many seats as the 2010 midterm elections?

In the 2010 United States midterm elections, the Democrats lost a net of 680 seats, which were gained by the Republicans. This manifested itself in 21 chambers which the Democrats lost control of and ...
6
votes
1answer
67 views

Were there regionalist/independentist movements or feelings in mid-19th century Spain?

I've become aware that, to a degree, Spain like France or Germany or even the modern USA, is a collection of autonomous bodies who agree to act as a single nation for federal purposes (this may be a ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

Who are reputable historians who study ancient Greece? [closed]

I was wanting to know reputable historians who specialize in Ancient Greek Civilization? For example, Bettany Hughes is one, but I would like to know some more.
3
votes
2answers
172 views

Did any Native Americans adopt a script from Europe (before being assimilated)?

As far as I know, no Native Americans developed their own written language. (Correct me if I'm wrong. There may have been some numeral systems, but that's all I'm aware of.) So now I'm wondering if ...
-2
votes
1answer
86 views

What is the significance of the term “never start changing the borders in Eastern Europe by force?” [closed]

I have read this was the cause of both World War 1 and World War 2. Russia has now seized the Crimea and followed that up with a War in Eastern Ukraine. Does this have any relevance today?
0
votes
1answer
62 views

What Were the Primary Causes of 15th to 19th Century British Chartered Companies' Failures?

A Wikipedia list suggests that the earliest deemed English chartered trade monopoly organization was The Company of Merchant Adventurers of London in 1407 and presumably most, if not nearly all, ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

When did the first electronic body modifications take place?

I have recently been reading about a variety of body modifications ranging from a simple tattoo or ear ring. This led me to wondering about the history of body modification. I tried to ask this as a ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

In the early Roman Republic, did every patrician family have at least one consul?

It appears that gens Foslia for example only produced one: Marcus Foslius Flaccinator in 433. Are there examples of patrician families that produced no consuls? Or is it that our knowledge of ...
4
votes
2answers
354 views

Why was Calcutta a node in the opium smuggling network prior to the Opium Wars in China?

As per Wikipedia's History of Kolkata page: After the territorial conquest of Bengal in 1757, the British East India Company pursued a monopoly on production and export of opium from India. The ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

18th-century gubernatorial elections in the U.S.A

In an disorganized way I have been reading various things about the 18th-century history of Vermont and I wondered whether their way of choosing and installing governors was unique, or the same as ...
-3
votes
1answer
180 views

ِWhen did sexual life outside marriage became popular in Europe? and why? [closed]

In Christianity sexual life outside marriage is banned and for ages it was like that in Europe and the Western world, I want to know at which age this start to became popular that people will have ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

Was *Green Eggs and Ham* really banned in China from 1965–1991?

The Wikipedia article on Green Eggs and Ham states that the children's book was banned in China in 1965 for its "portrayal of early Marxism", and that the ban was lifted in 1991. The citations for ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

The end of swords as infantrymen sidearms [duplicate]

When did infantrymen of Western armies cease to be issued of swords as sidearms (and backup weapons), on a general basis?
8
votes
2answers
695 views

When were the first timezones established?

I understand that the world never used the same universal time everywhere, and that before timezones people used sundials and other solar time-keeping technologies, therefore every few 100 meters ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Was there a real Ocean Liner called the RMS Heroic?

From what I've been able to find, it looks like the "RMS Heroic" is a sister-ship to the fictional "RMS Tyranic" — a ship the size of a mountain illustrated by Bruce McCall — but even that connection ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Education Reform in UK and US during 1860 to 1915 ish

What was the nature of the education Reform movement during the time period of 1860 to 1918 in England and US?Specifically, What were there guiding philosophies and motivations? I know in the US the ...
2
votes
3answers
123 views

What adaptations allowed left-handers to write left-to-right with dip pens?

Most people touch the side of their hand to the page as they write with a pen or pencil. Latin is written from left to right, and culturally its heritage somewhat demonizes left-handers ("sinister"). ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Why is it called the War of Knives?

I recently learned about the War of Knives, but one thing I haven't been able to figure out is why its actually called the War of Knives. The war happened well after guns were in popular use, and both ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Why was Schuyler Colfax not present at the vote to reconsider the 13th amendment?

According to this question about the thirteenth amendment and by extension this source it references, both say that Schuyler Colfax, the speaker at the time did not vote on the motion to reconsider ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Why was the Congressional Apportionment Amendment opposed?

The Congressional Apportionment Amendment only established a principal for congressional apportionment, which was followed out of custom for many years after the adoption of the constitution. If these ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Why was the Titles of Nobility Amendment proposed?

Why is it that the Titles of Nobility Amendment was proposed in congress? Were there instances of Americans accepting foreign noble titles?
3
votes
2answers
160 views

What level of knowledge was required to enter medieval universities?

According to this answer, students at university in the medieval period were generally paying their own way and were independently rich or were selected by the crown or the church, the latter making ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Are there any specific events which grants a soldier permission to execute a prisoner on sight? (Like in the movie: Fury)

I recently watched the movie Fury. Although the movie is full of historical inaccuracies as usual, there are some events looked very questionable to me. In a scene, the U.S. soldiers capture a ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

When did the Hudson Bay get its current name in French?

In French, the Hudson Bay is called "La baie d'Hudson". Apparently it was originally called "mer du Nord" (North Sea) in the 1600's, the according to its french wiki page. Now obviously, Henry Hudson ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

How do I differentiate ancient ceramic from today's junk?

I've been to London's River Thames, a famous place where it is relatively easy to find ceramics and other relics of the past. I found something but I have no idea how to distinguish ancient stuff ...
6
votes
3answers
170 views

How did Moldova and Romania become separate in the first place?

I've read this question about why Romania and Moldova don't unite. How did they become separate in the first place? Since they are two adjacent countries with basically the same language and ...
6
votes
1answer
126 views

Was the Confederacy (effectively) down to six states after the capture of Vicksburg?

The Union capture of Vicksburg (and Port Hudson) in July, 1863, gave the North control over the whole Mississippi River, isolating the Confederate states west of this river: Arkansas, Louisiana, and ...
4
votes
2answers
240 views

Why did Franklin Roosevelt promote Nazi sympathizer/eugenicist Frederick Osborn to high levels of office?

Many civil rights leaders alleged that, even after the revelation of genocide in World War II, eugenic influences remained strong in the United States because of Osborn and others of the Population ...
2
votes
4answers
215 views

Purple in Roman History

Recently, I was reading articles of ancient clothing (more specifically Roman and Chinese) and while I was reading there wa countless references that only a Roman Emperor could wear a complete toga of ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Why is there a gap of information in Russia for human migration?

I've noticed that in a lot of maps for human migration, there's usually a really unspecific arrow pointing from the Iran area that goes through Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Russia to North America. These ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

How accurate are ancient history busts?

This question links to a blog article of dubious quality about the life of Nero. One sentence however got me thinking (emphasis mine): Though many historical accounts of Nero describe him as weak ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Druids in Greece

Some time ago I read in a few second hand articles, that Celtic druids went to Greece to teach and study. I don't remember the sources and I couldn't find the sources on a Google search. Are there ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

What were the most used drugs in battles and wars?

I have read that germans used extensively Pervitin (Methamphetamine) in WWII. So, I guess there are other drugs used in wars and battles throughout history. What were the most used drugs in battles ...
2
votes
3answers
257 views

Is there a precedent for private companies maintaining a military force? [closed]

In general we think of Corporations as not acting on nations with force, simply with legal power. (Perhaps they maintain a fleet of security guards). We generally think of Corporations as leaving the ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Why did Emperor Xian's flight from Chang'an take one year?

During the end of the Han dynasty, the capital Chang'an fell under control of warlords Li Jue and Guo Si, who fought each other soon after. The emperor Xian escaped and eventually reached the ruins of ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

History of the American Southwest [closed]

I'm planning a road trip through the Southwest U.S., stopping at a lot of national parks and historical sites (click for details): I'd like to listen to audio books while driving, about the history ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

“Ancient knowledge” in Western Europe during Empire's fall

We know that the dawn of the age of Renaissance and the dusk of the Middle Ages were accelerated by the fall of Byzantine Empire and the transfer of a big chunk of "Ancient Knowledge" from Greece to ...
4
votes
3answers
261 views

Slave armies, were they used?

In both fantasy and science fiction, from books, movies, games and tv shows, slave armies are a concept that is used pretty often. A well known example of this is the Unsullied from game of thrones. ...
22
votes
1answer
3k views

Capturing a much larger ship?

In Master and Commander (book 1), the 54-man, 14-gun Sophie captures the 319-man, 32-gun Cacafuego. Is this really plausible? How would it work? Is it the confined space of a ship's deck that makes ...
2
votes
3answers
185 views

Under what conditions could a medieval castle or fortress expect to break or outlast a siege? [closed]

In Medieval Europe (ie before gunpowder), medieval siege tactics are well known. I am curious if there is any known sense of how often sieges were broken. If you were in a castle besieged by a well-...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

Is there evidence to suggest movement of a pre-modern people group from South America to New Caledonia?

Recently we toured the New Calendonia culture centre. Our guide pointed to this marking on a rock, and said: My wife did a Masters in History in Canberra, and other experts have found rocks with ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What happened to aircraft if their aircraft carrier was damaged?

Obviously if a plane takes off from a carrier but can't return because the carrier is damaged or sunk, it has to go somewhere. Or if it can't reach an airfield, its crew would need to ditch it and ...
2
votes
2answers
221 views

Why were North American Native Americans Underdeveloped

During the Pre-Columbian period of the New World the Incas, Aztecs, Mayans, and many more civilizations roamed the land of south North America and all of South America. They were far more advanced and ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Which countries have used rail bikes in their armed forces?

Some 15 years ago, I read an article on "rail biking" and as part of the article it showed pictures of soldiers riding the rails on rail bikes! I believe the photos were from between 1850 and 1950. ...
6
votes
6answers
788 views

Battles under the influence (of alcohol)

I'm looking for documented antecedents that describe the use or abuse of alcohol in the historical context of battles. Not necessarily well known battles. I remember watching (many years ago) a ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

How do Catholic apologetics try to justify the inquisition? [closed]

As someone said on Reddit Inquisition was the first legal system where defenders had a chance to say their bit with the help of a lawyer; and if it was found that an accuser had a personal ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

In 1700-1850 warfare, would infantry still march in formation while retreating?

At the 31:20 juncture of Episode 20 in total (Episode 10 of Season 2) of the AMC TV show Turn, because the British infantry march slowly in formation (rather than running) to leave the battlefield at ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Which country in the world was the first to govern by Democracy? [closed]

Which country in the world was the first to govern its people by a system known as Democracy?

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