2
votes
2answers
133 views

Why didn't Turkish become an official language in former Ottoman colonies in the Middle-East and North Africa?

The main language in the Middle East is Arabic, however English and French considered as a secondary language. Especially in Algeria, Morocco and Lebanon (there are other countries..) people still use ...
2
votes
4answers
191 views

Why did email use develop in tandem with the internet, rather than other technologies?

During the 1980s, I envisioned a (primitive) version of email that would come off telex machines. That is, a person would sit down at a keyboard, create a document, store it on a cartridge, stick the ...
6
votes
4answers
239 views

Examples of defense without walls

Walls (or physical barriers) appear to be the standard defensive structure for a city in order to keep invaders out. Are there examples of cultures/cities that successfully defended themselves without ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

When did streets get names?

Some intercity roads and highways have names (eg. the King's Highway in the Bible and the Appian Way in Rome) and others are named after the place that they go to (Jaffa road in Jerusalem). When did ...
4
votes
1answer
615 views

When did people first tried to limit weapons used in war? [closed]

The first example that I know is about chemical weapons after the first world war.
2
votes
3answers
126 views

WW1: What would happen if an aerial bomb was dropped from too high an altitude?

I've read that by the end of World War I they had both contact and timed fuses(fuzes?), so in the case of a timed fuse (early in the war?), the bomb would just explode early, but what of the contact ...
4
votes
2answers
177 views

Why did East India Company accept Government of India Act 1858?

In 1858, British parliament passed Government of India Act which contained provisions of liquidation of the company and transference of assets, governance to British crown. The act was going to kill ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Are there cases of U.S. Founding Fathers burning flags of other nations?

After reviewing some arguments for and against flag burning I became curious as to whether or not there were documented cases of the U.S. Founding Fathers (or politically influential people of the ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Are these uniforms credible for American sailors just after WW2?

In the 1961 French film Lola (set in the Atlantic French harbour Nantes), American soldiers wear the white uniforms seen below: Was this uniform typical for these soldiers in Nantes following WW2? ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

How did early farmer societies “know” about protein contents of peas and lentils?

According to Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs and Steel (pp 125-126), the domestication of local grains (e.g. wheat, barley) and pulses (e.g. peas, lentils) lauched food production (farming) societies in ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

did relic sellers have a specific name or term for their profession?

Was there a special name or term for people that sold fake relics to Christians on pilgrimage? Like selling swan feathers as angel feathers etc.
0
votes
0answers
40 views

19th Century Playgrounds

In the beginning of the novel Cold Mountain, a character recollect his childhood at a school house (maybe in the 1840s or 1850s in rural North Carolina) and describes flinging his hat out onto the ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

sense of time in people with no means for time measurement

How did early, e.g. ancient to early medieval times, people have a sense of time, i.e. an hour, with no clocks around? I am aware that mechanisms for time measurement existed, sundials, water clocks, ...
7
votes
0answers
194 views

Is table tennis based on tennis? [migrated]

According to Wikipedia, tennis was first played sometime between 1859 and 1865, and table tennis was first played in the 1880s. I tried to do some research online, but couldn't find an answer. Was ...
4
votes
2answers
123 views

Did ancient/medieval Indians produce and consume alcohol?

Are there any references to ancient or medieval Indians consuming (and producing) alcohol? And if so, what kind of alcohol was produced (i.e. wine, beer, whiskey, etc.)?
5
votes
8answers
333 views

Why didn't Germany attack US ports with U-boats during WW II?

During WW2, Germany owned ships along the eastern US coast with U-boats pretty much unopposed. So... why didn't Germany head into US ports and destroy infrastructure? Why did they keep their actions ...
-6
votes
2answers
142 views

German Murderous tendency? [closed]

The following question may seem controversial, and if it would be removed from site I guess it would be fine and understandable, however, it has a particualr view point I think have not been ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Why did so many countries agree to the Non-Proliferation Treaty?

The Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968 contains (among others) provisions that amount to the following: There are five countries (the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, and China) that ...
8
votes
1answer
137 views

Why haven't Etruscan texts survived?

In Wikipedia it's claimed that Etruscan Civilization had a rich literature, but only one Etruscan text has survived. And AFAIK at the same moment we have many Ancient Greeks texts roughly from the ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

When does a political question become a history question? [duplicate]

One could ask "Why did leader Foo do bar?" and if Foo is contemporary, then this is a political question. Likewise, if Foo was an ancient then this is a historical question. Where is the line drawn? ...
52
votes
8answers
11k views

Why bother attacking castles at all? Why not go around?

Castles were designed to hold people, weapons, and supplies to survive a siege. They were well-defended. Taking one could easily be a long, bloody struggle. Why attack at all? Most castles I've seen ...
4
votes
2answers
159 views

Why was Salzburg called „Stadt der Lebensforschung“ by the Nazis?

Wikipedia states, that the city of Salzburg/Austria was called „Stadt der Lebensforschung“ as honorary city title. Is there any source that describes why?
0
votes
1answer
74 views

How did Prithviraj chauhan managed to kill Mohammed Ghori? [closed]

I know very less from my childhood memories, that Mohammed Ghori, an emperror, makes King Prithviraj a prisoner and makes him blind by removing his eyes with two hot rods. But still Prithviraj ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Is the Speech of Lord Macaulay true or false [duplicate]

Is the Speech of Lord Macaulay true or false? I cant find
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Statistics on pre-revolutionary Russian education

I'm looking for some statistics (and I know this may not even exist) about education rates in pre-revolutionary Russian society (by pre-revolutionary I'm looking for between 1890 and 1917). Someone ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Why is there a statue of Francis Drake in Coquimbo, Chile?

The English buccaneer Sir Francis Drake had a rather hostile relationship with the Spanish Empire and its colonies, including Chile. As quoted in Wikipedia, [Francis Drake] sacked the port of ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

A world in the moon?

In the 1600s, the nature of the moon was a matter of debate. Papers arguing for the modern concept of the moon were being printed, such as The Discovery of a World in the Moone, 1638. The phrase a ...
24
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is it that the maiden name is traditionally dropped when a woman is getting married?

Haven't seen anything online, even after googling. Wikipedia seems to only list the countries that support the practice, but offers no history. Why is it that the maiden name is traditionally dropped ...
5
votes
2answers
260 views

Jewish King of Narbonne

In today's edition of Le Monde, Marek Halter mentions something about Jewish Kings in Carolingian France, recognized by Charlemagne. Probably using Arthur Zuckerman 'Jewish Kingdom in feudal France' ...
1
vote
1answer
470 views

What is the race of Iranians? [closed]

What is the race of Iranians? Most Iranians claim to be Aryans, is there any scientific evidence to support this?
-2
votes
1answer
102 views

Did Aryan race ever existed? [closed]

Did Aryans ever existed? or is this Aryan race thing a myth? People in general think that Aryans should be blonde with blue eyes, to what extent is this true? What is the Y-chromosome and ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Antisemitism in Nazi Germany [closed]

I was wondering about this for quite a while: Antisemitism is something that is quite unbelievable for us nowadays, so: on what was this antisemitism actually based? I also know that there has always ...
13
votes
1answer
248 views

Classical battle sizes vs medieval battle sizes

Why did classical battles did tend to be larger than medieval ages? One particular example I am thinking of was the battle of Stamford bridge, which had around 30,000 participants, compared to the ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

When were the “War Relief Toy Works” set up and by whom?

There are a number of toys in existence - particularly Noah's Arks - which originate from the 'War Relief Toy Works', which was based in Stoke Newington, a suburb of London, UK. A representative ...
5
votes
0answers
87 views

What was the lena River Delta U-boat base in the Soviet Arctic used for?

In 1963 the body of a German navy NCO was found in Neelova Gulf with the remnants of his uniform and rifle ammunition. In 1985 Soviet helicopter pilot Peter Statsyukom discovered a small complex of ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Which was more revolutionary for its time: Television or Radio? [closed]

In terms of broadcast technologies, which was seen as more revolutionary for its time: television or radio? How was each technology utilized in terms of its intended purpose and audience/users in its ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

democracy and wars for resources [migrated]

'Democracy' has a large definition , but I want to concentrate on this : Karl Popper defined democracy in contrast to dictatorship or tyranny, thus focusing on opportunities for the people to ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Luftwaffe Operations from Syria/Iraq in 1942

I recall reading somewhere that prior to the destruction of Vichy French forces in Syria the Luftwaffe operated at least one staffelen of He-111 bombers from either Syria or Iraq. Please can anyone ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

What effort did the Luftwaffe make to prevent Operation Torch landings in North Africa 1942? [closed]

Did the Germans know about the Operation Torch landings in late 1942 and if so what steps were taken in particular by the Luftwaffe to intervene?
5
votes
0answers
101 views

Who deposited German fuel drums on a Japanese air base in the Kuriles in 1943?

The Imperial Japanese Navy operated two all-weather, heated, lit runways on Matsuwa Island in the Kurile island chain. This island is littered with German fuel drums manufactured in 1943. It also ...
2
votes
3answers
222 views

Why are the “Three Musketeers” called musketeers?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Three_Musketeers_%281987_TV_series%29 They fight with sabres all the time. No musket. So why?
-3
votes
1answer
57 views

Was President Truman Responsible for the Cold War? Explain why [closed]

I'm reading a book which has me confused now because it says yes and then no. Yes-Arnold A Offner argues that President Harry S. Truman was a parochial nationalist whose limited vision of foreign ...
23
votes
7answers
5k views

Why didn't Britain's nuclear weapons deter Argentina from invading the Falklands?

The United Kingdom has nuclear weapons. All the [major] political parties support this policy. A common justification heard is that they are a deterrent against foreign aggression. For example: UK ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Did ancient people use punctuation? [closed]

For example, Chinese, Indian,.. did they use something like dot mark to separate sentences? If not, how can they know something is an object of the first sentence or the subject of the latter ...
-1
votes
1answer
130 views

Occupation of Iran in World War 2

During World War 2, British, Russian, and American forces attacked and occupied Iran. Why did they occupy Iran? Why Hitler did not try to stop them?
2
votes
0answers
47 views

How much infrstructure damage has there been in Iraq, after the invasion?

I know that thousands up to a millions (depending on source) of people have died due to the conflict, but how much damage to infrastructure has been caused? I read somewhere that it was $1 trillion ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Ancient China nobility ranks

I would like to ask a question about ancient Chinese nobility. I was researching some background on Confucius, and I found a weird discrepancy on Wikipedia about his homeland, Lu. About its ruler, the ...
-2
votes
2answers
255 views

Have Adolf Hitler ever personally witnessed any of his crimes? [closed]

Have Adolf Hitler ever personally witnessed any of his crimes? A point of interest....
4
votes
0answers
73 views

What did the Crusaders really wear?

What did those who walked the First Crusade wear? I'm not just talking about the noblemen etc. but also the poor people who allegedly went (or is that a myth?). And how did they dress according to ...
6
votes
2answers
568 views

Has there ever been a successful “Anarchy”? [closed]

By definition anarchism advocates a stateless society, so I guess I can't be talking about an Anarchist State or Country so I will just use state of anarchy (with no negative connotation). In any ...

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