3
votes
2answers
250 views

Is there any evidence that the fall of the Tibetan empire led to an increase in Buddhism?

According to this Wiki page, "a basket of Buddhist scriptures arrived in Tibet from India" in the 5th century and were translated sometime around 618-649. Tibetan Buddhism reached it's peak "with ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Should I trust a church history book that's more than 50 years old?

I found a history book (A History of the Christian Church, Revised Edition by Williston Walker) at my local used book store. It was copyrighted in 1959. Have there been any developments in research ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

What was the judicial body in 16th century France called?

I was listening to a series of audio lectures on Religious wars in Europe. In the lecture on French wars of religion, there was a mention of a judicial authority in Paris. However, I couldn't catch ...
19
votes
9answers
6k views

Which religion was the first monotheistic one?

Which religion was the first monotheistic one? Was it judaism or a religion which disappeared from practice?
25
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is it that the maiden name is traditionally dropped when a woman is getting married?

Haven't seen anything online, even after googling. Wikipedia seems to only list the countries that support the practice, but offers no history. Why is it that the maiden name is traditionally dropped ...
16
votes
4answers
557 views

Did Arab policymakers have plans for the Jewish population, in case of victory in 1948 War?

Presumably the Arab goal in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war was to defeat Israel. Total victory would probably mean the total control of the whole Mandatory Palestine, which at this point already contained ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

What are the historical inaccuracies in Repin's “Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks”?

Russian Wikipedia says this about "Запорожцы пишут письмо турецкому султану" ("Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire") painting by Ilya Repin: После первого ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

What weapons did Yue Fei used against the Jin Cavalry

One of my Chinese friends said that the Jin troops rode 5 horse at once and charged as a very heavy cathaprac. Yue Fei used a special halberd and cut off the horses legs. The riders fell off their ...
6
votes
3answers
219 views

Have any national leaders been kept unaware of their own wars?

I've seen a number of scifi/fantasy stories (most recently the second season of Avatar: The Last Airbender) in which nominally-powerful leaders are insulated from the events of their own countries by ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Was Jesus depicted as dark skinned during the beginning of christianity

I have seen depictions of Jesus classified under "early christian art" and in the earliest depictions of Jesus he was of a much darker skin tone and I also seen the early "black madonnas" (the dark ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Why didn't Vajpeyi follow Operation Entebbe example to rescue plane passengers?

When the plane IC814 was hijacked by terrorists on 24th December 1999, why didn't Indian Government attack Kandahar and rescue the passengers? They had the incident of Operation Entebbe in front of ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Were the ancient Israelites of a darker skin tone? [closed]

I have seen ancient depictions of the ancient Israelites and their features were different than I expected. Linguistic experts have stated that Hebrew is one of the early Asiatic-African languages. ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

The effect of the Panic of 1837 on financial/banking policy

Were there any direct or immediate financial/banking policies made because of this recession? I've read that a combination of factors helped get America out of the Panic, but it never mentioned a ...
4
votes
2answers
230 views

What historical reasons did the Nazi's have to hate the Jews? How did they identify non-practicing Jews?

What historical or cultural reasons did the Nazi's have to hate the Jews? Did they ever accurately and precisely identify non-practicing Jews? I asked Jewish culture differences singled out by ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Two side of history [closed]

I have been studying history for a long time but whenever I study history there are two sides of story. On one side a person is hero and on the other side same person is brutal. Which creates cluster ...
5
votes
2answers
66 views

Rulers' titles in Middle Age Italy

For centuries in the Middle Ages, in many regions of Europe there were not kings, but dukes, archdukes, etc. For instance, in Italy one had the Archduke of Tuscany and the Duke of Piedmont (until ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Why did Alexander the Great spare Porus's life? [duplicate]

Between Persia & India, Alexander had become more ruthless, massacring cities even when they didn't resist. He always executed any who resisted before Porus/Purushottama. Why was ...
7
votes
2answers
362 views

What became of the French Revolutionary Religion and Calendar?

During the height of the French Revolution, there was a complete revamping/retooling of French culture and religion: A new calendar based on the metric system and marking the significant events and ...
5
votes
0answers
53 views

Indian account of the Battle of the Hydaspes River

Are there Indian accounts of the Battle of the Hydaspes River? If so, what are they, who authored them, and how do they differ from the Greek & Roman accounts?
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Why is there a Herakles/Hercules sarcophagus?

I recently visited the Archeological museum of Antalya, seeing two 'Herakles sarcophagi' like this one, depicting his twelve labours. I learned some about him like how he reached immortality. I was ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

How did people decide which president to vote for 200 years ago? [closed]

A "long time ago" before there were TV's, radios, etc. what was the general method by which a presidential candidate in the United States would try to promote himself? Was it by distributing ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Did the Germans purposefully arrange to send Lenin to Russia to start a revolution?

A recent documentary, The World Wars, on the History Channel suggested, strongly, that the Imperial German government secretly arranged safe-passage for Vladimir Lenin to return to Moscow from ...
5
votes
3answers
187 views

Les Misérables historical setting

What is the period in French history portrayed in Les Misérables in the early 1800s? Also, who was the French King at that time - the restored King? I thought the French Revolution was in the late ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Why did the Dutch, French & British acquire minor colonies in South America?

We know that South America was partitioned between Spain and Portugal in the early days of empire when Spain and Portugal were the major powers. Later, in the 19th century, when Spain and Portugal ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Why wasn't Monaco unified with France?

Why wasn't Monaco unified with the Kingdom/Republic of France during the unification? I understand France used to be a very decentralized kingdom with many areas ruled by vassal or smaller rulers, and ...
11
votes
4answers
698 views

French gains after the American Revolutionary War

Did France gain anything significant (territories or other concessions) at the conclusion of the American Revolutionary War? I tried to look up for it, but what I found were very minor (Senegal in ...
6
votes
4answers
158 views

Why did France make an alliance with the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont in the 1850's?

It is clear why Cavour wanted the alliance, but what benefits would France have from allying itself to a relatively weak (as far as I know) kingdom?
27
votes
6answers
1k views

Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?

I thought about this question and wondered: Are there any known cases where a country switched to a different language other than because of being conquered? If some country ever did this I would be ...
0
votes
2answers
129 views

How do modern historians evaluate Sherman's “Total War”?

A major element of Sherman's march to the sea was his army's burning southern farms and cities. The rationale for what Sherman called "Total War," approved by Grant and Lincoln, was that it would ...
31
votes
5answers
3k views

How did people travel to remote islands like Easter Island?

Easter Island is extremely remote, being thousands of kilometers from its nearest neighbor. How did people get there safely, and how did they even know it was there?
0
votes
5answers
80 views

Why some countries have more than one name? [closed]

I know Persian Language, In persian (Farsi) that is an old language we call Netherlands “Holland” , call Germany "Alman", Call Poland "Lahestan", call India "Hend" and etc. What is the reason and Why ...
15
votes
5answers
3k views

Bastard children who became Kings

I read once that William the conqueror was a bastard and I have heard him being referred to as William the Bastard by a beefeater on a tour in the Tower of London. I was wondering are there any other ...
3
votes
2answers
43 views

Correlation between Mesoamerican and South Asian calendar systems

The Mayan and Hindu calendars both divide history into eras, and the epochs (start date) of their current eras lie extremely closely together: August 11, 3114 BCE (Mayan) vs. 18 February, 3102 BCE ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Was there a plan “B” for the D-Day?

I could find only debates on the subject whether there was a plan "B" or not in case D-Day landing would have had actually failed. I wonder if there was an idea to make an alternative invasion plan. ...
6
votes
1answer
312 views

Were there historical examples of “citizen's arrest” concept in history independent of British common law?

I know that the concept of "citizen's arrest" in USA originated from British common law. It seems that in a lot of countries listed in Wiki are ones that have the same origin of that law, since they ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

What was the exact time of announcement of Indian independence?

Unanimously, India achieved its independence on 15th August 1947. Of course, to say the exact time would be, a bit difficult. However, what time did they begin to address the nation to announce its ...
39
votes
4answers
1k views

How accurate or supported is Jared Diamond's “Guns, Germs, and Steel”?

Jared Diamond wrote a fascinating book that purports to explain, in a very broad way, the development of civilization. It has several explanations for the development of Eurasian civilization rather ...
-1
votes
2answers
63 views

Is Sumer considered by historians as a part of Western Civilization? [closed]

Well is it?It seems to me that a continuing cultural thread runs from Mesopotamia passing through Europe and finally arriving in North America.Or Greece and Rome are a breaking point with "Oriental" ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Was Muhammed Ali Jinnah secular? [closed]

After the bitter partition in 1947, predominant opinion in India is that Jinnah was the sole culprit and thinks of him as a religious person. In fact, the patriarch of the ruling party (BJP) L.K ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Why has monarchy appeared just about everywhere? [closed]

Why is hereditary monarchy so common across history? It seems to turn up everywhere, yet it seems unlikely to have been spread. For instance various South American civilizations had it.
13
votes
2answers
196 views

Three rings (wreaths?) symbol in XIX century Russia

On some buildings in Moscow (and other cities in European part of Russia) there are carvings of three interconnected wreaths. For example, some are on the Pushkin Museum building on Prechistenka: ...
12
votes
2answers
308 views

Did the blanket pardon from 'The Three Musketeers' exist in real life?

In his novel The Three Musketeers, Dumas describes Richelieu giving the following paper to Milady de Winter: C'est par mon ordre et pour le bien de l'Etat que le porteur du present a fait ce ...
6
votes
1answer
177 views

Have any of the Presidents of France taken advantage of its co-princeship of Andorra in a significant way?

The Principality of Andorra is quite interesting, because it is a monarchy headed by two persons, including the President of France (who is basically elected at will of foreigners). My question is, ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

What freedoms did basic Roman citizens have?

Simple question, thanks for your time. I am just wondering what freedoms did the most basic of citizens have (when there was an emperor, not the senate). I don't really need an explanation; a list ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Why did Central and South American nations participate in WWII?

Somewhat related question: Did either of the World Wars involve South or Central America? I've always been interested in why so many South American and Central American countries took the side of the ...
5
votes
4answers
733 views

Historical use of alcohol as a source of clean water

I've heard that there were two common methods to disinfecting water in the past: boiling water or turning it into alcohol. Presumably, those in the East relied on boiling water, while those in the ...
8
votes
4answers
213 views

Was there pre-Viking European contact with the Canadian Arctic?

That there was Viking contact with the New World is well known, but any contact before that is the stuff of mere legends (like that of St. Brendan), at least so I thought. Today I read a 2008 article ...
10
votes
3answers
260 views

How can prices be compared over time?

I've just asked a question where Tyler Durden wrote in his answer that paper was expensive at Euclids time. So I wanted to ask the question: How did the price of paper / papyrus develop over ...
8
votes
2answers
493 views

Why is Titus known as Titus?

Why is the Roman emperor Titus known as Titus? Usually we don't refer to a Roman by his first name (praenomen). And it's not as if it serves to distinguish him from his predecessor (and father) or his ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

In a broad sense, what are the reasons for the history-spanning persecution of Jews? [closed]

Throughout history, Jews have almost always been persecuted in every culture they try to co-exist with. The act is so common that we even have a term for it - anti-semitism - even though semites ...

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