4
votes
2answers
226 views

Did Portuguese and Spanish have slaves on European soil working for them?

I know Portuguese and Spanish had slaves working for them on the colonies but what about on their own soil in Europe?
0
votes
1answer
145 views

Did General Morillo unwittingly allude to a cause of Spain's decline in 1816?

In ordering the execution of a famous scientist, Francisco de Caldas, during the war for South American independence, Spain's General Pablo Morillo was quoted as saying "Spain does not need wise men" (...
10
votes
6answers
979 views

How to explain the Khalkhin Gol outcome in view of Soviet weakness and Japanese strength at that time?

Conventional wisdom says that the USSR was very weak in 1939/40/41, in large part due to the purges of the 1930s, ideological interference in the armed forces, and lack of equipment, preparation and ...
2
votes
2answers
147 views

Why and how did Macedon support Carthage in the Punic wars?

I understand that Rome accused the Kingdom of Macedon to have supported Carthage in the first and/or second Punic war, and that was the reason of the Macedonian wars. Is this true, or was it just a ...
4
votes
2answers
231 views

Why was Copernicus not persecuted by the church, but Galileo was?

The Catholic Church's persecution of Galileo Galilei for embracing heliocentrism is very well known today. He was subjected to the inquisition and spent the end of his life in house arrest. However, ...
16
votes
6answers
22k views

Why was China not colonized by any country?

Why didn't China become a colony of anybody, unlike most other Asian countries?
6
votes
1answer
168 views

Explaining differences in settler-first peoples mating [duplicate]

There was fairly little mixing between European settlers and the first peoples in what is today USA and Canada. There was extensive mixing in what is today Mexico (modern day: 65% Mestizo, 17.5% ...
6
votes
1answer
150 views

Visit of Greek philosophers to Rome in 155 BCE

In 155 BCE a delegation of three Greek philosophers arrived in Rome on a political mission (to negotiate the settlement of war fines). During their stay they succeeded in raising Greek philosophy to ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What was the official reason for not invading France until the middle of 1944? [duplicate]

As I understand it, Stalin was urging the western powers to open a second front in France ever since Barbarossa begin in 1941 June. What was the official reason for waiting until 1944 June? They ...
13
votes
4answers
713 views

Does Chinese history really span the past 5000 years?

Chinese kids the world over are frequently taught that there is "5000 years of Chinese history". What basis is there for this claim?
15
votes
7answers
10k views

What is the longest effective range artillery weapon ever built?

What is the longest effective range artillery weapon ever built, regardless of wether it was actually used in combat?
44
votes
16answers
23k views

Was the secession of the Confederate states illegal?

Putting aside their reasons for wanting to do so and all the emotional responses they would provoke, was the secession of states from the Union to eventually form the Confederacy an illegal act in ...
5
votes
3answers
518 views

What are the oldest primary sources of recorded history in china?

There is for instance Sima Qian, according to Wikipedia the first Chinese historian, who wrote the Shiji (Records of the Grand Historian) in 109 BCE. But does this primary source still exist, or do ...
29
votes
4answers
5k views

Given their reputation for fighting to the last man in the Pacific, why did 700,000 Japanese troops surrender in Manchuria?

I just read this. It says: On August 8, 1945 ... the Soviet Union launched the invasion of Manchuria, a massive military operation mobilizing 1.5 million soldiers against one million Kwantung Army ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Piece of cloth in bullets in pistols around the pirate age

While seeing the series Black sails, there's an episode where two guys face each other in a pistol duel. While preparing the weapons, it is clearly seen that the assistants put a piece of cloth ...
22
votes
6answers
5k views

What was the role of the Soviet Navy during WWII?

Most books of WWII speak of the naval battles of allied and axis powers during the war, but none about the Soviet navy. The soviets had an active fleet at the time, why did it not engage the Germans ...
7
votes
0answers
70 views

Why didn't Emperor Gaozu of Tang let Crown Prince Li Jiancheng command battles more often?

When Emperor Gaozhu of Tang (唐高祖) was reigning, there were a number of battles that were helmed by his second son, Li Shimin(李世民) instead of the crown prince Li Jiancheng(太子李建成), such as: The ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

What was the TV schedule like in 1960s Japan?

What was the TV schedule like in 1960s Japan? Like, what did they broadcast and when? I know there were some anime and live-action shows going on by the later half. How much was imported stuff and ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

What Coin is This?

This is my first question on SE so please let me know if this should be somewhere else. Years ago (maybe 15), my grandfather gave me this coin and I have no idea what it is or where it came from. Can ...
6
votes
0answers
103 views

How come La Réunion and Mauritius were uninhabited ?

How come the Mascarenes islands, La Réunion and Mauritius (and Rodrigues), were uninhabited until Europeans arrived ? Many islands off the coast of Africa remained uninhabited until the arrival of ...
7
votes
4answers
536 views

Did people have better nutrition before agriculture?

A lot of proponents of new diets, e.g. Paleo, Primal, Atkins argue that grains have made people unhealthier and life expectancy was much better before the transition to agriculture. Some research ...
4
votes
3answers
164 views

How many Old Bolsheviks outlived Stalin?

The term "Old Bolshevik" refers to those who joined the Bolshevik party before the Russian Revolution of 1917. According to D. A. Chygayev (as quoted by Mark Deutsch), in 1922 there were 44,148 ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

What exactly were the religious beliefs of Gemistus Plethon?

According to wikipedia: [Gemistus Plethon] was a Greek scholar of Neoplatonic philosophy. He was one of the chief pioneers of the revival of Greek learning in Western Europe. In the dying years of ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Did John Milton and Baruch Spinoza know of and/or about each other?

In these iTunes U lectures on Milton, John Rogers suggest that Milton was espousing "monism" in Paradise Lost; that the theology of Paradise Lost involved the ideas that the soul and body are one and ...
25
votes
8answers
5k views

Why was PTSD not written about as much before the 20th century?

As late as WW1 there was very little literature surrounding PTSD/'shellshock'. In fact, the term was not coined until the 1980's. Considering the fact that warfare has been a part of human life since ...
10
votes
3answers
190 views

What made the generation-switch hard in Soviet Union?

I always wondered, why didn't the Soviet leadership have similar generation changes like Chinese had later with Deng Xiao Ping? Only Gorbachev could get the leadership as second-generation communist ...
4
votes
2answers
231 views

Why did the Australian IOC deny that Peter Norman was excluded from the 1972 Olympics for supporting racial equality?

There was an Australian Sprinter Peter Norman who came second in the 1968 Olympics. Peter Norman known for his support of John Carlos and Tommie Smith when they made their famous raised-fist ...
-1
votes
0answers
31 views

The rule of the Pythogoreans [closed]

I've heard a claim that that Pythagoreans during the life of Pythagoras wielded a significant amount of political power. To what extent is this true?
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Did Japan perceive their hypergrowth as stable and unstoppable as the United States did?

Did Japan perceive their hypergrowth as stable and unstoppable as the United States did? Or was it commonly known to the man on the street that it would fail?
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Theoretical approaches to History

Are there theories of approaches to history, or styles of history, insofar as the subject is taught at schools and universities? For example, E. P. Thompson seems to favour a Marxist interpretation ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

The 2011 Libya action by France, UK, US was supported by a UN resolution - but was it subverted for regime change? [closed]

The 2011 Libya action by France, UK, US was supported by a UN resolution authorising enforcement of a no-fly zone - but is there any evidence that the resolution was used as a pretext for the larger ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

What were China's thoughts on the possibility of a nuclear exchange, during the Cold War?

What were China's thoughts on the possibility of a nuclear exchange, during the Cold War? We know, sorta, what the Soviets, and Americans thought, what about China?
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Did medieval Icelanders use runes?

The land-taking of Iceland took place while Norse culture used runes. It was in the midst of transitioning from the Elder to the Younger Futhark. The runes are closely identified with the Old Norse ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Why did the island of Bali remain Hindu when most of the rest of Indonesia converted to Islam?

The Wiki page on the spread of Islam in Indonesia stresses that our knowledge of this macro-historical process is fragmentary, for instance often we don’t how the religion diffused out into the ...
3
votes
3answers
209 views

Was there a case where a king died while the heir to the throne was unborn?

I read this interesting passage in Wikipedia: when Queen Victoria succeeded her uncle King William IV, the wording of the proclamation even gave as a caveat: "...saving the rights of any ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Successors of the Roman Empire

I know that the Byzantine Empire was technically the Eastern Roman Empire, but did they carry over actual Roman traditions with them? Also, did the Holy Roman Empire have anything to do with the ...
0
votes
2answers
202 views

Are big states more likely to cause wars? [closed]

Over the course of history most bloody wars were caused by big Kingdoms and Empires, or so it seems? I know a lot of history, especially European and it appears to me that most bloody and horrible ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

In the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, was there any secret agreement on the timetable, if any, of taking the spheres of influence?

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact included a secret agreement to divide Europe between Germany and USSR. I'm wondering if this secret agreement included timetables for those takeovers, or if they were ...
4
votes
3answers
290 views

Divine Right of Kings: Why?

I know this question is too broad and I expect it to be closed: that's fine. But I lack the specific History background to be able to ask a better question at the moment (too many other pots in the ...
1
vote
2answers
211 views

Group term for the Celts around the Alps?

Usually when I'm trying to find something about the Celts along the Danube and North Italy, I have a hard time. What is their group term (like Gauls, Britons, Celtiberians)? Do they belong to Gaul? ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

What were the key difficulties for the Romans in the conquest of Germanic tribes? [duplicate]

Rome had expansionist policy from its early days since the Dacian conquest by Trajan. During these several centuries, Rome took on powerful and established powers such as Carthage, Macedon, Selucid ...
5
votes
2answers
603 views

Did early American settlers have to buy their land from the government?

During the early English settlement period in North America, did settlers buy their land from the government, or did they simply find some land and build a home there? To be more specific, I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Most advanced illiterate society

I got to thinking some more recently about the interrelation of societal advancement and information availability. That got me wondering about the limits. In short, what is the most advanced society ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Which eras have historians proposed that we are currently living in?

This is something that I've been researching for the past few weeks and have found a few answers, but I assume I'm missing a few of them. Basically, the question is this: In which ways have modern ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Is there a book, in or out of print, that lists diaries from soldiers who fought in the American Revolution? [duplicate]

I am trying to compile a list of diaries, letters, reminiscences, and autobiographies of those involved in the American Revolutionary War (i.e. important players, soldiers, women)? I have made a ...

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